December 1851 in history

December 1851 events chronologically

Dec 2 French President Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte overthrows the Second Republic
Dec 9 The first YMCA in North America is established in Montreal
Dec 22 India's first freight train is operated in Roorkee, India
Dec 24 Library of Congress burns
Dec 29 The first American YMCA opens in Boston, Massachusetts

Top 7 most famous people born in December 1851

Dec 10 Melvil Dewey an American librarian and educator, inventor of the Dewey Decimal system of library classification, and a founder of the Lake Placid Club.
Dec 15 Felix von Hartmann a German prelate, who was Archbishop of Cologne from 1912 to 1919.
Dec 17 Otto Schott a German chemist, glass technologist, and the inventor of borosilicate glass. He was the son of a window glass maker, Simon Schott. From 1870 to 1873 Schott studied chemical technology at the technical college in Aachen and at the universities of Würzburg and Leipzig. He attained a doctorate in glass chemistry at Friedrich Schiller University of Jena for his thesis “Contributions to the Theory and Practice of Glass Fabrication”
Dec 20 Knut Wicksell a leading Swedish economist of the Stockholm school. His economic contributions would influence both the Keynesian and Austrian schools of economic thought
Dec 20 Isabella Princess of Asturias (1851–1931) For other Princesses of Asturias named Isabella, see Isabella, Princess of Asturias.
Dec 26 Melchior Treub a Dutch botanist.
Dec 30 Asa Griggs Candler an American business tycoon who made his fortune selling Coca-Cola. He also served as the 44th Mayor of Atlanta, Georgia from 1916 to 1919. Candler Field, the site of the present-day Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, was named after him, as is Candler Park in Atlanta

Died in December 1851

Dec 9 Ramón Freire a Chilean political figure. He was head of state on several occasions, and enjoyed a numerous following until the War of the Confederation. Ramón Freire was one of the principal leaders of the liberal Piopiolo movement and has been praised by historian Gabriel Salazar as the most democratic leader of the early republican period in Chile
Dec 10 Karl Drais a German inventor, who invented the Laufmaschine , also later called the velocipede, draisine or draisienne , also nicknamed the dandy horse. This incorporated the two-wheeler principle that is basic to the bicycle and motorcycle and was the beginning of mechanized personal transport. Drais also invented the earliest typewriter with a keyboard in 1821, later developed into an early stenograph machine, and a wood-saving cooker including the earliest hay chest
Dec 12 Joel Roberts Poinsett an American physician and diplomat. He was the first U.S. agent in South America, a member of the South Carolina legislature and the United States House of Representatives, the first United States Minister to Mexico , a U.S. Secretary of War under Martin Van Buren, and a cofounder of the National Institute for the Promotion of Science and the Useful Arts , as well as the eponym of Poinsett County, Arkansas; Poinsett Highway, Poinsett Bridge, and Poinsett State Park in South Carolina; Lake Poinsett in South Dakota; and the poinsettia, a popular Christmas plant
Dec 19 J. M. W. Turner an English Romantic landscape painter, water-colourist, and printmaker. Turner was considered a controversial figure in his day, but is now regarded as the artist who elevated landscape painting to an eminence rivalling history painting. Although renowned for his oil paintings, Turner is also one of the greatest masters of British watercolour landscape painting. He is commonly known as "the painter of light" and his work is regarded as a Romantic preface to Impressionism. Some of his works are cited as examples of abstract art prior to its recognition in the early twentieth century