December 19 events in history

211 Publius Septimius Geta, co-emperor of Rome, is lured to come without his bodyguards to meet his brother Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (Caracalla), to discuss a possible reconciliation. When he arrives, the Praetorian Guard murders him and he dies in the arms of his mother, Julia Domna
1154 Henry II of England is crowned at Westminster Abbey
1490 Anne, Duchess of Brittany, is married to Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor by proxy
1562 The Battle of Dreux takes place during the French Wars of Religion
1606 The Susan Constant, the Godspeed, and the Discovery depart England carrying settlers who found, at Jamestown, Virginia, the first of the thirteen colonies that became the United States
1675 The Great Swamp Fight, a pivotal battle in King Philip's War, gives the English settlers a bitterly won victory
1776 Thomas Paine publishes one of a series of pamphlets in The Pennsylvania Journal entitled "The American Crisis"
1777 American Revolutionary War: George Washington's Continental Army goes into winter quarters at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania
1796 French Revolutionary Wars: Two British frigates under Commodore Horatio Nelson and two Spanish frigates under Commodore Don Jacobo Stuart engage in battle off the coast of Murcia
1828 Nullification Crisis: Vice President of the United States John C. Calhoun pens the South Carolina Exposition and Protest, protesting the Tariff of 1828
1900 Hopetoun Blunder: The first Governor-General of Australia John Hope, 7th Earl of Hopetoun, appoints Sir William Lyne premier of the new state of New South Wales, but he is unable to persuade other colonial politicians to join his government and is forced to resign
1907 239 coal miners die in a mine explosion in Jacobs Creek, Pennsylvania
1912 William Van Schaick, captain of the steamship General Slocum which caught fire and killed over 1,000 people, is pardoned by U.S. President William Howard Taft after three-and-a-half-years in Sing Sing prison
1916 World War I: Battle of Verdun – On the Western Front, the French Army successfully holds off the German Army and drives it back to its starting position
1920 King Constantine I is restored as King of the Hellenes after the death of his son Alexander of Greece and a plebiscite
1924 The last Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost is sold in London, England
1927 Three Indian revolutionaries, Ram Prasad Bismil, Roshan Singh and Ashfaqulla Khan are executed by the British Empire
1932 BBC World Service begins broadcasting as the BBC Empire Service
1941 World War II: Adolf Hitler becomes Supreme Commander-in-chief of the German Army
1941 World War II: Limpet mines placed by Italian divers heavily damage the HMS Valiant and HMS Queen Elizabeth in Alexandria harbour
1946 Start of the First Indochina War
1956 Irish-born physician John Bodkin Adams is arrested in connection with the suspicious deaths of more than 160 patients. Eventually he is convicted only of minor charges
1961 India annexes Daman and Diu, part of Portuguese India
1964 The South Vietnamese military junta of Nguyễn Khánh dissolve the High National Council and arrest some of the members
1967 Harold Holt, the Prime Minister of Australia, is officially presumed dead
1972 Apollo program: The last manned lunar flight, Apollo 17, crewed by Eugene Cernan, Ron Evans and Harrison Schmitt, returns to Earth
1974 Nelson Rockefeller is sworn in as Vice President of the United States under President Gerald Ford under the provisions of the twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution
1975 John Paul Stevens is appointed a justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
1979 Geoffrey Boycott became the first cricketer to be stranded at 99 not out against Australia at Perth
1981 Sixteen lives are lost when the Penlee lifeboat goes to the aid of the stricken coaster Union Star in heavy seas
1983 The original FIFA World Cup trophy, the Jules Rimet Trophy, is stolen from the headquarters of the Brazilian Football Confederation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
1984 The Sino-British Joint Declaration, stating that China would resume the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong and the United Kingdom would restore Hong Kong to China with effect from July 1, 1997 is signed in Beijing, China by Deng Xiaoping and Margaret Thatcher
1986 Mikhail Gorbachev, leader of the Soviet Union, releases Andrei Sakharov and his wife from exile in Gorky
1995 The United States Government restores federal recognition to the Nottawaseppi Huron Band of Potawatomi Indian tribe
1997 SilkAir Flight 185 crashes into the Musi River, near Palembang in Indonesia, killing 104
1998 President Bill Clinton is impeached by the United States House of Representatives, becoming the second President of the United States to be impeached
2000 The Leninist Guerrilla Units wing of the Communist Labour Party of Turkey/Leninist attack a Nationalist Movement Party office in Istanbul, Turkey, killing one person and injuring three
2001 A record high barometric pressure of 1085.6 hPa (32.06 inHg) is recorded at Tosontsengel, Khövsgöl, Mongolia
2001 Argentine economic crisis: December 2001 riots – Riots erupt in Buenos Aires, Argentina
2010 Sachin Tendulkar scores a record-breaking 50th Century in Test cricket against South Africa at the SuperSport Park in Centurion, Gauteng
2012 Park Geun-hye becomes the first female president of South Korea