December 3 events in history

915 Pope John X crowned Berengar I of Italy as Holy Roman Emperor
1799 War of the Second Coalition: Battle of Wiesloch – Austrian Lieutenant Field Marshal Anton Sztáray defeats the French at Wiesloch
1800 War of the Second Coalition: Battle of Hohenlinden – French General Moreau decisively defeats the Archduke John of Austria near Munich. Coupled with First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte's earlier victory at Marengo, this will force the Austrians to sign an armistice and end the war
1818 Illinois becomes the 21st U.S. state
1834 The Zollverein (German Customs Union) begins the first regular census in Germany
1854 Battle of the Eureka Stockade: More than 20 gold miners at Ballarat, Victoria, are killed by state troopers in an uprising over mining licences
1898 The Duquesne Country and Athletic Club defeated an all-star collection of early football players 16-0, in what is considered to be the very first all-star game for professional American football
1901 In a State of the Union message, U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt asks Congress to curb the power of trusts "within reasonable limits"
1904 The Jovian moon Himalia is discovered by Charles Dillon Perrine at California's Lick Observatory
1910 Modern neon lighting is first demonstrated by Georges Claude at the Paris Motor Show
1912 Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, and Serbia (the Balkan League) sign an armistice with the Ottoman Empire, temporarily halting the First Balkan War. (The armistice will expire on February 3, 1913, and hostilities will resume.)
1919 After nearly 20 years of planning and construction, including two collapses causing 89 deaths, the Quebec Bridge opens to traffic
1925 World War I aftermath: The final Locarno Treaty is signed in London, establishing post-war territorial settlements
1927 Putting Pants on Philip, the first Laurel and Hardy film, is released
1944 Greek Civil War: Fighting breaks out in Athens between the ELAS and government forces supported by the British Army
1959 The current flag of Singapore is adopted, six months after Singapore became self-governing within the British Empire
1960 The musical Camelot debuts at the Majestic Theatre on Broadway. It will become associated with the Kennedy administration
1964 Free Speech Movement: Police arrest over 800 students at the University of California, Berkeley, following their takeover and sit-in at the administration building in protest of the UC Regents' decision to forbid protests on UC property
1967 At Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town, South Africa, a transplant team headed by Christiaan Barnard carries out the first heart transplant on a human (53-year-old Louis Washkansky)
1971 Indo-Pakistani War of 1971: Pakistan launches a pre-emptive strike against India and a full scale war begins claiming hundreds of lives
1973 Pioneer program: Pioneer 10 sends back the first close-up images of Jupiter
1976 An assassination attempt is made on Bob Marley. He is shot twice, but will play a concert only two days later
1979 In Cincinnati, 11 fans are suffocated in a crush for seats on the concourse outside Riverfront Coliseum before a Who concert
1979 Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini becomes the first Supreme Leader of Iran
1982 A soil sample is taken from Times Beach, Missouri, that will be found to contain 300 times the safe level of dioxin
1984 Bhopal disaster: A methyl isocyanate leak from a Union Carbide pesticide plant in Bhopal, India, kills more than 3,800 people outright and injures 150,000–600,000 others (some 6,000 of whom would later die from their injuries) in one of the worst industrial disasters in history
1989 Cold War: In a meeting off the coast of Malta, U.S. President George H. W. Bush and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev release statements indicating that the Cold War between NATO and the Soviet Union may be coming to an end
1990 The 1990 Wayne County Airport runway collision kills seven passengers and one crew member
1992 UN Security Council Resolution 794 is unanimously passed, approving a coalition of United Nations peacekeepers led by the United States to form UNITAF, with the task of establishing peace and ensuring that humanitarian aid is distributed in Somalia
1992 The Greek oil tanker Aegean Sea, carrying 80,000 tonnes of crude oil, runs aground in a storm while approaching A Coruña, Spain, and spills much of its cargo
1992 A test engineer for Sema Group uses a personal computer to send the world's first text message via the Vodafone network to the phone of a colleague
1997 In Ottawa, Canada, representatives from 121 countries sign the Ottawa Treaty prohibiting manufacture and deployment of anti-personnel landmines. The United States, People's Republic of China, and Russia do not sign the treaty, however
1999 NASA loses radio contact with the Mars Polar Lander moments before the spacecraft enters the Martian atmosphere
1999 Six firefighters are killed in the Worcester Cold Storage and Warehouse fire in Worcester, Massachusetts
2005 XCOR Aerospace makes the first manned rocket aircraft delivery of U.S. Mail in Kern County, California
2007 Winter storms cause the Chehalis River to flood many cities in Lewis County, Washington, and close a 20-mile portion of Interstate 5 for several days. At least eight deaths and billions of dollars in damages are blamed on the floods
2009 A suicide bombing in Mogadishu, Somalia, claims the lives of 25 people, including three ministers of the Transitional Federal Government
2012 At least 475 people are killed after Typhoon Bopha, makes landfall in the Philippines