December 1938 in history

December 1938 events chronologically

Dec 13 The Holocaust: The Neuengamme concentration camp opens in the Bergedorf district of Hamburg, Germany
Dec 16 Adolf Hitler institutes the Cross of Honor of the German Mother
Dec 17 Otto Hahn discovers the nuclear fission of the heavy element uranium, the scientific and technological basis of nuclear energy
Dec 23 Discovery of the first modern coelacanth in South Africa

Top 7 most famous people born in December 1938

Dec 5 JJ Cale John Weldon Cale , known as JJ Cale or J.J. Cale, was an American singer-songwriter and musician who was one of the originators of the Tulsa Sound, a loose genre drawing on blues, rockabilly, country, and jazz influences. Cale's personal style has often been described as "laid back"
Dec 8 John Kufuor the second President of the Fourth Republic of Ghana and Chairperson of the African Union. His victory over John Atta Mills after the end of Jerry Rawlings' second term marked the first peaceful democratic transition of power in Ghana since the country's independence in 1957
Dec 11 McCoy Tyner a jazz pianist from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, known for his work with the John Coltrane Quartet and a long solo career.
Dec 12 Connie Francis an American pop singer of Italian heritage and the top-charting female vocalist of the late 1950s and early 1960s. Although her chart success waned in the second half of the 1960s, Francis remained a top concert draw. Despite several severe interruptions in her career, she is still active as a recording and performing artist
Dec 16 Liv Ullmann a Norwegian actress and film director. Ullman is also one of the "muses" of the Swedish director Ingmar Bergman. Nominated five times for a best actress Golden Globe Award, winning the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama during 1972 for the drama movie The Emigrants , Ullmann has also been nominated for the Palme d'Or, twice for the Academy Award, and twice for a BAFTA Film Award
Dec 23 Bob Kahn an American electrical engineer, who, along with Vint Cerf, invented the Transmission Control Protocol and the Internet Protocol , the fundamental communication protocols at the heart of the Internet.
Dec 29 Jon Voight an American actor. He has won one Academy Award, out of four nominations, and four Golden Globe Awards, out of ten nominations. Voight is the father of actress Angelina Jolie and actor James Haven

Top 7 most famous people died in December 1938

Dec 11 Christian Lous Lange a Norwegian historian, teacher, and political scientist. He was one of the world's foremost exponents of the theory and practice of internationalism
Dec 15 Valery Chkalov a Russian aircraft test pilot and a Hero of the Soviet Union.
Dec 24 Bruno Taut a prolific German architect, urban planner, and author active during the Weimar period. He is known for his theoretical works as well as for his designs
Dec 25 Karel Čapek a Czech writer of the early 20th century best known for his science fiction, including his novel War with the Newts and the play R.U.R. that introduced the word robot.
Dec 27 Osip Mandelstam a Russian poet and essayist who lived in Russia during and after its revolution and the rise of the Soviet Union. He was one of the foremost members of the Acmeist school of poets. He was arrested by Joseph Stalin's government during the repression of the 1930s and sent into internal exile with his wife Nadezhda. Given a reprieve of sorts, they moved to Voronezh in southwestern Russia. In 1938 Mandelstam was arrested again and sentenced to a camp in Siberia. He died that year at a transit camp
Dec 27 Emile Vandervelde a Belgian statesman. He was born and died at Ixelles. He studied law at the Free University of Brussels and became doctor of laws in 1885 and doctor of social science in 1888
Dec 28 Florence Lawrence a Canadian-American stage performer and film actress. She is often referred to as "The First Movie Star", and was the first film actor to be named publicly. At the height of her fame in the 1910s, she was known as "The Biograph Girl", "The Imp Girl", and "The Girl of a Thousand Faces". She appeared in almost 300 films for various motion picture companies