Died on December 6

343 Saint Nicholas a historic 4th-century Christian saint and Greek Bishop of Myra in Lycia. Because of the many miracles attributed to his intercession, he is also known as Nikolaos the Wonderworker. He had a reputation for secret gift-giving, such as putting coins in the shoes of those who left them out for him, and thus became the model for Santa Claus, whose modern name comes from the Dutch Sinterklaas, itself from a series of elisions and corruptions of the transliteration of "Saint Nikolaos". His reputation evolved among the faithful, as was common for early Christian saints. In 1087, part of the relics were furtively translated to Bari, in Apulia, Italy; for this reason, he is also known as Nikolaos of Bari. The remaining bones were taken to Venice in 1100. His feast day is 6 December
735 Prince Toneri a Japanese imperial prince in the Nara period. He was a son of Emperor Temmu. He was given the posthumous name, Emperor Sudoujinkei , as the father of Emperor Junnin. In the beginning of the Nara period, he gained political power as a leader of imperial family together with Prince Nagaya. He supervised the compilation of the Nihonshoki
1003 Pope John XVII Pope for about seven months from 16 May to December 1003. He was born John Sicco, the son of another John Sicco, in the region of Rome then referred to as Biveretica. He succeeded Pope Silvester II
1060 Andrew I of Hungary King of Hungary from 1046 to 1060. He descended from a younger branch of the Árpád dynasty. After spending fifteen years in exile, he ascended the throne during an extensive revolt of the pagan Hungarians. He strengthened the position of Christianity in the Kingdom of Hungary and successfully defended its independence against the Holy Roman Empire
1082 Ramon Berenguer II Count of Barcelona Count of Barcelona from 1076 until his death. He ruled jointly with his twin brother, Berenguer Ramon The Chronicle of San Juan de la Pena called him, "... exceeding brave and bold, kind, pleasant, pious, joyful, generous, and of an attractive appearance. Because of the extremely thick hair he had on top of his head, he was known as Cap d'Estop."
1185 Afonso I of Portugal the first King of Portugal. He achieved the independence of the southern part of the Kingdom of Galicia, the County of Portugal, from Galicia's overlord, the King of León, in 1139, establishing a new kingdom and doubling its area with the Reconquista, an objective that he pursued until his death, in 1185, after forty-six years of wars against the Moors
1240 Constance of Hungary the second Queen consort of Ottokar I of Bohemia.
1352 Pope Clement VI Pope from 7 May 1342 to his death in 1352. He was the fourth Avignon Pope. Clement is most notable as the Pope who reigned during the time of the Black Death , during which he granted remission of sins to all who died of the plague
1370 Rudolf II Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg a member of the House of Ascania, He was Elector of Saxony and Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg from 1356 until his death. He was the eldest son of Duke Rudolf I of Saxe-Wittenberg and his wife, Judith of Brandenburg-Salzwedel
1495 Jacob Sprenger a German priest. He was born in Rheinfelden, Further Austria
1550 Pieter Coecke van Aelst a Flemish painter appointed court painter to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, in 1534.
1562 Garzia de' Medici the son of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Eleonora di Toledo. He was the subject of a famous painting by Bronzino when he was an infant. He was born in Florence and died of malaria along with his mother while traveling to Pisa, a few days after his brother Giovanni also died of the disease
1562 Jan van Scorel an influential Dutch painter credited with the introduction of High Italian Renaissance art to the Netherlands.
1564 Ambrosius Blarer an influential reformer in southern Germany and north-eastern Switzerland.
1586 Joachim Ernest Prince of Anhalt a German prince of the House of Ascania, ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Zerbst from 1551, and from 1570 sole ruler of all the Anhalt lands.
1613 Anton Praetorius a German Calvinist pastor who spoke out against the persecution of witches and against torture.
1618 Jacques Davy Duperron a French cardinal.
1624 Francesco Contarini the 95th Doge of Venice, reigning from September 8, 1623 until his death fourteen months later.
1626 John Ernest I Duke of Saxe-Weimar a duke of Saxe-Weimar.
1655 Krzysztof Opaliński a Polish noble , politician, writer and satirist, Voivode of Poznań and starosta kowelski, śremski, osiecki, międzyłęski.
1658 Baltasar Gracián a Spanish Jesuit and baroque prose writer and philosopher. He was born in Belmonte, near Calatayud. His proto-existentialist writings were lauded by Nietzsche and Schopenhauer
1672 Pedro Antonio Fernández de Castro 10th Count of Lemos a Spanish nobleman who was Viceroy of Peru from 1667 until his death.
1673 Guillaume Le Vasseur de Beauplan a French-Polish cartographer, engineer and architect.
1675 John Lightfoot an English churchman, rabbinical scholar, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge and Master of St Catharine's College, Cambridge.
1686 Eleonora Gonzaga (1630–1686) Holy Roman Empress as the wife of Emperor Ferdinand III.
1716 Benedictus Buns a priest and composer.
1718 Nicholas Rowe (writer) appointed Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom in 1715.
1746 Lady Grizel Baillie a Scottish songwriter.
1759 Louise Élisabeth of France the eldest daughter of King Louis XV of France and his Queen consort, Maria Leszczyńska, and the elder twin sister of Anne Henriette de France. As the daughter of the king, she was a Daughter of France. She married Infante Philip, younger son of Philip V of Spain, and later became Duchess of Parma. In secondary sources she is referred also as "Louise Élisabeth of France"
1771 Giovanni Battista Morgagni an Italian anatomist, celebrated as the father of modern anatomical pathology.
1779 Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin an 18th-century French painter. He is considered a master of still life, and is also noted for his genre paintings which depict kitchen maids, children, and domestic activities. Carefully balanced composition, soft diffusion of light, and granular impasto characterize his work
1788 Nicole-Reine Lepaute a French astronomer and mathematician. She predicted the return of Halley's Comet, calculated the timing of a solar eclipse and constructed a group of catalogs for the stars. She was a member of the Scientific Academy of Béziers
1788 Jonathan Shipley the son of a London stationer; his mother's family were owners of Twyford House, a large manor in Winchester, England. He was ordained a minister in the Church of England and became both Bishop of Llandaff and Bishop of St Asaph
1799 Joseph Black a Scottish physician and chemist, known for his discoveries of latent heat, specific heat, and carbon dioxide. He was Professor of Anatomy and Chemistry at the University of Glasgow for 10 years from 1756, and then Professor of Medicine and Chemistry at the University of Edinburgh from 1766, teaching and lecturing there for more than 30 years
1805 Nicolas-Jacques Conté a French painter, balloonist, army officer, and inventor of the modern pencil.
1825 Daniel Coke an English barrister and member of parliament.
1831 Johannes Baptista von Albertini a German botanist and clergyman of the Moravian Church. He was born in the town of Neuwied
1834 Ludwig Adolf Wilhelm von Lützow a Prussian lieutenant general notable for his organization and command of the Lützow Freikorps of volunteers during the Napoleonic Wars. He came from the House of Mecklenburg, his father was a Prussian Major General Johann Adolph von Lützow , and his mother, Wilhelmine
1835 George Philip Reinagle an English marine painter, youngest son of Ramsay Richard Reinagle.
1837 Friedrich August von der Marwitz a Prussian nobleman, officer and opponent of the Prussian reforms of Heinrich Friedrich Karl vom Stein.
1844 Nikita Volkonsky a Russian general from the Volkonsky family. He took part in the Napoleonic wars and later converted from Orthodoxy to Roman Catholicism
1855 William John Swainson an English ornithologist, malacologist, conchologist, entomologist and artist.
1855 Amschel Mayer Rothschild a German Jewish banker of the Rothschild family financial dynasty.
1860 Nicolai Anders von Hartwiss a Livonian-born Russian botanist, plant explorer and plant breeder.
1860 Marianne von Willemer an Austrian actress and dancer best known for her relationship with Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and her appearance in his poetry. At the age of 14 she moved to Frankfurt am Main, where she became the third wife of Frankfurt banker Johann Jakob von Willemer. He introduced her to Goethe, who met Marianne in 1814 and 1815. Goethe immortalised her in the Buch Suleika of his late work West-östlicher Diwan; she later revealed that several of its poems were authored by her
1864 Simonas Daukantas a Lithuanian/Samogitian writer, ethnographer and prose historian. One of the pioneers of the Lithuanian national revival, he is credited as an author of the first book on the history of Lithuania written in the Lithuanian language.He also published several books on Lithuanian and Samogitian folklore, and wrote a Polish-Lithuanian dictionary. Daukantas wrote his historical works under the influence of the Romanticism of the time.Daukantas attributed whatever led to the downfall of the Lithuanian Village to the Polish nobility and the ruling class, which became self-interested and weak in adapting folk tales,songs,customs, costumes language and idioms of the Lithuanian people and their language.As an author he published under a variety of pen-names, including, Jakyb Łaukys, K.V.Mylė, Jokūbas Laukys , Motiejus Šauklys, J.Devynakis, Jonas Girdenis, Jonas Raganius, Antanas Žeimys, Jonas Purvys and Antanas Vaineikis, some of them mentioned also in Polonised form
1865 Sebastián Iradier Salaverri , a.k.a. Sebastián Yradier, was a Spanish composer
1867 Giovanni Pacini an Italian composer, best known for his operas. Pacini was born in Catania, Sicily, the son of the buffo Luigi Pacini, who was to appear in the premieres of many of Giovanni's operas. The family was of Tuscan origin, and just happened to be in Catania when the composer was born
1867 Jean Pierre Flourens a French physiologist, the founder of experimental brain science and a pioneer in anesthesia. Through the study of ablations on animals, he was the first to prove that the mind was located in the brain, not the heart
1868 August Schleicher a German linguist. His great work was A Compendium of the Comparative Grammar of the Indo-European Languages, in which he attempted to reconstruct the Proto-Indo-European language. To show how Indo-European might have looked he created a short tale, Schleicher's fable, to exemplify the reconstructed vocabulary and aspects of Indo-European society inferred from it