December 22 events in history

69 Emperor Vitellius is captured and murdered at the Gemonian stairs in Rome
880 Luoyang, eastern capital of the Tang Dynasty, is captured by rebel leader Huang Chao during the reign of Emperor Xizong
1135 Stephen of Blois becomes King of England
1216 Pope Honorius III approves the Dominican Order through the papal bull of confirmation Religiosam vitam
1622 Bucaramanga is founded
1769 Sino-Burmese War (1765–1769) ends with an uneasy truce
1790 The Turkish fortress of Izmail is stormed and captured by Alexander Suvorov and his Russian armies
1807 The Embargo Act, forbidding trade with all foreign countries, is passed by the U.S. Congress, at the urging of President Thomas Jefferson
1808 Ludwig van Beethoven conducts and performs in concert at the Theater an der Wien, Vienna, with the premiere of his Fifth Symphony, Sixth Symphony, Fourth Piano Concerto (performed by Beethoven himself) and Choral Fantasy (with Beethoven at the piano)
1851 India's first freight train is operated in Roorkee, India
1864 Savannah, Georgia falls to General William Tecumseh Sherman, concluding his "March to the Sea"
1885 Itō Hirobumi, a samurai, became the first Prime Minister of Japan
1890 Cornwallis Valley Railway begins operation between Kentville and Kingsport, Nova Scotia
1891 Asteroid 323 Brucia becomes the first asteroid discovered using photography
1894 The Dreyfus affair begins in France, when Alfred Dreyfus is wrongly convicted of treason
1920 The GOELRO economic development plan is adopted by the 8th Congress of Soviets of the Russian SFSR
1937 The Lincoln Tunnel opens to traffic in New York, New York
1939 Indian Muslims observe a "Day of Deliverance" to celebrate the resignations of members of the Indian National Congress over their not having been consulted over the decision to enter World War II with the United Kingdom
1940 World War II: Himarë is captured by the Greek army
1942 World War II: Adolf Hitler signs the order to develop the V-2 rocket as a weapon
1944 World War II: Battle of the Bulge – German troops demand the surrender of United States troops at Bastogne, Belgium, prompting the famous one word reply by General Anthony McAuliffe: "Nuts!"
1944 World War II: The Vietnam People's Army is formed to resist Japanese occupation of Indochina, now Vietnam
1947 The Constituent Assembly of Italy approves the Constitution of Italy
1951 The Selangor Labour Party is founded in Selangor, Malaya
1956 Colo, the first gorilla to be bred in captivity, is born at the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium in Ohio
1963 The cruise ship Lakonia burns 180 miles (290 km) north of Madeira, Portugal with the loss of 128 lives
1964 The first test flight of the SR-71 (Blackbird) took place at Air Force Plant 42 in Palmdale, California
1965 In the United Kingdom, a 70 mph speed limit is applied to all rural roads including motorways for the first time. Previously, there had been no speed limit
1974 Grande Comore, Anjouan and Mohéli vote to become the independent nation of Comoros. Mayotte remains under French administration
1974 The house of former British Prime Minister Edward Heath is attacked by members of the Provisional IRA
1978 The pivotal Third Plenum of the 11th National Congress of the Communist Party of China is held in Beijing, with Deng Xiaoping reversing Mao-era policies to pursue a program for Chinese economic reform
1984 Bernhard Goetz shoots four African American would-be muggers on an express train in Manhattan section of New York, New York
1987 In Zimbabwe, the political parties ZANU and ZAPU reach an agreement that ends the violence in the Matabeleland region known as the Gukurahundi
1988 Chico Mendes, a Brazilian rubber tapper, unionist and environmental activist, is assassinated
1989 Communist President of Romania Nicolae Ceaușescu is overthrown by Ion Iliescu after days of bloody confrontations. The deposed dictator and his wife flee Bucharest with a helicopter as protesters erupt in cheers
1989 Berlin's Brandenburg Gate re-opens after nearly 30 years, effectively ending the division of East and West Germany
1990 Final independence of Marshall Islands and Federated States of Micronesia after termination of trusteeship
1990 The Croatian Parliament adopts the current Constitution of Croatia
1991 Armed opposition groups launch a military coup against President of Georgia Zviad Gamsakhurdia
1992 The Archives of Terror are discovered
1997 Acteal massacre: Attendees at a prayer meeting of Roman Catholic activists for indigenous causes in the small village of Acteal in the Mexican state of Chiapas are massacred by paramilitary forces
1997 Hussein Farrah Aidid relinquishes the disputed title of President of Somalia by signing the Cairo Declaration, in Cairo, Egypt. It is the first major step towards reconciliation in Somalia since 1991
1999 Korean Air Cargo Flight 8509, a Boeing 747-200F crashes shortly after take-off from London Stansted Airport due to pilot error. All 4 crew members are killed
2001 Burhanuddin Rabbani, political leader of the Northern Alliance, hands over power in Afghanistan to the interim government headed by President Hamid Karzai
2001 Richard Reid attempts to destroy a passenger airliner by igniting explosives hidden in his shoes aboard American Airlines Flight 63
2008 An ash dike ruptured at a solid waste containment area in Roane County, Tennessee, releasing 1.1 billion US gallons (4,200,000 m3) of coal fly ash slurry
2010 The repeal of the Don't ask, don't tell policy, the 17-year-old policy banning homosexuals serving openly in the United States military, is signed into law by President Barack Obama