December 1908 in history

December 1908 events chronologically

Dec 2 Puyi becomes Emperor of China at the age of two
Dec 28 A magnitude 7.2 earthquake rocks Messina, Sicily, Italy killing over 75,000

Top 7 most famous people born in December 1908

Dec 4 Alfred Hershey an American Nobel Prize–winning bacteriologist and geneticist.
Dec 10 Olivier Messiaen a French composer, organist and ornithologist, one of the major composers of the 20th century. His music is rhythmically complex; harmonically and melodically it often uses modes of limited transposition, which he abstracted from his early compositions and improvisations. Messiaen also drew on his Roman Catholic faith for his pieces
Dec 11 Manoel de Oliveira a Portuguese film director and screenwriter born in Cedofeita, Porto. He first began making films in 1927, when he and some friends attempted to make a film about World War In 1931 he completed his first film Douro, Faina Fluvial, a documentary about his home city Porto made in the city symphony genre. He made his feature film debut in 1942 with Aniki-Bóbó and continued to make shorts and documentaries for the next 30 years, gaining a minimal amount of recognition without being considered a major world film director. Among the numerous factors that prevented Oliveira from making more films during this time period were the political situation in Portugal, family obligations and money
Dec 11 Elliott Carter an American composer who was twice awarded the Pulitzer Prize. He studied with Nadia Boulanger in Paris in the 1930s, then returned to the United States. After an early neoclassical phase, his style shifted to an emphasis on atonality and rhythmic complexity. His compositions are known and performed throughout the world; they include orchestral, chamber music, solo instrumental, and vocal works
Dec 11 Amon Goeth an Austrian SS-Hauptsturmführer and the commandant of the Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp in Płaszów in German-occupied Poland during World War He was tried as a war criminal after the war by the Supreme National Tribunal of Poland at Kraków and was found guilty of personally ordering the imprisonment, torture, and extermination of individuals and groups of people. He was also convicted of homicide, the first such conviction at a war crimes trial, for "personally killing, maiming and torturing a substantial, albeit unidentified number of people". He was executed by hanging not far from the former site of the Płaszów camp. The film Schindler's List depicts his practice of shooting camp internees
Dec 17 Willard Libby an American physical chemist noted for his role in the 1949 development of radiocarbon dating, a process which revolutionized archaeology. For his contributions to the team that developed this process, Libby was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1960
Dec 31 Simon Wiesenthal an Austrian writer and Nazi hunter. He was a Jewish Austrian Holocaust survivor who became famous after World War II for his work as a Nazi hunter

Top 7 most famous people died in December 1908

Dec 2 John Taylor (athlete) an American track and field athlete, notable as the first African American to win an Olympic gold medal. He was a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine, and the most prominent African American member of the Irish American Athletic Club. He was a member of the Sigma Pi Phi, the first black fraternity
Dec 8 Josef Zemp a Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council.
Dec 9 William Harvey Carney an African American soldier during the American Civil War. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions during the Battle of Fort Wagner
Dec 13 Augustus Le Plongeon a British-American photographer and antiquarian who studied the pre-Columbian ruins of America, particularly those of the Maya civilization on the northern Yucatán Peninsula. While his writings contain many controversial notions that were discredited by later researchers, Le Plongeon left a lasting legacy in his photographs documenting the ancient ruins. He should also be regarded as one of the earliest proponents of Mayanism
Dec 20 Francis P. Fleming an American politician and the 15th Governor of Florida from 1889 to 1893. Fleming was a Democrat, strong supporter of segregation and an opponent of civil rights for blacks. Fleming was a Confederate soldier and lawyer before he became governor
Dec 24 François-Auguste Gevaert a Belgian composer.
Dec 26 Richard Pischel a German Indologist born in Breslau.