Born on December 23

484 Huneric King of the Vandals and the oldest son of Genseric. He dropped the imperial politics of his father and concentrated mainly on internal affairs. He was married to Eudocia, daughter of western Roman Emperor Valentinian III and Licinia Eudoxia. She left him, probably in 472. She had one son by him, Hilderic
1173 Louis I Duke of Bavaria the Duke of Bavaria in 1183 and Count Palatine of the Rhine in 1214. He was a son of Otto I and his wife Agnes of Loon. Louis was married to Ludmilla, a daughter of Duke Frederick of Bohemia
1499 Stephen Zápolya Palatine of the Kingdom of Hungary between 1492 and 1499.
1513 Thomas Smith (diplomat) an English scholar and diplomat.
1525 John Albert I Duke of Mecklenburg the reigning Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow from 1547 to 1556 and of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 1556 to 1576. In 1549 John Albert I saw to it that the parliament of Mecklenburg carried through the Reformation for the entire Duchy
1544 Anna of Saxony the heiress of Maurice, Elector of Saxony, and Agnes, eldest daughter of Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse. Maurice's only son, Albert, died in infancy. Anna was the second wife of William the Silent
1582 Severo Bonini an Italian composer, organist and writer on music.
1597 Martin Opitz a German poet, regarded as the greatest of that nation during his lifetime.
1605 Tianqi Emperor the 15th emperor of the Ming dynasty from 1620 to 1627. Born Zhu Youxiao, he was the Taichang Emperor's eldest son. His era name means "Heavenly opening"
1613 Carl Gustaf Wrangel a high-ranking Swedish noble, statesman and military commander in the Thirty Years', Torstenson, Bremen, Second Northern and Scanian Wars.
1617 Magdalene Sibylle of Saxony the Princess of Denmark from 1634 to 1647 as the wife of Prince-Elect Christian of Denmark, and the Duchess consort of Saxe-Altenburg as the wife of Duke Frederick Wilhelm II.
1621 Edmund Berry Godfrey an English magistrate whose mysterious death caused anti-Catholic uproar in England. Contemporary documents also spell the name Edmundbury Godfrey
1621 Heneage Finch 1st Earl of Nottingham descended from the old family of Finch, many of whose members had attained high legal eminence, and was the eldest son of Sir Heneage Finch, Recorder of London, by his first wife Frances Bell, daughter of Sir Edmond Bell of Beaupre Hall, Norfolk.
1634 William Hamilton Duke of Hamilton Duke of Hamilton in the Peerage of Scotland due to his marriage to Anne Hamilton, 3rd Duchess of Hamilton, which also allowed him to use his wife's subsidiary titles during his lifetime and to take the name Hamilton for him and their descendents. Born Lord William Douglas, he was the son of William Douglas, 1st Marquess of Douglas and his second wife Lady Mary Gordon, a daughter of George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly
1648 Robert Barclay a Scottish Quaker, one of the most eminent writers belonging to the Religious Society of Friends and a member of the Clan Barclay. He was also governor of the East Jersey colony in North America through most of the 1680s, although he himself never resided in the colony
1655 Franz Lefort a Russian military figure of Swiss origin, general admiral , and close associate of Peter the Great.
1689 Joseph Bodin de Boismortier a French baroque composer of instrumental music, cantatas, opéra-ballets, and vocal music. Boismortier was one of the first composers to have no patrons: having obtained a royal license for engraving music in 1724, he made enormous sums of money by publishing his music for sale to the public
1713 Maruyama Gondazaemon a sumo wrestler. He is formally recognised as the third yokozuna. His real name was Haga Gindayu. He came from a village in the Sendai Domain
1714 Ranieri de' Calzabigi an Italian poet and librettist, most famous for his collaboration with the composer Christoph Willibald Gluck on his "reform" operas.
1716 Johann Heinrich Rolle a German baroque composer.
1725 Ahmad Shah Bahadur born to Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah. He succeeded his father to the throne as the 15th Mughal Emperor in the year 1748 at the age of 22. When Ahmed Shah Bahadur came to power the rule of the Mughal Empire was collapsing, furthermore his administrative weaknesses eventually led to the rise of the usurping Imad-ul-Mulk
1732 Richard Arkwright an inventor and a leading entrepreneur during the early Industrial Revolution. Although the patents were eventually overturned, he is credited with inventing the spinning frame, which, following the transition to water power, was renamed the water frame. He also patented a rotary carding engine that transformed raw cotton into cotton lap
1733 Jean Baptiste Antoine Auget de Montyon a French philanthropist, born in Paris.
1750 Frederick Augustus I of Saxony King of Saxony from the House of Wettin. He was also Elector Frederick Augustus III of Saxony and Duke Frederick Augustus I of Warsaw. The Augustusplatz in Leipzig is named after him
1758 Nathan Wilson a United States Representative from New York. Born in Bolton, Worcester County, Massachusetts, he moved with his family to Greenwich, Hampshire County, Massachusetts, where he attended school. He served two enlistments in Massachusetts regiments during the Revolutionary War in 1777 and 1780 and moved to New Perth , Washington County, New York. He enlisted as a private in the Sixteenth Regiment, Albany County Militia and was appointed by Governor George Clinton in 1791 adjutant in Washington County Militia Regiment. He was town collector in 1801 and 1802 and sheriff of Washington County from 1802 to 1806
1763 Georg Joseph Beer an Austrian ophthalmologist. He is credited with introducing a flap operation for treatment of cataracts , as well as popularizing the instrument used to perform the surgery
1769 William Henry Clinton a British general during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars as well as the First Miguelist War. He was also the grandson of Admiral George Clinton and elder brother of Lieutenant General Sir Henry Clinton
1769 Martin Archer Shee a British portrait painter and president of the Royal Academy.
1777 Alexander I of Russia reigned as Emperor of Russia from 23 March 1801 to 1 December 1825. He was the first Russian King of Poland, reigning from 1815 to 1825, as well as the first Russian Grand Duke of Finland
1779 Alexandre Louis Simon Lejeune a physician and botanist.
1782 Johann Anton Weinmann a German botanist who served as Inspector of the Gardens in Saint Petersburg, Russia. He published a Flora that is the basis of some binomial species identifications
1790 Jean-François Champollion a French scholar, philologist and orientalist, decipherer of the Egyptian hieroglyphs.
1793 Dost Mohammad Khan the founder of the Barakzai dynasty and one of the prominent rulers of Afghanistan during the First Anglo-Afghan War. With the decline of the Durrani dynasty, he became Emir of Afghanistan from 1826 to 1839 and then from 1845 to 1863. An ethnic Pashtun, he was the 11th son of Sardar Payendah Khan who was killed in 1799 by Zaman Shah Durrani. Dost Mohammad's grandfather was Hajji Jamal Khan
1797 Adrien-Henri de Jussieu a French botanist.
1801 Marco Aurelio Zani de Ferranti a classical guitarist and composer.
1802 Sara Coleridge an English author and translator. She was the third child and only daughter of Samuel Taylor Coleridge and his wife Sarah Fricker
1804 Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve a literary critic of French literature.
1805 Joseph Smith an American religious leader and founder of Mormonism. When he was twenty-four, Smith published the Book of Mormon; and by the time of his death fourteen years later, he had attracted tens of thousands of followers and founded a religion and religious culture that continues to the present
1807 Anthony Mary Claret a Catalan Spanish Roman Catholic archbishop and missionary, and was confessor of Isabella II of Spain. He founded the congregation of Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, commonly called the Claretians
1808 Joseph Geefs a Belgian sculptor. His brothers Guillaume Geefs and Jean Geefs were also sculptors
1808 Pyotr Chikhachyov a Russian naturalist and geologist who was admitted into the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1876 as an honorary member. He authored geographical and geological descriptions of the Altai, Xinjiang , and Asia Minor. One of the Altai mountain ranges is named after him
1810 Edward Blyth an English zoologist and pharmacist. He was one of the founders of zoology in India
1810 Karl Richard Lepsius a pioneering Prussian Egyptologist and linguist and pioneer of modern archaeology.
1811 Yevdokiya Rostopchina one of the early Russian women poets.
1812 Samuel Smiles a Scottish author and government reformer. He is most known for writing Self-Help, which "elevated to celebrity status: almost overnight, he became a leading pundit and much-consulted guru"
1815 Henry Highland Garnet an African-American abolitionist, minister, educator and orator. An advocate of militant abolitionism, Garnet was a prominent member of the movement that led beyond moral persuasion toward more political action. Renowned for his skills as a public speaker, he urged blacks to take action and claim their own destinies. For a period, he supported emigration of American free blacks to Mexico, Liberia or the West Indies, but the American Civil War ended that effort
1819 Joseph Edmund Jörg a Catholic historian and politician. The son of a subaltern, he first studied theology, then philology and history at Munich. He was a pupil of Johann Döllinger, and was for years his collaborator in his Geschichte der Reformation. In 1852 he was engaged in the Bavarian Record Office, and undertook in the same year the editorship of the Historisch-politische Blätter I which he retained till a short time before his death. For decades his "Zeitläufte", which appeared in this periodical, attracted great attention
1819 Jan Jakob Lodewijk ten Kate a Dutch divine, prose writer and poet. He was born at The Hague
1822 Wilhelm Bauer a Bavarian inventor and engineer who built several hand-powered submarines.
1823 Jozef Van Lerius a Belgian painter in the Romantic-Historical style.