December 27 events in history

537 The Hagia Sophia is completed
1512 The Spanish Crown issues the Laws of Burgos, governing the conduct of settlers with regard to native Indians in the New World
1655 Second Northern War/the Deluge: Monks at the Jasna Góra Monastery in Częstochowa are successful in fending off a month-long siege
1657 The Flushing Remonstrance is signed
1703 Portugal and England sign the Methuen Treaty which gives preference to Portuguese imported wines into England
1814 War of 1812: The American schooner USS Carolina is destroyed. It was the last of Commodore Daniel Patterson's makeshift fleet that fought a series of delaying actions that contributed to Andrew Jackson's victory at the Battle of New Orleans
1831 Charles Darwin embarks on his journey aboard the HMS Beagle, during which he will begin to formulate the theory of evolution
1836 The worst ever avalanche in England occurs at Lewes, Sussex, killing 8 people
1845 Ether anesthetic is used for childbirth for the first time by Dr. Crawford Long in Jefferson, Georgia
1845 Journalist John L. O'Sullivan, writing in his newspaper the New York Morning News, argues that the United States had the right to claim the entire Oregon Country "by the right of our manifest destiny"
1911 "Jana Gana Mana", the national anthem of India, is first sung in the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress
1918 The Great Poland Uprising against the Germans begins
1922 Japanese aircraft carrier Hōshō becomes the first purpose built aircraft carrier to be commissioned in the world
1923 Daisuke Namba, a Japanese student, tries to assassinate the Prince Regent Hirohito
1927 Show Boat, considered to be the first true American musical play, opens at the Ziegfeld Theatre on Broadway
1929 Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin orders the "liquidation of the kulaks as a class", ostensibly as an effort to spread socialism to the countryside
1932 Radio City Music Hall, "Showplace of the Nation", opens in New York, New York
1939 Erzincan, Turkey is hit by an earthquake, killing 30,000
1939 Winter War: Finland holds off a Soviet attack in the Battle of Kelja
1942 The Union of Pioneers of Yugoslavia is founded
1945 The World Bank and International Monetary Fund are created with the signing of an agreement by 29 nations
1949 Indonesian National Revolution: The Netherlands officially recognizes Indonesian independence. End of the Dutch East Indies
1966 The Cave of Swallows, the largest known cave shaft in the world, is discovered in Aquismón, San Luis Potosí, Mexico
1968 Apollo program: Apollo 8 splashes down in the Pacific Ocean, ending the first orbital manned mission to the Moon
1978 Spain becomes a democracy after 40 years of dictatorship
1979 The Soviet Union invades the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
1983 Pope John Paul II visits Mehmet Ali Ağca in Rebibbia's prison and personally forgives him for the 1981 attack on him in St. Peter's Square
1985 Palestinian guerrillas kill eighteen people inside the airports of Rome, Italy, and Vienna, Austria
1989 The Romanian Revolution concludes, as the last minor street confrontations and stray shootings abruptly end in the country's capital, Bucharest
1996 Taliban forces retake the strategic Bagram Airfield which solidifies their buffer zone around Kabul, Afghanistan
1997 Protestant paramilitary leader Billy Wright is assassinated in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
2001 China is granted permanent normal trade relations with the United States
2002 Two truck bombs kill 72 and wound 200 at the pro-Moscow headquarters of the Chechen government in Grozny, Chechnya, Russia
2004 Radiation from an explosion on the magnetar SGR 1806-20 reaches Earth. It is the brightest extrasolar event known to have been witnessed on the planet
2007 Former Pakistani prime minister Benazir Bhutto is assassinated in a shooting incident
2007 Riots erupt in Mombasa, Kenya, after Mwai Kibaki is declared the winner of the presidential election, triggering a political, economic, and humanitarian crisis
2008 Operation Cast Lead: Israel launches 3-week operation on Gaza
2009 Iranian election protests: On the Day of Ashura in Tehran, Iran, government security forces fire upon demonstrators