Died on December 8

855 Drogo of Metz an illegitimate son of Frankish emperor Charlemagne by the concubine Regina.
899 Arnulf of Carinthia the Carolingian King of East Francia from 887, the disputed King of Italy from 894 and the disputed Holy Roman Emperor from 22 February 896 until his death at Regensburg, Bavaria.
1186 Berthold IV Duke of Zähringen a Duke of Zähringen and Rector of Burgundy. He founded numerous cities, including Fribourg
1201 Bolesław I the Tall a Duke of Wroclaw from 1163 until his death in 1201.
1292 John Peckham Archbishop of Canterbury in the years 1279–1292. He was a native of Sussex who was educated at Lewes Priory and became a Franciscan friar about 1250. He studied at the University of Paris under Bonaventure, where he would later teach theology. From his teaching, he came into conflict with Thomas Aquinas, whom he debated on two occasions. Known as a conservative theologian, he opposed Aquinas' views on the nature of the soul. Peckham also studied optics and astronomy, and his studies in those subjects were influenced by Roger Bacon
1365 Nicholas II Duke of Opava Duke of Opava from 1318 to 1365 and Duke of Ratibór from 1337 to 1365 and Burgrave of Kladsko from 1350 to 1365 and also chamberlain of the Kingdom of Bohemia.
1431 Hedwig Jagiellon (1408–1431) a Polish and Lithuanian princess, and a member of the Jagiellon dynasty. For most of her life she, as the only child of Wladyslaw Jagiello, was considered to be heiress of the Polish and Lithuanian thrones. After the birth of Jagiello's sons in 1424 and 1427, Hedwig had some support for her claims to the throne. She died in 1431 amidst rumors that she was poisoned by her stepmother Sophia of Halshany
1521 Christina of Saxony a Saxon princess who became Queen consort of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. She was born a granddaughter of Frederick the Gentle of Saxony, and daughter of Ernest, Elector of Saxony and Elisabeth of Bavaria. She was the grandmother of Christina of Denmark through her son Christian II
1550 Gian Giorgio Trissino an Italian Renaissance humanist, poet, dramatist, diplomat, and grammarian.
1620 Lope de Ulloa y Lemos Spanish soldier designated by the viceroy of Peru Francisco de Borja y Aragón, Prince of Esquilache, carried out the position of Captain General and Governor of Chile, and president of the Real Audiencia of Chile. His government in Chile lasted for two years, between January 1618 and December 1620, the date of his death. It was believed that he had been poisoned
1625 Christina of Holstein-Gottorp a Queen Consort of Sweden as consort of king Charles IX of Sweden, mother of king Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, and a Regent of Sweden. She served as regent in 1605, during the absence of her spouse, and in 1611, during the minority of her son
1626 John Davies (poet) an English poet, lawyer, and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1597 and 1621. He became Attorney General for Ireland and formulated many of the legal principles that underpinned the British Empire
1632 Albert Girard a French-born mathematician. He studied at the University of Leiden. He "had early thoughts on the fundamental theorem of algebra" and gave the inductive definition for the Fibonacci numbers. He was the first to use the abbreviations 'sin', 'cos' and 'tan' for the trigonometric functions in a treatise. Girard was the first to state, in 1632, that each prime of the form 1 mod 4 was the sum of two squares. It was said that he was quiet-natured and, unlike most mathematicians, did not keep a journal for his personal life
1632 Philippe van Lansberge a Dutch Calvinist Minister, astronomer and Mathematician. His name is sometimes written Lansberg, and his first name is sometimes given as Philip or Johannes Philippus. He published under the Latin name Philippus Lansbergius
1633 Theodoor Galle a Flemish Baroque engraver.
1638 Ivan Gundulić the most prominent Croatian Baroque poet from the Republic of Ragusa. His work embodies central characteristics of Roman Catholic Counter-Reformation: religious fervor, insistence on "vanity of this world" and zeal in opposition to "infidels." Gundulić's major works—the epic poem Osman, the pastoral play Dubravka, and the religious poem Tears of the Prodigal Son are examples of Baroque stylistic richness and, frequently, rhetorical excess
1643 John Pym an English parliamentarian, leader of the Long Parliament and a prominent critic of Kings James I and then Charles He was one of the Five Members whose attempted arrest by King Charles I in the House of Commons of England in 1642 sparked the Civil War.
1649 Noël Chabanel a Jesuit missionary at Sainte-Marie among the Hurons, and one of the Canadian Martyrs.
1680 Henry Pierrepont 1st Marquess of Dorchester an English peer, the son of the Robert Pierrepont, 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull.
1681 Gerard ter Borch a Dutch genre painter, who lived in the Dutch Golden Age.
1691 Richard Baxter an English Puritan church leader, poet, hymn-writer, theologian, and controversialist. Dean Stanley called him "the chief of English Protestant Schoolmen". After some false starts, he made his reputation by his ministry at Kidderminster, and at around the same time began a long and prolific career as theological writer. After the Restoration he refused preferment, while retaining a non-separatist Presbyterian approach, and became one of the most influential leaders of the Nonconformists, spending time in prison
1695 Barthélemy d'Herbelot a French Orientalist.
1702 Chevalier de Lorraine a French nobleman and member of the House of Guise, cadet of the Ducal house of Lorraine. He was the renowned lover of Philippe de France, Monsieur, brother of Louis XIV
1709 Thomas Corneille a French dramatist.
1722 Elizabeth Charlotte Princess Palatine a German princess and, as Madame, the wife of Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, younger brother of Louis XIV of France, and mother of France's ruler during the Regency. Louis invoked her hereditary claim to the Palatinate as pretext to launch the Nine Years' War in 1688. Her vast, frank correspondence provides a detailed account of the personalities and activities at the court of her brother-in-law, Louis XIV for half a century, from the date of her marriage in 1672
1741 Vitus Bering a Danish explorer and officer in the Russian Navy. He is known for his two explorations of the north-eastern coast of the Asian continent and from there the western coast on the North American continent. The Bering Strait, the Bering Sea, Bering Island, the Bering Glacier and the Bering Land Bridge have since all been named in his honour
1744 Marie Anne de Mailly the youngest of the five famous de Nesle sisters, four of whom would become the mistress of King Louis XV of France.
1745 Étienne Fourmont a French scholar and Orientalist who served as professor of Arabic at the Collège de France and published grammars on the Arabic, Hebrew, and Chinese languages.
1746 Charles Radclyffe titular 5th Earl of Derwentwater, who claimed the title Fifth Earl of Derwentwater. He was the youngest son of Edward Radclyffe, 2nd Earl of Derwentwater and Lady Mary Tudor
1751 Dominik von Königsegg-Rothenfels an imperial Fieldmarshal.
1755 Jean-Baptiste Stuck an Italian-French composer and cellist of the Baroque era.
1756 William Stanhope 1st Earl of Harrington a British statesman and diplomat.
1768 Jean Denis Attiret a French Jesuit painter and missionary to China.
1779 Nathan Alcock an English physician.
1788 Pierre André de Suffren Admiral comte Pierre André de Suffren de Saint Tropez, bailli de Suffren , French admiral. He was most famous for his campaign in the Indian Ocean, in which he inconclusively contended for supremacy against the established British power there, led by Vice-Admiral Sir Edward Hughes
1792 Henry Laurens an American merchant and rice planter from South Carolina who became a political leader during the Revolutionary War. A delegate to the Second Continental Congress, Laurens succeeded John Hancock as President of the Congress. He was a signatory to the Articles of Confederation and President of the Continental Congress when the Articles were passed on November 15, 1777
1793 Madame du Barry the last Maîtresse-en-titre of Louis XV of France and one of the victims of the Reign of Terror during the French Revolution.
1793 Étienne Clavière a Swiss-born French financier and politician of the French Revolution.
1795 Giovanni Battista Casanova an Italian painter and printmaker of the Neoclassic period. He was a brother of Giacomo Casanova and Francesco Giuseppe Casanova and was born at Venice. He studied painting under Israel Silvestre and Dietrich at Dresden, and went in 1752 to Rome, where, under the tuition of Anton Raphael Mengs, he became an accomplished artist in pencil and crayon. Among other works he designed the plates to Winckelmann's Monumenti antichi. He was appointed professor in the Academy at Dresden in 1764
1801 Infanta Maria Josefa of Spain a Princess of Naples and Sicily by birth. At the accession of her father to the Spanish throne as Charles III, she became an Infanta of Spain. Born and raised in Naples, she arrived in Spain with her family in October 1759, at age fifteen. She lived at the court of her father and later with her brother Charles IV of Spain. She remained unmarried
1808 Princess Marie of Baden (1782–1808) a Duchess consort of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and Brunswick-Oels. She was married to Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, 1 November 1802. She was the daughter of Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden, and Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
1810 Ange-François Fariau a French poet and translator.
1811 Eliza Poe an English-born American actress and the mother of the American author Edgar Allan Poe.
1813 Johann Philipp Achilles Leisler a German physician and naturalist.
1818 Charles Grand Duke of Baden became ruler of the Grand Duchy of Baden on 11 June 1811 and ruled until his death. He was born in Karlsruhe
1818 Johan Gottlieb Gahn a Swedish chemist and metallurgist who discovered manganese in 1774.
1830 Benjamin Constant a Swiss-French politician and writer on politics and religion. He was the author of a partly biographical psychological novel, Adolphe. He was a fervent liberal of the early 19th century who influenced the Trienio Liberal movement in Spain, the Liberal Revolution of 1820 in Portugal, the Greek War of Independence, the November Uprising in Poland, the Belgian Revolution, and Liberalism in Brazil and Mexico
1834 Sergei Kamensky a Russian infantry general who served in the Napoleonic wars.
1841 Johann Heinrich von Dannecker a German sculptor.
1849 Delphine LaLaurie a Louisiana-born socialite and serial killer known for the torture and murder of slaves.