December 1937 in history

December 1937 events chronologically

Dec 4 The first issue of the children's comic, The Dandy, is published
Dec 9 Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Nanking – Japanese troops under the command of Lt. Gen. Asaka Yasuhiko launch an assault on the Chinese city of Nanjing (Nanking)
Dec 11 Second Italo–Ethiopian War: Italy leaves the League of Nations
Dec 12 Second Sino-Japanese War: USS Panay incident – Japanese aircraft bomb and sink U.S. gunboat USS Panay on the Yangtze River in China
Dec 13 Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Nanking – The city of Nanjing, defended by the National Revolutionary Army under the command of General Tang Shengzhi, falls to the Japanese. This is followed by the Nanking Massacre, in which Japanese troops rape and murder hundreds of thousands of civilians
Dec 16 Theodore Cole and Ralph Roe attempt to escape from the American federal prison on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay; neither is ever seen again
Dec 21 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, the world's first full-length animated feature, premieres at the Carthay Circle Theatre

Top 7 most famous people born in December 1937

Dec 1 Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga the sixth President of Latvia and the first female President of Latvia. She was elected President of Latvia in 1999 and re-elected in 2003
Dec 16 Edward Ruscha an American artist associated with the pop art movement. He has worked in the media of painting, printmaking, drawing, photography, and film. Ruscha lives and works in Culver City, California
Dec 17 John Kennedy Toole an American novelist from New Orleans, Louisiana, whose posthumously published novel A Confederacy of Dunces won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. He also wrote The Neon Bible. Although several people in the literary world felt his writing skills were praiseworthy, Toole's novels were rejected during his lifetime. After suffering from paranoia and depression due in part to these failures, he committed suicide at the age of 31
Dec 21 Jane Fonda an American actress, writer, political activist, former fashion model, and fitness guru. In 2014, she was the recipient of the American Film Institute AFI Life Achievement Award
Dec 30 Gordon Banks a former England international football goalkeeper. He made 628 appearances during a 15 year career in the Football League, and won 73 caps for his country. The IFFHS named Banks the second best goalkeeper of the 20th century – after Lev Yashin and ahead of Dino Zoff. He was named FWA Footballer of the Year in 1972, and was named FIFA Goalkeeper of the Year on six occasions
Dec 31 Anthony Hopkins a Welsh actor of film, stage, and television, and a composer and painter. After graduating from the Royal Welsh College of Music & Drama in 1957, he trained at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London, and was then spotted by Laurence Olivier who invited him to join the Royal National Theatre. In 1968, he got his break in film in The Lion in Winter, playing Richard I
Dec 31 Avram Hershko a Hungarian born Israeli biochemist and Nobel laureate in Chemistry.

Top 7 most famous people died in December 1937

Dec 2 Josep Comas i Solà a Spanish Catalan astronomer born in Barcelona.
Dec 3 Attila József a Hungarian poet of the 20th century.
Dec 9 Gustaf Dalén a Swedish Nobel Laureate and industrialist, the founder of the AGA company and inventor of the AGA cooker and the Dalén light. In 1912 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his "invention of automatic regulators for use in conjunction with gas accumulators for illuminating lighthouses and buoys"
Dec 20 Erich Ludendorff a German general, victor of Liège and of the Battle of Tannenberg. From August 1916 his appointment as Quartermaster general made him joint head , and chief engineer behind the management of Germany's effort in World War I until his resignation in October 1918
Dec 21 Frank B. Kellogg an American lawyer, politician and statesman who served in the U.S. Senate and as U.S. Secretary of State. He co-authored the Kellogg–Briand Pact, for which he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 1929
Dec 21 Ted Healy an American vaudeville performer, comedian, and actor. Though he is chiefly remembered as the creator of The Three Stooges—and the style of slapstick comedy that they later made famous—he had a successful stage and film career of his own, and was cited as a formative influence by many later comedy stars
Dec 28 Maurice Ravel a French composer known especially for his melodies, masterful orchestration, richly evocative harmonies and inventive instrumental textures and effects. Along with Claude Debussy, he was one of the most prominent figures associated with Impressionist music. Much of his piano music, chamber music, vocal music and orchestral music is part of the standard concert repertoire