Died on December 28

1218 Robert II Count of Dreux the eldest surviving son of Robert I, Count of Dreux, and Agnes de Baudemont, countess of Braine, and a grandson of King Louis VI of France.
1297 Hugh Aycelin a French Cardinal. He was also known as Hughes of Billom , Ugo Billomo, Hughes Séguin, Ugo Seguin de Billon, Hughes Aycelin de Montaigut and Hugues Séguin de Billon
1342 Bartolomeo Gradenigo the 53rd Doge of Venice from November 7, 1339 until his death.
1367 Ashikaga Yoshiakira the 2nd shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1358 to 1367 during the Muromachi period of Japan. Yoshiakira was the son of the founder and first shogun of the Muromachi shogunate, Ashikaga Takauji. His mother was and Akahashi Tōshi, also known as and Hōjō Tōshi
1394 Maria Angelina Doukaina Palaiologina the self-proclaimed basilissa of Epirus from 1384 to 1385, succeeding the rule of her murdered husband Thomas Preljubović.
1441 Catherine of Brunswick-Lüneburg a member of the House of Welf, a princess of Brunswick-Lüneburg and by marriage, the Electress of Saxony.
1446 Antipope Clement VIII one of the antipopes of the Avignon line, reigning from 10 June 1423 to 26 July 1429. He was born in Teruel between 1369–1370, as Gil Sánchez Muñoz y Carbón, and died on 28 December 1446
1503 Piero the Unfortunate the Gran maestro of Florence from 1492 until his exile in 1494.
1524 Johann von Staupitz a theologian, university preacher, Vicar-General of the Augustinian Order in Germany who supervised Martin Luther during a critical period in that man's spiritual life. Martin Luther himself remarked, "If it had not been for Staupitz, I should have sunk in hell." Although he died as a Catholic monk and had repudiated the Reformation, he is commemorated on 8 November as a priest in the Calendar of Saints of the Lutheran Church
1542 Albert Pighius a Dutch Roman Catholic theologian, mathematician, and astronomer.
1547 Konrad Peutinger a German humanist, diplomat, politician, and economist. A senior official in the municipal government of the Imperial City of Augsburg, he served as a counselor to Emperor Maximilian I and his successor Charles Also known as a passionate antiquarian, he collected, with the help of his wife Margareta Welser , one of the largest private libraries north of the Alps
1558 Hermann Finck a German composer.
1566 Margaret Paleologa an Italian ruler; Marchioness of Montferrat in her own right. She also married into the Gonzaga family, rulers of Mantua, making her Duchess of Mantua by her marriage to Federico II, Duke of Mantua. Margaret was the regent of Mantua as the guardian of her two sons from 1540 until 1556 in companionship with her brother-in-law
1568 Christoph Duke of Württemberg ruled as Duke of Württemberg from 1550 until his death in 1568.
1622 Francis de Sales C.O., O.M., O.F.M. Cap. was a Bishop of Geneva and is honored as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church. He became noted for his deep faith and his gentle approach to the religious divisions in his land resulting from the Protestant Reformation. He is known also for his writings on the topic of spiritual direction and spiritual formation, particularly the Introduction to the Devout Life and the Treatise on the Love of God
1624 Charles of Austria Bishop of Wroclaw Prince-Bishop of Wrocław, Bishop of Brixen and Grandmaster of the Teutonic Knights.
1645 Gaspar de Borja y Velasco a Spanish cardinal, ecclesiastic and politician. He belonged to the house of Borgia and served as Primate of Spain, Archbishop of Seville, Archbishop of Toledo and viceroy of Naples
1650 Bartol Kašić Jesuit clergyman and grammarian during the Counter-Reformation, who wrote the first Croatian grammar and translated the Bible and the Roman Rite into Croatian.
1663 Francesco Maria Grimaldi an Italian Jesuit priest, mathematician and physicist who taught at the Jesuit college in Bologna. He was born in Bologna to Paride Grimaldi and Anna Cattani
1671 Johann Friedrich Gronovius a German classical scholar and critic.
1694 Mary II of England joint Sovereign of England, Scotland, and Ireland with her husband , William III and II, from 1689 until her death. William and Mary, both Protestants, became king and queen regnant, respectively, following the Glorious Revolution, which resulted in the deposition of her Roman Catholic father, James II and VII. William became sole ruler upon her death in 1694. Popular histories usually refer to their joint reign as that of "William and Mary"
1706 Pierre Bayle a French philosopher and writer best known for his seminal work the Historical and Critical Dictionary, published beginning in 1697.
1708 Joseph Pitton de Tournefort a French botanist, notable as the first to make a clear definition of the concept of genus for plants. The botanist Charles Plumier had been his pupil and accompanied him on his voyages
1715 William Carstares a minister of the Church of Scotland, active in Whig politics.
1718 Jan Brokoff a baroque-era sculptor and carver.
1727 Simon Harcourt 1st Viscount Harcourt Queen Anne's Lord Chancellor of Great Britain. He was her solicitor-general and her commissioner for arranging the union with Scotland. He took part in the negotiations preceding the Peace of Utrecht
1728 Anna Sophie of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg a princess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and Duchess in Saxony by birth, and by marriage a Princess of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.
1734 Rob Roy MacGregor sometimes known as the Scottish Robin Hood.
1735 Ivan Krušala a writer, diplomat, explorer and a Catholic convert from Islam.
1736 Antonio Caldara an Italian Baroque composer.
1757 Princess Caroline of Great Britain the fourth child and third daughter of George II.
1767 Emer de Vattel a Swiss philosopher, diplomat, and legal expert whose theories laid the foundation of modern international law and political philosophy. He was born in Couvet in Neuchatel, Switzerland in 1714 and died in 1767 of edema. He was largely influenced in his philosophy by Gottfried Leibniz and Christian Wolff and strove to integrate their ideas into the legal and political system. He is most famous for his 1758 work Droit des gens; ou, Principes de la loi naturelle appliqués à la conduite et aux affaires des nations et des souverains. This work was his claim to fame and won him enough prestige to be appointed as a councilor to the court of King Augustus III of Saxony
1779 Gennaro Manna an Italian composer based in Naples. His compositional output includes 13 operas and more than 150 sacred works, including several oratorios. See Italian Wikipedia
1782 Princess Maria Carolina of Savoy a Princess of Savoy from her birth. She was the youngest daughter of the future Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and married in 1781 to the Electoral Prince of Saxony. She died of Smallpox aged eighteen
1785 Peter Ernst Wilde a Baltic German physician and Enlightenment era Estophile.
1795 Eugenio Espejo a medical pioneer, writer and lawyer of mestizo origin in colonial Ecuador. Although he was a notable scientist and writer, he stands out as a polemicist who inspired the separatist movement in Quito. He is regarded as one of the most important figures in colonial Ecuador. He was Quito's first journalist and hygienist. As a journalist he spread enlightened ideas in the Royal Audiencia, and as a hygienist he composed an important treatise about sanitary conditions in colonial Ecuador that included interesting remarks about microorganisms and the spreading of disease
1796 Prince Louis Charles of Prussia the second son and third child of Frederick William II of Prussia and Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt.
1800 George XII of Georgia the last king of Georgia from 1798 until his death in 1800. His brief reign in the closing years of the 18th century was marked by significant political instability which implied the near certainty of a civil strife and a Persian invasion. Overwhelmed by the problems in his realm, George renewed a request of protection from Tsar Paul I of Russia. After his death, the Kingdom of Georgia was occupied and absorbed by Imperial Russia, and the royal family was deported from Georgia
1808 Anne Duchess of Cumberland and Strathearn a member of the British Royal Family, the wife of Prince Henry, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn.
1809 Stanisław Małachowski the first Prime Minister of Poland, a member of the Polish government's Permanent Council , Marshal of the Crown Courts of Justice from 1774, Crown Grand Referendary and Marshal of the Four-Year Sejm.
1822 Albert Christoph Dies a German painter, composer, and biographer.
1825 James Wilkinson an American soldier and statesman, who was associated with several scandals and controversies. He served in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, but was twice compelled to resign. He was twice the Senior Officer of the U.S. Army, appointed first Governor of the Louisiana Territory in 1805, and commanded two unsuccessful campaigns in the Lawrence theater during the War of 1812. After his death, he was discovered to have been a paid agent of the Spanish Crown
1837 Boris Orlovsky a Russian Neoclassical sculptor.
1837 Gaspar del Bufalo a Roman Catholic priest and the founder of the Missionaries of the Precious Blood.
1838 Alexandre Louis Simon Lejeune a physician and botanist.
1844 Johann Christian Mikan an Austrian-Czech botanist, zoologist and entomologist. He was the son of Joseph Gottfried Mikan
1849 Quatremère de Quincy a French armchair archaeologist and architectural theorist, a Freemason, and an effective arts administrator and influential writer on art.
1850 Heinrich Christian Schumacher a German-Danish astronomer.
1853 Pierre David de Colbert-Chabanais a general of the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars, noted for his unbreakable loyalty to Napoleon I.
1858 Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (1804–1858) an Archduchess of Austria and the daughter of Franz II, Holy Roman Emperor and his second wife, Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily.