December 5 events in history

633 Fourth Council of Toledo takes place
1082 Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona is assassinated
1408 Emir Edigu of Golden Horde reaches Moscow
1484 Pope Innocent VIII issues the Summis desiderantes, a papal bull that deputizes Heinrich Kramer and James Sprenger as inquisitors to root out alleged witchcraft in Germany
1492 Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to set foot on the island of Hispaniola (now Haiti and the Dominican Republic)
1496 King Manuel I of Portugal issues a decree of expulsion of "heretics" from the country
1757 Seven Years' War: Battle of Leuthen – Frederick II of Prussia leads Prussian forces to a decisive victory over Austrian forces under Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine
1766 In London, James Christie holds his first sale
1775 At Fort Ticonderoga, Henry Knox begins his historic transport of artillery to Cambridge, Massachusetts
1815 Foundation of Maceió, Brazil
1831 Former U.S. President John Quincy Adams takes his seat in the House of Representatives
1847 Jefferson Davis is elected to the U.S. senate, his first political post
1848 California Gold Rush: In a message to the U.S. Congress, U.S. President James K. Polk confirms that large amounts of gold had been discovered in California
1865 Chincha Islands War: Peru allies with Chile against Spain
1876 The Brooklyn Theater Fire kills at least 278 people in Brooklyn, New York
1916 British premier H. H. Asquith resigns from his post
1920 Dimitrios Rallis forms a government in Greece
1932 German-born Swiss physicist Albert Einstein is granted an American visa
1933 Prohibition in the United States ends: Utah becomes the 36th U.S. state to ratify the Twenty-first Amendment to the United States Constitution, thus establishing the required 75% of states needed to enact the amendment. (This overturned the 18th Amendment which had made the manufacture, sale, or transportation of alcohol illegal in the United States.)
1934 Abyssinia Crisis: Italian troops attack Wal Wal in Abyssinia, taking four days to capture the city
1936 The Soviet Union adopts a new constitution and the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic is established as a full Union Republic of the USSR
1941 World War II: In the Battle of Moscow, Georgy Zhukov launches a massive Soviet counter-attack against the German army, with the biggest offensive launched against Army Group Centre
1941 World War II: Great Britain declares war on Finland, Hungary and Romania
1943 World War II: U.S. Army Air Force begins attacking Germany's secret weapons bases in Operation Crossbow
1945 Flight 19 is lost in the Bermuda Triangle
1952 Great Smog of 1952: A cold fog descends upon London, combining with air pollution and killing at least 12,000 in the weeks and months that follow
1955 The American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations merge and form the AFL-CIO
1955 E.D. Nixon and Rosa Parks lead the Montgomery Bus Boycott
1957 Sukarno expels all Dutch people from Indonesia
1958 Subscriber Trunk Dialling (STD) is inaugurated in the United Kingdom by Queen Elizabeth II when she speaks to the Lord Provost in a call from Bristol to Edinburgh
1958 The Preston By-pass, the UK's first stretch of motorway, opens to traffic for the first time. (It is now part of the M6 and M55 motorways.)
1964 Vietnam War: For his heroism in battle earlier in the year, Captain Roger Donlon is awarded the first Medal of Honor of the war
1969 The four node ARPANET network is established
1977 Egypt breaks diplomatic relations with Syria, Libya, Algeria, Iraq and South Yemen. The move is in retaliation for the Declaration of Tripoli against Egypt
1978 The Soviet Union signs a "friendship treaty" with the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
1983 Dissolution of the Military Junta in Argentina
1993 The mayor of Vienna, Helmut Zilk, is injured by a letter bomb
1995 Sri Lankan Civil War: The Sri Lankan government announces the conquest of the Tamil stronghold of Jaffna
2004 The Civil Partnership Act comes into effect in the United Kingdom, and the first civil partnership is registered there
2005 The Lake Tanganyika earthquake causes significant damage, mostly in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
2006 Commodore Frank Bainimarama overthrows the government in Fiji
2007 Westroads Mall massacre: A gunman opens fire with a semi-automatic rifle at an Omaha, Nebraska, mall, killing eight people before taking his own life
2012 At least 8 people are killed and 12 others injured after a 5.6 earthquake strikes Iran's South Khorasan Province