Died on December 5

63 Publius Cornelius Lentulus Sura one of the chief figures in the Catilinarian Conspiracy and also a stepfather of Mark Antony.
334 Li Ban briefly an emperor of the Chinese/Ba-Di state Cheng Han.
532 Sabbas the Sanctified Saint Sabbas the Sanctified , a Cappadocian-Greek monk, priest and saint, lived mainly in Palaestina Prima. He was the founder of several monasteries, most notably the one known as Mar Saba. The Saint's name is derived from Aramaic סַבָּא meaning "old man"
662 Pelinus a Basilian monk, later bishop of Brindisi in Italy, martyred at Corfinio and made a saint in 668.
1055 Conrad I Duke of Bavaria the duke of Bavaria from 1049 to 1053. He was of the Ezzonen family, his parents being Liudolf, Count of Zütphen and eldest son of Ezzo, Count Palatine of Lorraine, and Matilda. For this, he is sometimes called Conrad of Zutphen
1109 Gerald of Braga a Benedictine monk at Moissac, France. He later worked with the archbishop in Toledo, Spain, and served as cathedral choir director. He later became the reforming Bishop of Braga, Portugal in 1100 and stopped ecclesiastical investiture by laymen in his diocese
1226 Henry Borwin II Lord of Mecklenburg a member of the House of Mecklenburg, was a Prince of Mecklenburg from 1219 to 1226 and Lord of Rostock.
1244 Joan Countess of Flanders countess of Flanders and Hainaut.
1267 Hugh II of Cyprus king of Cyprus and, from the age of 5 years, also Regent of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
1355 John III Duke of Brabant Duke of Brabant, Lothier, and Limburg. He was the son of John II, Duke of Brabant and his wife Margaret, daughter of King Edward I of England and Eleanor of Castile
1518 Gian Giacomo Trivulzio an Italian aristocrat and condottiero who held several military commands during the Italian Wars.
1560 Francis II of France a monarch of the House of Valois-Angoulême who was King of France from 1559 to 1560. He was also King consort of Scotland as a result of his marriage to Mary, Queen of Scots, from 1558 until his death
1570 Johan Friis a Danish statesman. He was born in Lundbygaard, Sweden, and died in Koge, Denmark. He studied in Odense and in Copenhagen before completing his education abroad
1612 John Almond (martyr) born circa 1577 and ordained in 1598. He was martyred on 5 December 1612. Canonized in 1970, John Almond is one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales
1624 Gaspard Bauhin a Swiss botanist whose Phytopinax described thousands of plants and classified them in a manner that draws comparisons to the later binomial nomenclature of Linnaeus. He was a disciple of the famous Italian physician Girolamo Mercuriale and he also worked on human anatomical nomenclature. Linnaeus honored the Bauhin brothers Gaspard and Jean in the genus name Bauhinia
1654 Jean François Sarrazin a French writer.
1663 Severo Bonini an Italian composer, organist and writer on music.
1708 Seki Takakazu a Japanese mathematician in the Edo period.
1735 Joseph Vivien a French painter of Lyon.
1749 Pierre Gaultier de Varennes sieur de La Vérendrye a French Canadian military officer, fur trader and explorer. In the 1730s he and his four sons opened up the area west of Lake Superior and thus began the process that added Western Canada to the original New France in the Saint Lawrence basin. He was also the first European to reach North Dakota and the upper Missouri River. In the 1740s two of his sons crossed the prairie as far as Wyoming and were the first Europeans to see the Rocky Mountains north of New Mexico
1758 Johann Friedrich Fasch a German violinist and composer.
1770 James Stirling (mathematician) a Scottish mathematician. The Stirling numbers, Stirling permutations, and Stirling's approximation are named after him. He also proved the correctness of Isaac Newton's classification of cubics
1779 Hermann Anton Gelinek a German monk and musician.
1784 Phillis Wheatley both the second published African-American poet and first published African-American woman. Born in West Africa, she was sold into slavery at the age of seven and transported to North America. She was purchased by the Wheatley family of Boston, who taught her to read and write, and encouraged her poetry when they saw her talent
1791 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era.
1793 Jean-Paul Rabaut Saint-Étienne a leader of the French Protestants and a moderate French revolutionary.
1802 Lemuel Francis Abbott an English portrait painter, famous for his likeness of Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson and for those of other naval officers and literary figures of the 18th century.
1813 Carlo Denina an Italian historian.
1814 Évariste de Parny a French poet.
1819 Friedrich Leopold zu Stolberg-Stolberg a German poet, lawyer and translator born at Bramstedt in Holstein.
1829 Friedrich Christian Rosenthal a German anatomist who was a native of Greifswald.
1830 Pierre Hugues Victoire Merle a French general during the First French Empire of Napoleon. He joined the French army as a private in 1781 but after the French Revolution, the pace of promotion quickened. He was appointed a general officer in 1794 for distinguishing himself during the War of the Pyrenees. After leading a brigade at Austerlitz in December 1805, he was promoted again. His division was in the first wave of the 1808 invasion of Spain, which precipitated the Peninsular War. In Spain, he led his division at Medina de Rioseco, Corunna, First and Second Porto, Bussaco, Sabugal, and Fuentes de Onoro. After being sent home from Spain, Merle was assigned to lead a division in the French invasion of Russia. He led his troops at First and Second Polotsk. He embraced the Bourbon cause in 1814, retired from the army in 1816, and died at Marseilles in 1830. Merle is one of the names inscribed under the Arc de Triomphe on Column 35
1835 August von Platen-Hallermünde a German poet and dramatist. In German he mostly is called Graf Platen
1837 Alexis Bachelot a Roman Catholic priest best known for his tenure as the first Prefect Apostolic of the Sandwich Islands. In that role, he led the first permanent Catholic mission to the Kingdom of Hawaii. Bachelot was raised in France, where he attended the Irish College in Paris, and was ordained a priest in 1820. He led the first Catholic mission to Hawaii, arriving in 1827. Although he had expected the approval of then Hawaiian King Kamehameha II, he learned upon arrival that Kamehameha II had died and a new government that was hostile towards Catholic missionaries had been installed. Bachelot, however, was able to convert a small group of Hawaiians and quietly minister to them for four years before being deported in 1831 on the orders of Kaʻahumanu, the Kuhina Nui of Hawaii
1842 Auguste Vestris a French dancer.
1853 Johann Peter Heuschkel a German oboist, organist, music teacher and composer.
1860 Friedrich Christoph Dahlmann a German historian and politician.
1864 Duchess Elisabeth Alexandrine of Württemberg a daughter of Louis of Württemberg and Princess Henriette of Nassau-Weilburg. By her marriage to Prince William of Baden, she became a Princess of Baden
1866 Camille Montagne a French military physician and botanist who specialized in the fields of bryology and mycology. He was born in the commune of Vaudoy in the department of Seine-et-Marne
1868 Nikolay Shustov a Russian painter and member of the Imperial Academy of Arts.
1870 Alexandre Dumas a French writer. His works have been translated into nearly 100 languages, and he is one of the most widely read French authors. Many of his historical novels of high adventure, including The Count of Monte Cristo, The Three Musketeers, Twenty Years After, and The Vicomte de Bragelonne: Ten Years Later were originally published as serials. His novels have been adapted since the early twentieth century for nearly 200 films. Dumas' last novel, The Knight of Sainte-Hermine, unfinished at his death, was completed by a scholar and published in 2005, becoming a bestseller. It was published in English in 2008 as The Last Cavalier
1870 David G. Burnet an early politician within the Republic of Texas, serving as interim President of Texas , second Vice President of the Republic of Texas , and Secretary of State for the new state of Texas after it was annexed to the United States of America.
1874 Hippolyte François Jaubert a French politician and botanist.
1879 Benjamin Franklin White a shape note "singing master", and compiler of the shape note tunebook known as The Sacred Harp. He was born near Cross Keys in Union County, South Carolina, the twelfth child of Robert and Mildred White
1881 Nikolay Pirogov a prominent Russian scientist, medical doctor, pedagogue, public figure, and corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. He is considered to be the founder of field surgery, and was one of the first surgeons in Europe to use ether as an anaesthetic. He was the first surgeon to use anaesthesia in a field operation , invented various kinds of surgical operations, and developed his own technique of using plaster casts to treat fractured bones. He is one of the most widely recognized Russian physicians
1882 Theodor Ludwig Wilhelm von Bischoff a German physician and biologist who lectured on pathological anatomy at Heidelberg and held professorships in anatomy and physiology at Giessen and Munich where he was appointed to the chair of anatomy and physiology in 1854. His most important contributions were made in embryology with a series of four exhaustive memoirs on the development of the mammalian ovum published in 1842 , 1845 , 1852 , and 1854. His studies concerning animal metabolism by measuring urea were less successful, as was his research of the anatomy of skull and brain
1886 Petrus Hofstede de Groot born at Leer in East Friesland, and was educated at the Gymnasium and University of Groningen.
1887 Eliza R. Snow one of the most celebrated Mormon women of the nineteenth century. A renowned poet, she chronicled history, celebrated nature and relationships, and expounded scripture and doctrine. Snow was married in secret to Joseph Smith as a plural wife and was openly a plural wife of Brigham Young after Smith's death. Snow was the second general president of the Relief Society of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1866 until her death and was the sister of Lorenzo Snow, the church's fifth president
1891 Pedro II of Brazil the second and last ruler of the Empire of Brazil, reigning for over 58 years. Born in Rio de Janeiro, he was the seventh child of Emperor Dom Pedro I of Brazil and Empress Dona Maria Leopoldina and thus a member of the Brazilian branch of the House of Braganza. His father's abrupt abdication and flight to Europe in 1831 left a five-year-old Pedro II as Emperor and led to a grim and lonely childhood and adolescence. Obliged to spend his time studying in preparation for rule, he knew only brief moments of happiness and encountered few friends of his age. His experiences with court intrigues and political disputes during this period greatly affected his later character. Pedro II grew into a man with a strong sense of duty and devotion toward his country and his people. On the other hand, he increasingly resented his role as monarch
1893 Matsudaira Katamori a samurai who lived in the last days of the Edo period and the early to mid Meiji period. He was the 9th daimyo of the Aizu han and the Military Commissioner of Kyoto during the Bakumatsu period. During the Boshin War, Katamori and the Aizu han fought against the Meiji Government armies, but were severely defeated. Katamori's life was spared, and he later became the Chief of the Tōshōgū Shrine. He, along with his three brothers Sadaaki, Yoshikatsu, and Mochiharu, had highly influential roles during the Meiji Restoration and were called the four Takasu brothers