Born on December 28

1164 Emperor Rokujō the 79th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1165 through 1168
1434 Antonio Grimani the Doge of Venice from 1521 to 1523.
1510 Nicholas Bacon (Lord Keeper) an English politician during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I of England, notable as Lord Keeper of the Great Seal. He was the father of the philosopher and statesman Sir Francis Bacon
1522 Margaret of Parma Governor of the Netherlands from 1559 to 1567 and from 1578 to 1582. She was the illegitimate daughter of the then 22-year-old Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Johanna Maria van der Gheynst. She was a Duchess of Florence and a Duchess of Parma and Piacenza by marriage
1540 Charles I Duke of Mecklenburg the reigning Duke of Mecklenburg in the Mecklenburg-Güstrow part of the country.
1550 Vicente Espinel a Spanish writer and musician of the Siglo de Oro.
1619 Antoine Furetière born in Paris.
1630 Ludolf Bakhuizen a German-born Dutch Golden Age painter who was the leading Dutch painter of maritime subjects after the two Willem van de Veldes left for England in 1672.
1635 Elizabeth Stuart (1635–1650) the second daughter of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland and his wife, Henrietta Maria of France. From the age of six until her early death at the age of fourteen she was a prisoner of Parliament during the English Civil War. Her emotional written account of her final meeting with her father on the eve of his execution and his final words to his children have been published in numerous histories about the war and King Charles I
1651 Johann Krieger a German composer and organist, younger brother of Johann Philipp Krieger. Born in Nuremberg, he worked at Bayreuth, Zeitz, and Greiz before settling in Zittau. He was one of the most important keyboard composers of his day, highly esteemed by, among others, George Frideric Handel. A prolific composer of church and secular music, he published several dozen of his works, and others survive in manuscript. However, hundreds more were lost when Zittau was destroyed by fire in 1757, during the Seven Years' War
1655 Charles Cornwallis 3rd Baron Cornwallis a British politician who served as First Lord of the Admiralty. He succeeded his father as Baron Cornwallis in 1673. On December 27th of that year, at Westminster Abbey, he married Elizabeth Fox , daughter of Sir Stephen Fox. Their son Charles succeeded him as 4th Baron Cornwallis. After Elizabeth's death, he married Anne Scott, 1st Duchess of Buccleuch, widow of James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth
1659 François Catrou a French historian, translator, and Jesuit priest.
1665 George FitzRoy 1st Duke of Northumberland the third and youngest illegitimate son of King Charles II and his mother Barbara Villiers, Countess of Castlemaine. On 1 October 1674, he was created Earl of Northumberland, Baron of Pontefract and Viscount Falmouth. On 6 April 1683, he was created Duke of Northumberland
1717 Johann Heinrich Gottlob Justi one of the leading German political economists in the 18th century.
1722 John Pitcairn a British Marine officer who was stationed in Boston, Massachusetts at the start of the American Revolutionary War.
1731 Christian Cannabich a German violinist, composer, and Kapellmeister of the Classical era. A composer of some 200 works, he continued the legacy of Johann Stamitz and helped turn the Mannheim orchestra into what Charles Burney described as "the most complete and best disciplined in Europe.". The orchestra was particularly noted for the carefully graduated crescendos and diminuendos characteristic of the Mannheim school. Together with Stamitz and the other composers of the Mannheim court, he helped develop the orchestral texture that paved the way for the orchestral treatment of the First Viennese School
1732 Constantine II of Kakheti a king of Kakheti in eastern Georgia of the Bagrationi Dynasty from 1722 to 1732.
1745 Juan de Ayala a Spanish naval officer who played a significant role in the European exploration of California, since he and the crew of his ship the San Carlos are the first Europeans known to have entered the San Francisco Bay.
1763 John Molson an English-speaking Quebecer who was a major brewer and entrepreneur in Canada, starting the Molson Brewing Company.
1769 Auguste Hilarion comte de Kératry a French poet, novelist, short story writer, literary critic, historian, and politician. He was the father of Emile de Kératry
1775 João Domingos Bomtempo a Portuguese classical pianist, composer and pedagogue.
1775 Jean-Gabriel Eynard a Swiss banker.
1789 Thomas Ewing a National Republican and Whig politician from Ohio. He served in the U.S. Senate as well as serving as the Secretary of the Treasury and the first Secretary of the Interior. He is also known as the foster father of famous American Civil War general William Tecumseh Sherman
1798 Thomas Henderson (astronomer) a Scottish astronomer and mathematician noted for being the first person to measure the distance to Alpha Centauri, the major component of the nearest stellar system to Earth, and for being the first Astronomer Royal for Scotland.
1800 Jean-Pierre Dantan a French portrait sculptor. His subjects include many famous figures from the realms of politics , music and the arts , and literature. He is said to be the inventor of the sculptural caricature
1800 Vasily Sadovnikov a Russian painter, and a leading Russian master of perspective painting.
1802 Marie Theodor Ratisbonne a noted Jewish convert to the Catholic Church, who became a priest and missionary and who later founded the Congregation of Our Lady of Sion. He was the brother of Maria Alphonse Ratisbonne, who joined him in this effort
1812 Julius Rietz a German composer, conductor and cellist. He was a teacher among whose students were Woldemar Bargiel, Salomon Jadassohn, Arthur O'Leary, and Arthur Sullivan. See: List of music students by teacher#Julius Rietz. He also edited many works by Felix Mendelssohn for publication
1813 Irineu Evangelista de Sousa Viscount of Mauá a Brazilian entrepreneur, industrialist, banker and politician. Born to a family of small estancieiros , Mauá became one of the world's richest men; by 1867, his wealth was larger than the annual budget of the Brazilian Empire. He was called the Rothschild of the South American continent by the New York Times in 1871. He received the titles of baron and visconde com grandeza of Mauá. A pioneer in several areas of the economy of Brazil, one of his greatest achievements was to start the construction of the Mauá Railroad, the first railroad in Brazil
1818 Carl Remigius Fresenius a German chemist, known for his studies in analytical chemistry.
1819 Joaquín Jovellar y Soler a Spanish general who served as the Prime Minister of Spain from September 12, 1875 – December 2, 1875 and governor and captain-general of the Philippines from April 7, 1883 – April 1, 1885.
1822 Sano Tsunetami a Japanese statesman and founder of the Japanese Red Cross Society. His son, Admiral Sano Tsuneha, was a leading figure in the establishment of the Scout Association of Japan
1822 William B. Taliaferro a United States Army officer, a lawyer, legislator, and Confederate general in the American Civil War.
1828 Karl Ludwig Kahlbaum a German psychiatrist.
1835 Archibald Geikie a Scottish geologist and writer.
1837 Benjamin Johnson Lang an American conductor, pianist, organist, teacher and composer. He introduced a large amount of music to American audiences, including the world premiere of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s Piano Concerto 1, which he conducted in Boston in 1875
1842 Calixa Lavallée a French-Canadian-American musician and Union Army officer during the American Civil War who composed the music for O Canada, which officially became the national anthem of Canada in 1980.
1843 Prentiss Ingraham a Colonel in the Confederate Army, a professional military officer throughout the 1860s and a fiction writer.
1849 Julius Jolly a German scholar and translator of Indian law and medicine.
1849 Herbert von Bismarck a German politician, who served as Foreign Secretary from 1886 to 1890. His political career was closely tied to that of his father, Otto von Bismarck, and he left office a few days after his father's dismissal. He succeeded his father as the 2nd Prince of Bismarck in 1898. He was born in Berlin and died in Friedrichsruh
1850 Francesco Tamagno an Italian operatic tenor who sang with enormous success throughout Europe and America. On 5 February 1887, he sang Otello in the first performance of Giuseppe Verdi's opera. He is also the earliest Italian tenor to have left a sizeable body of recordings of his voice
1856 Woodrow Wilson the 28th President of the United States from 1913 to 1921 and leader of the Progressive Movement. He served as President of Princeton University from 1902 to 1910 and was Governor of New Jersey from 1911 to 1913. He led his Democratic Party to win control of both the White House and Congress in 1912
1859 Karl Eckstein a German entomologist who specialised in Lepidoptera.
1859 Frank William Taussig a U.S. economist and educator. Taussig is credited with creating the foundations of modern trade theory
1859 Venustiano Carranza one of the leaders of the Mexican Revolution. He ultimately became President of Mexico following the overthrow of the dictatorial Victoriano Huerta regime in the summer of 1914, and during his administration the current constitution of Mexico was drafted. He was assassinated near the end of his term of office at the behest of a cabal of army generals resentful at his insistence that his successor be a civilian
1860 Philip Wilson Steer a British painter of landscape and occasional portraits and figure studies. He was a leading figure in the Impressionist movement in Britain
1860 Alexander von Fielitz a German composer.
1864 Henri de Régnier a French symbolist poet, considered one of the most important of France during the early 20th century.
1865 Félix Vallotton a Swiss painter and printmaker associated with Les Nabis. He was an important figure in the development of the modern woodcut
1867 Ambrosius Gudko bishop of Sarapul and Yelabug. He was canonized as a Russian Saint by the Russian Orthodox Church in 2000