December 1887 in history

Top 7 most famous people born in December 1887

Dec 6 Heinrich von Vietinghoff a German Colonel-General of the German Army during the Second World War. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. He is best known for commanding the German and Italian troops in German-occupied Italy in 1945
Dec 7 Ernst Toch an Austrian composer of classical music and film scores. He sought throughout his life to introduce new approaches to music
Dec 13 Alvin C. York one of the most decorated American soldiers in World War He received the Medal of Honor for leading an attack on a German machine gun nest, taking 32 machine guns, killing 28 German soldiers, and capturing 132 others. This action occurred during the United States-led portion of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive in France, which was part of a broader Allied offensive masterminded by Marshal Ferdinand Foch to breach the Hindenburg line and make the opposing German forces surrender
Dec 13 George Pólya a Hungarian mathematician. He was a professor of mathematics from 1914 to 1940 at ETH Zürich and from 1940 to 1953 at Stanford University. He made fundamental contributions to combinatorics, number theory, numerical analysis and probability theory. He is also noted for his work in heuristics and mathematics education
Dec 22 Srinivasa Ramanujan an Indian mathematician and autodidact who, with almost no formal training in pure mathematics, made extraordinary contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series, and continued fractions. Ramanujan initially developed his own mathematical research in isolation, which was quickly recognized by Indian mathematicians. When his skills became apparent to the wider mathematical community, centered in Europe at the time, he began a famous partnership with the English mathematician H. Hardy. He rediscovered previously known theorems in addition to producing new work. Ramanujan was said to be a natural genius, in the same league as mathematicians such as Euler and Gauss
Dec 25 Conrad Hilton an American hotelier and the founder of the Hilton Hotels chain.
Dec 26 Arthur Percival a British Army officer and World War I veteran. He built a successful military career during the interwar period but is most noted for his defeat in World War II, when he commanded the forces of the British Commonwealth during the Japanese Malayan Campaign and the subsequent Battle of Singapore

Top 7 most famous people died in December 1887

Dec 1 William H. Emory an United States Army officer and surveyor of Texas.
Dec 5 Eliza R. Snow one of the most celebrated Mormon women of the nineteenth century. A renowned poet, she chronicled history, celebrated nature and relationships, and expounded scripture and doctrine. Snow was married in secret to Joseph Smith as a plural wife and was openly a plural wife of Brigham Young after Smith's death. Snow was the second general president of the Relief Society of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1866 until her death and was the sister of Lorenzo Snow, the church's fifth president
Dec 19 Balfour Stewart a Scottish physicist. His studies in the field of radiant heat led to him receiving the Rumford Medal of the Royal Society in 1868. In 1859 he was appointed director of Kew Observatory. He was elected professor of physics at Owens College, Manchester, and retained that chair until his death, which happened near Drogheda, in Ireland, on 19 December 1887. He was the author of several successful science textbooks, and also of the article on "Terrestrial Magnetism" in the ninth edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica
Dec 19 François Bonvin a French realist painter.
Dec 22 Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden an American geologist noted for his pioneering surveying expeditions of the Rocky Mountains in the late 19th century. He was also a physician who served with the Union Army during the Civil War
Dec 24 Daniel Manning an American businessman, journalist, and politician most notable for having served as the 37th United States Secretary of the Treasury.
Dec 29 Ferdinand Johann Wiedemann an Estonian linguist who researched Uralic languages, mostly Estonian. Wiedemann was also a botanist