December 1831 in history

December 1831 events chronologically

Dec 5 Former U.S. President John Quincy Adams takes his seat in the House of Representatives
Dec 27 Charles Darwin embarks on his journey aboard the HMS Beagle, during which he will begin to formulate the theory of evolution
Dec 31 Gramercy Park is deeded to New York, New York

Top 7 most famous people born in December 1831

Dec 1 Princess Maria Amélia of Brazil a princess of the Empire of Brazil and a member of the Brazilian branch of the House of Braganza. Her parents were Emperor Dom Pedro I, the first ruler of Brazil, and Amélie of Leuchtenberg. The only child of her father's second marriage, Maria Amélia was born in France after Pedro I abdicated the Brazilian throne in favor of his son Dom Pedro Before Maria Amélia was a month old, Pedro I went to Portugal to restore the crown of the eldest daughter of his first marriage, Dona Maria He fought a successful war against his brother Miguel I, who had usurped Maria II's throne
Dec 2 Paul du Bois-Reymond a German mathematician who was born in Berlin and died in Freiburg. He was the brother of Emil du Bois-Reymond
Dec 9 Maurice de Hirsch a German-Jewish philanthropist who set up charitable foundations to promote Jewish education and improve the lot of oppressed European Jewry. He was the founder of the Jewish Colonization Association which sponsored large-scale Jewish immigration to Argentina
Dec 14 Arsenio Martínez-Campos y Antón a Spanish officer, who rose against the First Spanish Republic in a military revolution in 1874 and restored Spain's Bourbon dynasty. Later he became Captain-General of Cuba. As soldier and politician, he took part in the wars in Africa, Mexico, Cuba and the last Carlist war
Dec 19 Bernice Pauahi Bishop a philanthropist and aliʻi. Her estate was the largest private landowner in the state of Hawaiʻi, comprising approximately 9% of Hawaii's total area. The revenues from these lands are used to operate the Kamehameha Schools, which were established in 1887 according to Pauahi's will. Pauahi was married to businessman and philanthropist Charles Reed Bishop
Dec 23 Marie-Azélie Guérin Martin a French laywoman and the mother of Saint Thérèse de Lisieux. Her husband was Blessed Louis Martin
Dec 25 Johann von Herbeck an Austrian musician, born in Vienna, best known for leading the premiere of Franz Schubert's "Unfinished" Symphony.

Top 7 most famous people died in December 1831

Dec 6 Johannes Baptista von Albertini a German botanist and clergyman of the Moravian Church. He was born in the town of Neuwied
Dec 10 Thomas Johann Seebeck a physicist who in 1821 discovered the thermoelectric effect.
Dec 15 Hannah Adams a Christian author, born in Medfield, Massachusetts and died in Brookline. She was the first woman in the United States who worked professionally as a writer
Dec 18 Willem Bilderdijk Dutch poet, the son of an Amsterdam physician. When he was six years old an accident to his foot incapacitated him for ten years, and he developed habits of continuous and concentrated study. His parents were ardent partisans of the House of Orange-Nassau, and Bilderdijk grew up with strong monarchical and Calvinistic convictions
Dec 23 Emilia Plater a Polish–Lithuanian noblewoman and revolutionary from the lands of the partitioned Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Raised in a patriotic Polish tradition, she fought in the November 1830 Uprising, during which she raised a small unit, participated in several engagements, and received the rank of captain in the Polish-Lithuanian insurgent forces. Near the end of the Uprising, she fell ill and died
Dec 26 Stephen Girard a French-born, naturalized American, philanthropist and banker. He personally saved the U.S. government from financial collapse during the War of 1812, and became one of the wealthiest people in America, estimated to have been the fourth richest American of all time, based on the ratio of his fortune to contemporary GDP. Childless, he devoted much of his fortune to philanthropy, particularly the education and welfare of orphans. His legacy is still felt in his adopted home of Philadelphia
Dec 26 Johann Maria Philipp Frimont an Austrian general.