Died on December 7

43 Cicero a Roman philosopher, politician, lawyer, orator, political theorist, consul and constitutionalist. He came from a wealthy municipal family of the Roman equestrian order, and is widely considered one of Rome's greatest orators and prose stylists
283 Pope Eutychian the Bishop of Rome from 4 January 275 to his death in 283.
765 Ja'far al-Sadiq a descendant of Ali from his father's side and a descendant of Fatimah from his mother's side and was himself a prominent Muslim jurist. He is revered as an imam by the adherents of Shi'a Islam and Alevism and as a renowned Islamic scholar and personality by Sunni Muslims. The Shi'a Muslims consider him to be the Sixth Imam or leader and spiritual successor to Muhammad. Sunni sources claim that doctrines such as the Imamate were formulated many years after al-Sadiq and wrongly ascribed to him. The internal dispute over who was to succeed Ja'far as imam led to schism within Shi'a Islam. Al-Sadiq was celebrated among his brothers and peers and stood out among them for his great personal merits. He is highly respected by both Sunni and Shi'a Muslims for his great Islamic scholarship, pious character, and academic contributions
983 Otto II Holy Roman Emperor Holy Roman Emperor from 973 until his death in 983. A member of the Ottonian dynasty, Otto II was the youngest and sole surviving son of Otto the Great and Adelaide of Italy
1254 Pope Innocent IV Pope from 25 June 1243 to his death in 1254.
1279 Bolesław V the Chaste Duke of Sandomierz in Lesser Poland from 1232 and High Duke of Poland from 1243 until his death.
1295 Gilbert de Clare 7th Earl of Gloucester a powerful English noble. Also known as "Red" Gilbert de Clare or "The red earl", probably because of his hair colour or fiery temper in battle
1373 Rafał of Tarnów a Polish nobleman.
1383 Wenceslaus I Duke of Luxembourg the first Duke of Luxembourg from 1354. He was the son of John the Blind, King of Bohemia, and Beatrice of Bourbon
1446 Bogusław IX a duke of Pomerania in Pomerania-Stolp, whose residence was Stargard. His cousin Eric of Pomerania tried in vain to have him recognized as King of the Kalmar Union
1498 Alexander Hegius von Heek a German humanist, so called from his birthplace Heek.
1535 Janus Lascaris a noted Greek scholar in the Renaissance.
1557 Mary FitzRoy Duchess of Richmond and Somerset the only daughter-in-law of King Henry VIII of England, being the wife of his only acknowledged illegitimate son, Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset.
1562 Adrian Willaert a Netherlandish composer of the Renaissance and founder of the Venetian School. He was one of the most representative members of the generation of northern composers who moved to Italy and transplanted the polyphonic Franco-Flemish style there
1583 Nurbanu Sultan the favourite consort and later wife of Sultan Selim II of the Ottoman Empire, mother of Sultan Murad III, and de facto co-ruler as the Valide Sultan for nine years from 1574 until 1583. She was either a Venetian of noble birth or a Spanish Jew. Her birth name may have been Rachel Olivia de Nasi. or Cecilia Venier-Baffo
1615 Gerard Reynst a Dutch merchant, father of a museum curator, and later the second Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies.
1622 Sophie of Brandenburg a Princess of Brandenburg and by marriage Electress of Saxony. From 1591 she was the regent of Saxony during the minority of her son Christian II
1649 Charles Garnier (missionary) a Jesuit missionary, who was killed in a Tobacco Nation village on December 7, 1649.
1672 Richard Bellingham a colonial magistrate, lawyer, and several-time governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and the last surviving signatory of the colonial charter at his death. A wealthy lawyer in Lincolnshire prior to his departure for the New World in 1634, he was a liberal political opponent of the moderate John Winthrop, arguing for expansive views on suffrage and lawmaking, but also religiously somewhat conservative, opposing the efforts of Quakers and Baptists to settle in the colony. He was one of the architects of the Massachusetts Body of Liberties, a document embodying many sentiments also found in the United States Bill of Rights
1683 Algernon Sidney an English politician and member of the Long Parliament. A republican political theorist, colonel, and commissioner of the trial of King Charles I of England, he opposed the king's execution. Sidney was later charged with plotting against the King, in part based on his work, Discourses Concerning Government, used by the prosecution as a witness at his trial. He was executed for treason. After his death, Sidney was revered as a "Whig patriot–hero and martyr"
1698 Andrea Guarneri an Italian luthier and founder of the house of Guarneri violin makers.
1709 Meindert Hobbema a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter.
1723 Jan Santini Aichel a Czech architect of Italian descent, whose major works represent the unique Baroque Gothic style - the special combination of the Baroque and Gothic styles.
1725 Florent Carton Dancourt born at Fontainebleau. He belonged to a family of rank, and his parents entrusted his education to Pere de la Rue, a Jesuit, who made earnest efforts to induce him to join the order. But he had no religious vocation and proceeded to study law
1727 Antonio de Zamora a Spanish playwright.
1734 James Figg an English bare-knuckle boxer. He is widely recognized the first English bare-knuckle boxing champion, reigning from 1719 to 1730. Jack Dempsey called him the father of modern boxing. Many of the bouts at the time consisted of boxing, wrestling and fencing with sharp swords. Figg was also a great fencer that engaged in sword duels and singlestick matches. He was born in Thame in Oxfordshire and fought his early prize fights there. In 1719 he started his own school and taught boxing, fencing, and quarterstaff. William Hogarth painted his portrait. Although records were not as precise back then, the common belief is that Figg had a record of 269–1 in 270 fights. His only loss came when Ned Sutton beat him to claim the title. Figg demanded a rematch, which he won, and also went on to retire Sutton in a rubber match. After 1730 he largely gave up fighting, and relied on his three protégés to bring in spectators: Bob Whittaker, Jack Broughton, and George Taylor. Taylor took over Figg's business upon Figg's death in 1734, though Broughton went on to become his most famous protégé
1772 Martín Sarmiento a Spanish scholar, writer and Benedictine monk, illustrious representative of the Enlightenment in Spain.
1775 Charles Saunders (Royal Navy officer) a Royal Navy officer in the Royal Navy during the Seven Years' War and later served as First Lord of the Admiralty. He was appointed to the Privy Council in 1766
1782 Hyder Ali the sultan and de facto ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore in southern India. Born Hyder Naik, he distinguished himself militarily, eventually drawing the attention of Mysore's rulers. Rising to the post of Dalavayi to Krishnaraja Wodeyar II, he came to dominate the titular monarch and the Mysore government. He became the de facto ruler of Mysore as Sarvadhikari by 1761. He offered strong anti-colonial resistance against the military advances of the British East India Company during the First and Second Anglo–Mysore Wars, and he was the innovator of military use of the iron-cased Mysorean rockets
1793 Joseph Bara also written Barra a young French republican drummer boy at the time of the Revolution.
1805 Frederick Hereditary Prince of Denmark heir presumptive to the thrones of Denmark and Norway. He was the surviving son of King Frederick V by his second wife, Juliana Maria of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel
1815 Michel Ney a French soldier and military commander during the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. He was one of the original 18 Marshals of France created by Napoleon. He was known as Le Rougeaud by his men and nicknamed le Brave des Braves by Napoleon
1817 William Bligh an officer of the British Royal Navy and a colonial administrator. A historic mutiny occurred during his command of HMS Bounty in 1789; Bligh and his loyal men made a remarkable voyage to Timor, 3,618 nautical miles , after being set adrift in the Bounty's launch by the mutineers. Fifteen years after the Bounty mutiny, he was appointed Governor of New South Wales in Australia, with orders to clean up the corrupt rum trade of the New South Wales Corps, resulting in the so-called Rum Rebellion
1821 Pōmare II the second king of Tahiti between 1782 and 1821. He was installed by his father Pōmare I at Tarahoi, February 13, 1791. He ruled under regency from 1782 to 1803
1822 Yosef Maimon the spiritual leader credited with helping strengthen religious observance and introducing the Sephardic liturgy to the Bukharian Jewish community. The title Maaravi signifies his North African ancestry
1822 John Aikin an English doctor and writer.
1826 John Flaxman a British sculptor and draughtsman, and a leading figure in British and European Neoclassicism. Early in his career he worked as a modeller for Josiah Wedgwood's pottery. He spent several years in Rome, where he produced his first book illustrations. He was a prolific maker of funerary monuments
1834 Edward Irving a Scottish clergyman, generally regarded as the main figure behind the foundation of the Catholic Apostolic Church.
1834 François-Auguste Parseval-Grandmaison a French poet. He was the eleventh occupant of the Académie française seat 1 in 1811. He is buried in Pere-Lachaise Cemetery in Paris
1834 Ludwig Schuncke a German pianist and composer, and close friend of Robert Schumann. His early promise was eclipsed by his death from tuberculosis at the age of 23
1836 Princess Louise of Prussia (1770–1836) a member of the House of Hohenzollern. She was a niece of Frederick the Great, being the second daughter and third child of Prince Augustus Ferdinand of Prussia by his wife Margravine Elisabeth Louise of Brandenburg-Schwedt
1842 Thomas Hamilton (writer) a Scottish philosopher and author.
1844 Vojtěch Nejedlý a Czech writer.
1845 Roustam Raza Napoleon Bonaparte's famous mamluk bodyguard. Roustam was born in Tbilisi, Georgia to Armenian parents. At thirteen Roustam was kidnapped and sold as a slave in Cairo. The Turks gave him the name Idzhahia. The sheikh of Cairo presented him to General Napoleon Bonaparte in 1798. Roustan served as a bodyguard of Napoleon until 1814, when he married Mademoiselle Douville in Dourdan, France and refused to follow the Emperor in his exile to Elba
1856 Christoph Friedrich Otto a German gardener and botanist.
1869 Ōmura Masujirō a Japanese military leader and theorist in Bakumatsu period Japan. He is regarded as the "Father of the Modern Japanese Army"
1870 Mykhailo Verbytsky a Ukrainian Greek Catholic priest and composer. He is considered to be one of the first professional Ukrainian composers of Halychyna. Verbystky is known for composing an alternate melody to the song Shche ne vmerla Ukrainy , which later became the national anthem of Ukraine. His first name is sometimes translated to the English version of Michael, Polish Michal, Russian and other languages
1871 Jacob Ettlinger a German rabbi and author, and one of the leaders of Orthodox Judaism. He is sometimes referred to as the Aruch la-Ner because of his noteworthy publication by that same name
1871 Nicolas Levasseur a French bass, particularly associated with Rossini roles.
1873 Lev Kulchitsky a Russian rear-admiral and the 13th governor of Taganrog, member of the Admiralty since 1856.