Died on December 3

311 Diocletian a Roman emperor from 284 to 305. Born to a family of low status in the Roman province of Dalmatia, Diocletian rose through the ranks of the military to become cavalry commander to the Emperor Carus. After the deaths of Carus and his son Numerian on campaign in Persia, Diocletian was proclaimed emperor. The title was also claimed by Carus' other surviving son, Carinus, but Diocletian defeated him in the Battle of the Margus. Diocletian's reign stabilized the empire and marks the end of the Crisis of the Third Century. He appointed fellow officer Maximian as augustus, co-emperor, in 286
649 Birinus the first Bishop of Dorchester, and the "Apostle to the West Saxons" for his conversion of the Kingdom of Wessex to Christianity.
1154 Pope Anastasius IV Pope from 9 July 1153 to his death in 1154.
1266 Henry III the White a Duke of Wrocław from 1248 until his death.
1309 Henry III Duke of Głogów a Duke of Głogów from 1274 to his death and also Duke of parts of Greater Poland during 1306–1309.
1463 Louis II of Chalon-Arlay Lord of Arlay and Arguel Prince of Orange. He was he son of John III of Chalon-Arlay and his wife, Mary of Baux-Orange, and the father of William VII of Chalon
1525 Fernando d'Avalos an Italian condottiero of Spanish extraction. As a general of the Spanish army, he participated in the Italian Wars. At the Battle of Ravenna in 1512 he was taken prisoner by the French, but was released at the conclusion of the War of the League of Cambrai. He was the chief commander of the Habsburg armies in Italy during the Habsburg-Valois Wars and defeated the French at Bicocca and Pavia
1533 Vasili III of Russia the Grand Prince of Moscow from 1505 to 1533. He was the son of Ivan III Vasiliyevich and Sophia Paleologue and was christened with the name Gavriil. He had three brothers; Yuri, born in 1480, Simeon, born in 1487 and Andrei, born in 1490, as well as five sisters: Elena , Feodosiya , another Elena , another Feodosiya and Eudoxia
1552 Francis Xavier a Roman Catholic missionary born in Xavier, Kingdom of Navarre , and co-founder of the Society of Jesus. He was a study companion of Ignatius of Loyola and one of the first seven Jesuits who took vows of poverty and chastity at Montmartre, in 1534. He led an extensive mission into Asia, mainly in the Portuguese Empire of the time. He was influential in evangelization work most notably in India. He also ventured into Japan, Borneo, the Maluku Islands, and other areas which had, until then, not been visited by Christian missionaries. In these areas, being a pioneer and struggling to learn the local languages in the face of opposition, he had less success than he had enjoyed in India. It was a goal of Xavier to extend his missionary preaching to China but he died in Shangchuan Island shortly before doing so
1585 Thomas Tallis considered one of England's greatest composers. He is honoured for his original voice in English musicianship. No contemporary portrait of Tallis survives: that painted by Gerard Vandergucht , dates from 150 years after Tallis died, and there is no reason to suppose that it is a likeness. In a rare existing copy of his black letter signature, the composer spelled his last name "Tallys."
1592 Alexander Farnese Duke of Parma Duke of Parma and Piacenza from 1586 to 1592, and Governor of the Spanish Netherlands from 1578 to 1592. He is best known for his successful campaign 1578-1592 against the Dutch Revolt, in which he captured the main cities in the south and returned them to the control of Catholic Spain. His talents as a field commander, strategician and organizer generally earned him the regard of his contemporaries and military historians as the first captain of his age
1610 Honda Tadakatsu a Japanese general of the late Sengoku through early Edo period, who served Tokugawa Ieyasu. Honda Tadakatsu was one of the Tokugawa Four Heavenly Kings along with Ii Naomasa, Sakakibara Yasumasa and Sakai Tadatsugu
1620 Janusz Radziwiłł (1579–1620) a noble and magnate of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. He was the deputy cup-bearer of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania since 1599, the castellan of Vilnius since 1619, and the starost of Borysów. Radziwiłł also held the title of Reichsfürst of the Holy Roman Empire
1706 Countess Emilie Juliane of Barby-Mühlingen a German countess and hymn writer.
1742 Claude Aubriet a French illustrator and botanical artist.
1765 Lord John Sackville the second son of Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset. He was a keen cricketer who was closely connected with the sport in Kent
1766 Giuseppe Nogari an Italian painter of the Rococo. He painted mainly painted half-body portraits, either real or of historical and religious figures. They are striking for their emotional content, subdued decoration and coloration, and often display aged individuals in somewhat homely or shabby attire with a dark background
1778 Göran Rothman a Swedish naturalist, physician and an apostle of Carl Linnaeus.
1789 Claude Joseph Vernet a French painter. His son, Antoine Charles Horace Vernet, was also a painter
1803 Pōmare I the unifier and first king of Tahiti and founder of the Pōmare dynasty and the Kingdom of Tahiti between 1788 and 1791.
1805 Jean-Marie Valhubert born on October 22, 1764, at Avranches in Normandy, and died December 3, 1805 at Brünn. He was a French General during the French Revolution
1815 John Carroll (bishop) the first Roman Catholic bishop and archbishop in the United States, serving as the ordinary of the Archdiocese of Baltimore. He is also known as the founder of Georgetown University, , and of John the Evangelist Parish of Rock Creek, , the first secular parish in the country
1823 Giovanni Battista Belzoni a prolific Italian explorer and pioneer archaeologist of Egyptian antiquities.
1826 Elizabeth Sandunova a Russian Empire stage actress and operatic mezzosoprano.
1826 Levin August Count von Bennigsen a German general in the service of the Russian Empire.
1834 Giuseppe Albani an Italian Roman Catholic Cardinal. Although never a candidate for the Papacy, his role in the election of Leo XII, Pius VIII and Gregory XVI is well-known to papal historians
1838 Reuben James a boatswain's mate of the United States Navy, famous for his heroism in the First Barbary War.
1839 Frederick VI of Denmark King of Denmark from 13 March 1808 to 3 December 1839 and King of Norway from 13 March 1808 to 7 February 1814. From 1784 until his accession, he served as regent during his father's mental illness and was referred to as the "Crown Prince Regent"
1845 Michael Lunin a Russian political philosopher, revolutionary, Mason, Decembrist, a Lieutenant of the Grodno Life Guards regiment and a participant of the Franco-Russian Patriotic War of 1812. After a successful career in the military during the Napoleonic invasion, he became involved with multiple liberal Russian secret societies in the early 19th century, including the Union of Salvation and the Union of Welfare, as well as the Northern Society and the Southern Society. After the Decembrist Revolt took place in 1825, he was arrested due to his affiliations with the men responsible, and was subsequently exiled to a labor camp in Siberia. Lunin spent time in Finnish jails, three different prisons in Siberia, and lived on a farm under the watchful eye of the government during his life as an exile. Known for keeping good spirits and maintaining a firm defiance of autocratic rule, Lunin was eventually imprisoned again for writing in "opposition" to the Russian government, and lived out the rest of his life in a cell
1854 Johann Peter Eckermann best known for his work Conversations with Goethe, the fruit of his association with Johann Wolfgang von Goethe during the last years of Goethe's life.
1855 Elena Aleksandrovna Naryshkina a Russian noblewoman and maid of honour.
1857 Christian Daniel Rauch a German sculptor. He founded the Berlin school of sculpture, and was the foremost German sculptor of the 19th century
1858 Yevdokiya Rostopchina one of the early Russian women poets.
1865 Joseph Marie Quérard a French bibliographer.
1866 Jan Kalivoda a composer, conductor and violinist of Bohemian birth.
1871 John Brady (bishop) the first Roman Catholic Bishop of Perth, serving from 1845 until his death in 1871, despite having been suspended of his functions motu proprio in October 1851 by Pope Pius IX.
1875 Isidore Pils a French painter.
1876 Hermann Köchly a German philologist and educational reformer.
1876 Hermann Goetz a German composer.
1876 Samuel Cooper (general) a career United States Army officer, serving during the Second Seminole War and the Mexican-American War. Although little-known today, Cooper was also the highest ranking Confederate general during the American Civil War. After the conflict, he remained in Virginia as a farmer
1877 Alexandre Debain a French inventor who developed the harmonium. He made a new action system, in which, when depressing a note on the keyboard, a valve opened thereby emitting sound from the instrument. He patented it in Paris in 1842
1882 Sergey Nechayev a Russian revolutionary associated with the Nihilist movement and known for his single-minded pursuit of revolution by any means necessary, including political violence.
1882 Bernhard II Duke of Saxe-Meiningen a Duke of Saxe-Meiningen.
1882 Archibald Tait an Archbishop of Canterbury in the Church of England.
1882 James Challis an English clergyman, physicist and astronomer. Plumian Professor and director of the Cambridge Observatory, he investigated a wide range of physical phenomena though made few lasting contributions outside astronomy. He is best remembered for his missed opportunity to discover the planet Neptune in 1846
1883 Ivan Shestakov a Russian statesman, writer, and admiral.
1885 Pieter Harting a Dutch biologist and naturalist, born in Rotterdam. He made contributions in a number of scientific disciplines, and is remembered for his work in the fields of microscopy, hydrology, botany, and biostratigraphy
1888 Carl Zeiss a German maker of optical instruments best known for the company he founded, Carl Zeiss Jena. Zeiss made contributions to lens manufacturing that have aided the modern production of lenses. Raised in Weimar, Germany, he became a notable lens-maker in the 1840s when he created high-quality lenses that were "wide open", or in other words, had a very large aperture range that allowed for very bright images. He did this in the city of Jena at a self-opened workshop, where he started his lens-making career. At first his lenses were only used in the production of microscopes, but when cameras were invented, his company began manufacturing high-quality lenses for cameras
1890 Billy Midwinter a cricketer who played four Test matches for England, sandwiched in between eight Tests that he played for Australia. Midwinter holds a unique place in cricket history as the only cricketer to have played for Australia and England in Test Matches against each other
1892 Afanasy Fet a Russian poet regarded as one of the finest lyricists in Russian literature.