Born on December 2

1542 Ludwig Senfl a Swiss composer of the Renaissance, active in Germany. He was the most famous pupil of Heinrich Isaac, was music director to the court of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, and was an influential figure in the development of the Franco-Flemish polyphonic style in Germany
1578 Agostino Agazzari an Italian composer and music theorist.
1612 David Ryckaert III a Flemish Baroque painter. He started his career as a landscape painter but later specialized in genre paintings
1629 William Egon of Fürstenberg a German clergyman who was bishop of Strasbourg.
1678 Nicolaas Kruik a Dutch land surveyor, cartographer, astronomer and weatherman. He is remembered most today for the Museum De Cruquius bearing his name
1694 William Shirley a British colonial administrator who was the longest-serving governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay and then Governor of the Bahamas in the 1760s. He is best known for his role in organizing the 1745 Siege of Louisbourg during King George's War, and for his role in military affairs during the French and Indian War. He spent most of his years in the colonial administration of North America working to defeat New France, but his lack of formal military training led to political difficulties and his eventual downfall
1695 Andrzej Stanisław Załuski a priest in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
1703 Ferdinand Konščak a Jesuit missionary, explorer, and cartographer.
1707 Johann Julius Hecker a German educator who established the first Realschule and Prussia's first teacher-education institution.
1710 Bertinazzi an Italian actor and author. Known to have traveled with Giacomo Casanovas mother, Zanetta Casanova, to Petersburg to perform for Empress Anne Iwanowa, only to return to Italy shortly after, when the Empress did not approve of the Italian Comedy
1726 Alexander Hood 1st Viscount Bridport an officer of the British Royal Navy during the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars, and the brother of Admiral Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood.
1728 Ferdinando Galiani an Italian economist, a leading Italian figure of the Enlightenment. Friedrich Nietzsche referred to him as "a most fastidious and refined intelligence" as well as "..the most profound, sharp-sighted and perhaps also the foulest man of his century."
1738 Richard Montgomery an Irish-born soldier who first served in the British Army. He later became a Major General in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War and he is most famous for leading the failed 1775 invasion of Canada
1754 William Cooper (judge) an American merchant, land speculator and developer, the founder of Cooperstown, New York, and a judge. A politician, he served two terms in the United States Congress, representing Otsego County and central New York. He was the father of James Fenimore Cooper, who became a noted writer
1759 James Edward Smith an English botanist and founder of the Linnean Society.
1760 John Breckinridge (U.S. Attorney General) a lawyer and politician from the U.S. state of Virginia. He served in the state legislatures of Virginia and Kentucky before being elected to the U.S. Senate and appointed United States Attorney General during the second term of President Thomas Jefferson. He is the progenitor of Kentucky's Breckinridge political family and the namesake of Breckinridge County, Kentucky
1760 Joseph Graetz a German composer, organist, and music educator. In 1790 two of his stage works premiered: the operetta Das Gespenst mit der Trommel and the opera Adelheid von Veltheim. His notable students included Kaspar Ett, Peter Josef von Lindpaintner, and Eduard Rottmanner
1763 Alexander Crichton a Scottish physician and author.
1781 Louis-Pierre Norblin a French musician. He taught cello at the Paris Conservatoire, where his students included Charles Lebouc. His father was Jan Piotr Norblin
1797 Princess Hermine of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym by birth a princess of the House of Ascania and by marriage an Archduchess of Austria.
1808 John Lewis Russell an American botanist and Unitarian minister. Born in Salem, Massachusetts, Russel attended Harvard University and received his early education in Salem, Newburyport and Amesbury. He earned a bachelor's degree in 1828 and a divinity degree in 1831 before becoming a minister, his profession until 1854. Russel had an interest in cryptogams , and he was Professor of Botany and Horticultural Physiology for the Massachusetts Horticultural Society from 1831 until his death in 1873. The bolete fungus Boletus russelli is named in his honor
1810 Henry Yesler an entrepreneur considered to be Seattle, Washington's first economic father and first millionaire.
1811 Jean-Charles Chapais a Canadian Conservative politician, and considered a Father of Canadian Confederation for his participation in the Quebec Conference to determine the form of Canada's government.
1813 Melchior de Marion Brésillac a Catholic prelate and the founder of the Society of African Missions.
1813 Matthias Castrén a Finnish ethnologist and philologist.
1817 Heinrich von Sybel Karl Ludolf von Sybel , German historian, came from a Protestant family which had long been established at Soest, in Westphalia.
1821 George W. Sears a sportswriter for Forest and Stream magazine in the 1880s and an early conservationist. His stories, appearing under the pen name, "Nessmuk" popularized self-guided canoe camping tours of the Adirondack lakes in open, lightweight solo canoes and what is today called ultralight camping
1823 Oscar Dickson a Swedish magnate, bulk merchant, industrialist and philanthropist from a family of Scottish origin. In his time he was considered the most affluent of all Swedes
1825 Krišjānis Valdemārs a writer, editor, educator, politician, lexicographer, folklorist and economist, the spiritual leader of the first Latvian National Awakening and the most prominent member of the Young Latvia movement.
1825 Pedro II of Brazil the second and last ruler of the Empire of Brazil, reigning for over 58 years. Born in Rio de Janeiro, he was the seventh child of Emperor Dom Pedro I of Brazil and Empress Dona Maria Leopoldina and thus a member of the Brazilian branch of the House of Braganza. His father's abrupt abdication and flight to Europe in 1831 left a five-year-old Pedro II as Emperor and led to a grim and lonely childhood and adolescence. Obliged to spend his time studying in preparation for rule, he knew only brief moments of happiness and encountered few friends of his age. His experiences with court intrigues and political disputes during this period greatly affected his later character. Pedro II grew into a man with a strong sense of duty and devotion toward his country and his people. On the other hand, he increasingly resented his role as monarch
1826 Henry Wylie Norman a senior Indian Army officer and colonial administrator. He served in the Second Anglo-Sikh War, the campaign against the Kohat Pass Afridis, the suppression of the Santhal rebellion, and the suppression of the Indian Mutiny. He became military member of the Viceroy's Council in 1870, in which role he maintained the policy of ensuring that the Indian Army were less well armed than British troops there to deter another mutiny. As a result he became a member of the Council of India; and in his later years he became Governor of Jamaica and then Governor of Queensland
1830 Louis Léopold Ollier a French surgeon born in Les Vans, department of Ardèche. His father and grandfather were also physicians
1831 Paul du Bois-Reymond a German mathematician who was born in Berlin and died in Freiburg. He was the brother of Emil du Bois-Reymond
1833 Friedrich Daniel von Recklinghausen a German pathologist born in Gütersloh, Westphalia. He was the father of physiologist Heinrich von Recklinghausen
1837 Joseph Bell a Scottish lecturer at the medical school of the University of Edinburgh in the 19th century. He is perhaps best known as an inspiration for the literary character Sherlock Holmes
1840 T. J. Cobden-Sanderson an English artist and bookbinder associated with the Arts and Crafts movement.
1842 Robert Collett a Norwegian zoologist. He worked with vertebrates, primarily fishes. From 1864 he was curator at the Zoological Museum in Oslo. In 1882 he became its director and from 1884 was a professor there. He described many new species of fish, spiders and other organisms
1846 Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau a French Republican statesman.
1848 Mary Slessor a Scottish missionary to Nigeria. Her work and strong personality allowed her to be trusted and accepted by the locals while spreading Christianity, protecting native children and promoting women's rights
1851 Georges C.Chr. Rouy Rouy, or Georges Rouy, was a French botanist who was among the first to identify infraspecific taxa, including: subspecies, varieties, and forms
1854 Karim bey Mehmandarov an Azerbaijani physician, M.D. of Medical-Surgical Academy, one of the first Azerbaijanis who have graduated from the Medico-Surgical Academy in Petersburg, one of the leaders of the Shusha educational society "Neshr Maarif", founder of the first Russian-Azerbaijani Shusha school for girls.
1854 Paul Reichard a German explorer who traveled extensively in Africa. His discoveries led to the establishment of the German East Africa Protectorate
1855 N. G. Chandavarkar an early Indian National Congress politician and Hindu reformer. He was regarded by some as the "leading Hindu reformer of western India"
1856 Robert Kajanus a Finnish conductor and composer. He was of Swedish descent
1859 Georges Seurat a French Post-Impressionist painter and draftsman.
1863 Charles Edward Ringling one of the Ringling brothers, who owned the Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus. He was in charge of production and greatly admired by the employees, who called him "Mr. Charlie" and sought his advice and help even for personal problems
1865 Princess Olga Paley the second wife of Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia.
1865 Louis Zutter a Swiss gymnast. He competed at the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens
1866 Harry Burleigh an African-American classical composer, arranger, and professional singer. He was the first black composer to be instrumental in the development of a characteristically American music and he helped to make black music available to classically trained artists both by introducing them to the music and by arranging the music in a more classical form
1868 George VI of Armenia the Catholicos of the Armenian Apostolic Church from 1945 to 1954.