Born on February 1

1261 Walter de Stapledon Bishop of Exeter 1308–1326 and twice Lord High Treasurer of England, in 1320 and 1322. He founded Exeter College, Oxford and contributed liberally to the rebuilding of Exeter Cathedral. His tomb and monument, of great architectural importance, survives in Exeter Cathedral
1300 Bolko II of Ziębice a Duke of Jawor-Lwówek-Świdnica-Ziębice in Poland from 1301 to 1312 , of Świdnica-Ziębice from 1312 to 1322 , and sole Duke of Ziębice from 1322 until his death.
1352 Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl of March son of Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March, by his wife Philippa, daughter of William Montagu, 1st Earl of Salisbury and Catherine Grandison.
1402 Eleanor of Aragon Queen of Portugal queen consort of Portugal as the spouse of Edward I of Portugal and the regent of Portugal as the guardian of her son. She was the daughter of Ferdinand I of Aragon and Eleanor of Alburquerque
1435 Amadeus IX Duke of Savoy the Duke of Savoy from 1465 to 1472. The Catholic Church venerates him with a liturgical feast on March 30
1447 Eberhard II Duke of Württemberg a German nobleman. He was Count of Württemberg-Stuttgart from 1480 to 1496 as Eberhard VI, and later Duke of Württemberg from 1496 until his death as Eberhard II
1459 Conrad Celtes a German Renaissance humanist scholar and Neo-Latin poet.
1462 Johannes Trithemius a German Benedictine abbot and a polymath active in the German Renaissance, as a lexicographer, chronicler, cryptographer and occultist. He took considerable influence on the development of early modern and modern occultism; among his students were Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa and Paracelsus
1501 Queen Munjeong the wife of King Jungjong of Joseon.
1546 Mogami Yoshiaki a daimyō of the Yamagata domain in Dewa Province, in the late Sengoku period and early Edo period.
1552 Edward Coke considered to be the greatest jurist of the Elizabethan and Jacobean eras. Born into a middle-class family, Coke was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge before leaving to study at the Inner Temple, where he was called to the Bar on 20 April 1578. As a barrister he took part in several notable cases, including Slade's Case, before earning enough political favour to be elected to Parliament, where he served first as Solicitor General and then as Speaker of the House of Commons. Following a promotion to Attorney General he led the prosecution in several notable cases, including those against Robert Devereux, Sir Walter Raleigh and the Gunpowder Plot conspirators. As a reward for his services he was first knighted and then made Chief Justice of the Common Pleas
1616 Sophie Elisabeth of Brandenburg a Princess of Brandenburg by birth and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Altenburg.
1620 Gustaf Bonde a Swedish statesman. He was a persistent advocate of a pacifist policy at a time when war on the slightest provocation was the watchword of every Swedish politician
1635 Marquard Gude a German archaeologist and classical scholar, most famous for his collection of Greek and Latin inscriptions.
1648 Elkanah Settle an English poet and playwright.
1659 Jacob Roggeveen a Dutch explorer who was sent to find Terra Australis, but he instead came across Easter Island. Jacob Roggeveen also encountered Bora Bora and Maupiti of the Society Islands, Samoa. He planned the expedition along with his brother Jan Roggeveen, who stayed in the Netherlands
1663 Ignacia del Espíritu Santo a Filipino Religious Sister of the Roman Catholic Church.
1673 Alessandro Marcello an Italian nobleman and musician.
1686 Suzanne Henriette of Lorraine a member of the House of Lorraine and was the Duchess of Mantua by marriage. Her husband Ferdinand Charles Gonzaga was the last Gonzaga Duke of Mantua
1687 Johann Adam Birkenstock a German composer and violinist. He was regarded as one of the foremost violinists in his days
1690 Francesco Maria Veracini an Italian composer and violinist, perhaps best known for his sets of violin sonatas. As a composer, according to Manfred Bukofzer, "His individual, if not subjective, style has no precedent in baroque music and clearly heralds the end of the entire era" , while Luigi Torchi maintained that "he rescued the imperiled music of the eighteenth century". His contemporary, Charles Burney, held that "he had certainly a great share of whim and caprice, but he built his freaks on a good foundation, being an excellent contrapuntist". The asteroid 10875 Veracini was named after him
1694 Giuseppe Spinelli an Italian Cardinal. He was a prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples
1701 Johan Agrell a late German/Swedish baroque composer.
1707 Frederick Prince of Wales heir apparent to the British throne from 1727 until his death. He was the eldest but estranged son of King George II and Caroline of Ansbach, as well as the father of King George III
1710 Konrad Ernst Ackermann a German actor.
1718 Jean Joseph Marie Amiot a French Jesuit missionary.
1735 József Alvinczi a soldier in the Habsburg Army and a Field Marshal of the Austrian Empire.
1743 Johan Christopher Toll born at Mölleröd in Scania. Toll came of an ancient family, of Dutch origin, which can be traced back to the 13th century, but migrated to the Baltic provinces in the 16th century
1745 Archduke Charles Joseph of Austria (1745–1761) the second son of the Habsburg ruler Maria Theresa and her husband, Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor.
1758 Ludwig Gotthard Kosegarten a German poet and Lutheran preacher.
1758 Jacques Antoine Marie de Cazalès a French orator and politician.
1758 Agustín de Betancourt a prominent Spanish-Canarian engineer, who worked in Spain, France and Russia. His work ranged from steam engines and balloons to structural engineering and urban planning. As an educator, Betancourt founded and managed the Spanish Corps of Engineers and the Saint Petersburg Institute of Communications Engineers. As an urban planner and construction manager, Betancourt supervised planning and construction in Saint Petersburg, Kronstadt, Nizhny Novgorod and other Russian cities
1761 Christiaan Hendrik Persoon a mycologist who made additions to Linnaeus' mushroom taxonomy.
1764 George Duff a British naval officer during the American War of Independence, the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars, who was killed by a cannonball at the Battle of Trafalgar.
1768 Jacques Lauriston a French soldier and diplomat of Scottish descent, and a general officer in the French army during the Napoleonic Wars. He was born in Pondicherry in India, where his father, a nephew of the financier John Law, held a senior position in the colonial regime; his mother was a member of the Carvallho family of Portuguese traders. Lauriston is one of the names inscribed under the Arc de Triomphe
1783 André Marie Jean Jacques Dupin a French advocate, president of the chamber of deputies and of the Legislative Assembly.
1787 Richard Whately an English rhetorician, logician, economist, and theologian who also served as the Church of Ireland Archbishop of Dublin.
1787 George Hay 8th Marquess of Tweeddale a Scottish soldier and administrator. He served as a staff officer in the Peninsular War under Arthur Wellesley and was with Wellesley at the Second Battle of Porto when they crossed the Douro river and routed Marshal Soult's French troops in Porto. Hay also saw action at the Battle of Bussaco and at the Battle of Vitoria. He later served in the War of 1812 and commanded the 100th Regiment of Foot at the Battle of Chippawa when he was taken prisoner of war. He went on to become Governor of Madras and, at the same time, Commander-in-Chief of the Madras Army, in which role he restored the discipline of the army, which had been allowed to fall into a relaxed state
1790 Charles-Joseph Sax a Belgian musical instrument maker. His son was Adolphe Sax who invented the saxophone, the saxhorn and the saxotromba
1790 Germain Delavigne a French playwright and librettist.
1795 Sir George Harpur Crewe 8th Baronet an English Tory politician who represented the constituency of South Derbyshire.
1796 Abraham Emanuel Fröhlich a Swiss poet.
1800 Brian Houghton Hodgson a pioneer naturalist and ethnologist working in India and Nepal where he was a British civil servant. He described numerous species of birds and mammals from the Himalayas, and several birds were named after him by others such as Edward Blyth. He was a scholar of Tibetan Buddhism and wrote extensively on a range of topics relating to linguistics and religion. He was an opponent of the British proposal to introduce English as the official medium of instruction in Indian schools
1801 Jean Théodore Lacordaire a Belgian entomologist of French extraction.
1801 Thomas Cole an American artist. He is regarded as the founder of the Hudson River School, an American art movement that flourished in the mid-19th century. Cole's Hudson River School, as well as his own work, was known for its realistic and detailed portrayal of American landscape and wilderness, which feature themes of romanticism
1801 Émile Littré a French lexicographer and philosopher, best known for his Dictionnaire de la langue française, commonly called "The Littré".
1804 Handrij Zejler a Sorbian writer, pastor and national activist. He co-founded the Lusatian cultural and scientific society Maćica Serbska
1805 Samuel Earnshaw an English clergyman and mathematician, noted for his contributions to theoretical physics, especially "Earnshaw's Theorem".
1806 François Jouffroy a French sculptor.
1808 Princess Louise of Prussia (1808–1870) the third surviving daughter and ninth child of Frederick William III of Prussia and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.