December 29 events in history

1170 Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, is assassinated inside Canterbury Cathedral by followers of King Henry II; he subsequently becomes a saint and martyr in the Anglican Church and the Catholic Church
1427 Army of Ming Dynasty started withdrawing from Hanoi, put an end to the domination of Đại Việt
1508 Portuguese forces under the command of Francisco de Almeida attack Khambhat at the Battle of Dabul
1778 American Revolutionary War: 3,000 British soldiers under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Archibald Campbell capture Savannah, Georgia
1786 French Revolution: The Assembly of Notables is convened
1812 The USS Constitution under the command of Captain William Bainbridge, captures the HMS Java off the coast of Brazil after a three hour battle
1835 The Treaty of New Echota is signed, ceding all the lands of the Cherokee east of the Mississippi River to the United States
1845 In accordance with International Boundary delimitation, United States annexes the Republic of Texas, following the manifest destiny doctrine. The Republic of Texas, which had been independent since the Texas Revolution of 1836, is thereupon admitted as the 28th U.S. state
1851 The first American YMCA opens in Boston, Massachusetts
1860 The first British seagoing ironclad warship, HMS Warrior is launched
1876 The Ashtabula River Railroad Disaster occurs, leaving 64 injured and 92 dead at Ashtabula, Ohio
1890 Wounded Knee Massacre on Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, 300 Lakota killed by the US Army
1911 Mongolia gains independence from the Qing Dynasty, enthroning 9th Jebtsundamba Khutughtu as Khagan of Mongolia
1911 Sun Yat-sen becomes the provisional President of the Republic of China; he formally takes office on January 1, 1912
1914 A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, the first novel by James Joyce, is serialized in The Egoist
1930 Sir Muhammad Iqbal's presidential address in Allahabad introduces the Two nation theory and outlines a vision for the creation of Pakistan
1934 Japan renounces the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930
1937 The Irish Free State is replaced by a new state called Ireland with the adoption of a new constitution
1939 First flight of the Consolidated B-24 Liberator
1940 World War II: In the Second Great Fire of London, the Luftwaffe fire-bombs London, England, UK, killing almost 200 civilians
1949 KC2XAK of Bridgeport, Connecticut becomes the first Ultra high frequency (UHF) television station to operate a daily schedule
1959 Physicist Richard Feynman gives a speech entitled "There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom", which is regarded as the birth of nanotechnology
1959 The Lisbon Metro begins operation
1972 An Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 (a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar) crashes on approach to Miami International Airport, Florida, killing 101
1975 A bomb explodes at LaGuardia Airport in New York, New York, killing 11 people and injuring 74
1989 Riots break-out after Hong Kong decides to forcibly repatriate Vietnamese refugees
1992 Fernando Collor de Mello, president of Brazil, tries to resign amidst corruption charges, but is then impeached
1996 Guatemala and leaders of Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity sign a peace accord ending a 36-year civil war
1997 Hong Kong begins to kill all the nation's 1.25 million chickens to stop the spread of a potentially deadly influenza strain
1998 Leaders of the Khmer Rouge apologize for the 1970s genocide in Cambodia that claimed over 1 million lives
2001 A fire at the Mesa Redonda shopping center in Lima, Peru, kills at least 291
2003 The last known speaker of Akkala Sami dies, rendering the language extinct
2006 UK settles its Anglo-American loan, post-WWII loan debt
2012 A Tupolev Tu-204 airliner crashes in a ditch between the airport fence and the M3 highway after overshooting a runway at Vnukovo International Airport in Moscow, Russia, killing five people and leaving three others critically injured
2013 A suicide bomb attack at the Volgograd-1 railway station in the southern Russian city of Volgograd kills at least 18 people and wounds 40 others