Died on December 27

418 Pope Zosimus reigned from 18 March 417 to his death in 418. He was born in Mesoraca, Calabria
683 Emperor Gaozong of Tang the third emperor of the Tang Dynasty in China, ruling from 649 to 683. Emperor Gaozong was the son of Emperor Taizong and Empress Zhangsun
1005 Nilus the Younger a monk, abbot, and founder of Italo-Greek monasticism in southern Italy. He is venerated as a saint in the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches, and his feast day is celebrated on September 26
1076 Sviatoslav II of Kiev Grand Prince of Kiev between 1073 and 1076. He was born as a younger son of Grand Prince Yaroslav the Wise. His baptismal name was Nicholas
1087 Bertha of Savoy the first wife of Emperor Henry IV, and was Queen of Germany and Holy Roman Empress.
1381 Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl of March son of Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March, by his wife Philippa, daughter of William Montagu, 1st Earl of Salisbury and Catherine Grandison.
1534 Antonio da Sangallo the Elder an Italian Renaissance architect who specialized in the design of fortifications.
1543 George Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach a Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach from the House of Hohenzollern.
1548 Francesco Spiera a Protestant Italian jurist. The manner of his death was the subject of numerous religious tracts
1585 Pierre de Ronsard a French poet and "prince of poets".
1603 Thomas Cartwright (theologian) an English Puritan churchman.
1633 Meletius Smotrytsky a writer, a religious and pedagogical activist of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, a Ruthenian linguist whose works influenced the development of the Eastern Slavic languages. His book "Slavonic Grammar with Correct Syntax" systematized the study of Church Slavonic and, according to Vinokur, "became the standard grammar book in Russia right up till the end of the 18th century." He believed in the revival of the Orthodox religion in traditionally Slavic lands centered in the Tsardom of Moscow
1637 Vincenzo Giustiniani an aristocratic Italian banker, art collector and intellectual of the late 16th and early 17th centuries, known today largely for the Giustiniani art collection, assembled at Palazzo Giustiniani, close by the Pantheon, Rome, and at the family palazzo at Bassano by Vincenzo and his brother, Cardinal Benedetto, and for his patronage of the artist Caravaggio.
1656 Andrew White (Jesuit) an English Jesuit missionary who was involved in the founding of the Maryland colony. He was a chronicler of the early colony, and his writings are a primary source on the land, the Native Americans of the area, and the Jesuit mission in North America. For his efforts in converting and educating the native population, he is frequently referred to as the "Apostle of Maryland." He is considered a forefather of Georgetown University, and is memorialized in the name of its White-Gravenor building, a central location of offices and classrooms on the university's campus
1663 Christine Marie of France the sister of Louis XIII and the Duchess of Savoy by marriage. At the death of her husband Victor Amadeus I in 1637, she acted as regent of Savoy between 1637 and 1648
1683 Maria Francisca of Savoy twice queen consort of Portugal as the spouse of two Portuguese kings. She first became queen of Portugal at the age of 20 on the day of her marriage to Afonso Since the marriage was never consummated, she was able to obtain an annulment. On 28 March 1668, she married Afonso's brother, the Infante Peter, Duke of Beja, who was appointed prince regent the same year due to Afonso's perceived incompetence. Maria Francisca became queen of Portugal for the second time when Peter succeeded his brother as Peter II in 1683. She herself died later that year
1704 Hans Albrecht von Barfus a field marshal in the service of Brandenburg and Prussia, serving briefly as prime minister under King Frederick I.
1707 Jean Mabillon a French Benedictine monk and scholar, considered the founder of palaeography and diplomatics.
1737 William Bowyer (1663–1737) apprenticed to a Miles Flesher in 1679, made a liveryman of The Stationers' and Newspaper Makers' Company in 1700, and nominated as one of the twenty printers allowed by the Star Chamber.
1737 Victor-Marie d'Estrées a Marshal of France.
1771 Henri Pitot a French hydraulic engineer and the inventor of the pitot tube.
1782 Henry Home Lord Kames a Scottish advocate, judge, philosopher, writer and agricultural improver. A central figure of the Scottish Enlightenment, a founder member of the Philosophical Society of Edinburgh, and active in the Select Society, his protégés included James Boswell, David Hume and Adam Smith
1800 Hugh Blair a Scottish minister of religion, author and rhetorician, considered one of the first great theorists of written discourse.
1801 Darya Nikolayevna Saltykova a Russian murderer and noble from Moscow who became notorious for torturing and killing over 100 of her serfs, mostly women and girls.
1805 Isabelle de Charrière a Dutch writer of the Enlightenment who lived the latter half of her life in Switzerland. She is now best known for her letters and novels, although she also wrote pamphlets, music and plays. She took a keen interest in the society and politics of her age, and her work around the time of the French Revolution is regarded as being of particular interest
1812 Duke George of Oldenburg a younger son of Peter I, Grand Duke of Oldenburg and his wife Duchess Frederica of Württemberg. He was a son-in-law of Paul I of Russia through marriage to his daughter Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia. He was referred to as a prince in Russia, Prince Georgy Petrovich Oldenburgsky
1814 Joanna Southcott a self-described religious prophetess. She was born at Taleford, and raised in the village of Gittisham in Devon, England
1817 Jean Baptiste Camille Canclaux a French general during the French Revolution, a commander in chief, and a pair de France.
1820 Sir Thomas Gage 7th Baronet an English botanist, from a junior branch of the Gage family of Firle, Sussex. The woodland flower Gagea is named in his honour
1825 Mikhail Miloradovich a Russian general of Serbian origin, prominent during the Napoleonic Wars. He entered military service on the eve of the Russo-Swedish War of 1788–1790 and his career advanced rapidly during the reign of Paul He served under Alexander Suvorov during Italian and Swiss campaigns of 1799
1825 Philipp Gottfried Gaertner a German botanist.
1834 Charles Lamb an English writer and essayist, best known for his Essays of Elia and for the children's book Tales from Shakespeare, which he produced with his sister, Mary Lamb.
1836 Stephen F. Austin an American empresario born in Virginia and raised in southeastern Missouri. Known as the Father of Texas, he led the second, and ultimately successful, colonization of the region by bringing 300 families from the United States. The capital of Texas, Austin in Travis County, Austin County, Austin Bayou, Stephen Austin State University in Nacogdoches, Austin College in Sherman, and a number of K-12 schools are named in his honor
1849 Jacques-Laurent Agasse an animal and landscape painter from Switzerland.
1858 Alexandre Pierre François Boëly a French composer, organist, and pianist. Born into a family of musicians, Boëly received his first music lessons from his father, Jean François, who was a countertenor at the Sainte-Chapelle in Paris and a composer and harp teacher at the court of Versailles. He also studied under the Tyrolian pianist Ignaz Ladurner, who introduced him to the work of Bach and Haydn, which Boëly would champion in his adult career. Besides mastering the piano and organ, Boëly was also a talented violist
1871 Carl Ferdinand Allen a Danish historian. He studied at the University of Copenhagen
1873 Edward Blyth an English zoologist and pharmacist. He was one of the founders of zoology in India
1878 Jean Laborde an adventurer and early industrialist in Madagascar. He became the chief engineer of the Merina monarchy, supervising the creation of a modern manufacturing center under Queen Ranavalona Later he became the first French consul to Madagascar, when the government of Napoleon III used him to establish French influence on the island
1878 Daniel McCallum a railroad engineer, general manager of the New York and Erie Railroad and Union Major General during the American Civil War, known as one of early pioneers of management. He set down a set of general principles of management, and is credited for having developed the first modern organizational chart
1880 Alessandro Nini an Italian composer of operas and church music, also chamber music and symphonies. Of the eight operas he composed, La marescialla d'Ancre is considered his best work. He also contributed to a portion of Messa per Rossini. Specifically the fifth section of Sequentia, Ingemisco for solo tenor and chorus
1883 Andrew A. Humphreys a career United States Army officer, civil engineer, and a Union General in the American Civil War. He served in senior positions in the Army of the Potomac, including division command, chief of staff, and corps command, and was Chief Engineer of the U.S. Army
1889 Eduard Bendemann a German painter.
1891 Aleksander Chodźko a Polish poet, Slavist, and Iranologist.
1891 Antonio Arenas the interim President of Peru, officially the President of the Government Junta of Peru, from December 3, 1885 to July 5, 1886.
1891 Amalia Lindegren a Swedish artist and painter. She was a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Arts
1893 Victor Prosper Considerant a French utopian Socialist and disciple of Fourier. Contrary to a common error, his name is not written Considérant as he explained:
1894 Francis II of the Two Sicilies King of the Two Sicilies from 1859 to 1861. He was the last King of the Two Sicilies, as successive invasions by Giuseppe Garibaldi and Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia ultimately brought an end to his rule, and marked the first major event of Italian unification. After he was deposed, the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and the Kingdom of Sardinia were merged into the newly formed Kingdom of Italy
1896 John Brown (industrialist) born in Sheffield. He was known as the Father of the South Yorkshire Iron Trade
1898 Juljan Oktawjan Zacharjewicz a Polish architect and renovator, father of Alfred Zachariewicz. He was born in Lemberg, Austrian Empire to a Polish family. Zachariewicz was a graduate of the Royal Polytechnic Institute in Vienna, and a professor and rector of the Lemberg Polytechnic. He designed, among others, the railway station in Jassi and the building of the Lemberg Polytechnic. He died in Lemberg and was interred at the Lychakiv Cemetery
1899 Henri Evenepoel a Belgian artist whose most important works are associated with Fauvism.