Died on February 1

772 Pope Stephen III the Pope from 7 August 768 to his death in 772.
850 Ramiro I of Asturias King of Asturias from 842 until his death. He was son of King Bermudo I, and became king after a struggle for succession that followed the death of Alfonso II without issue. He was a contemporary of Abd ar-Rahman II, Umayyad Emir of Córdoba. During his turbulent reign, the chronicles relate that he had to fend off attacks from both Vikings and Moors. Numerous important structures, such as his recreational palace Santa María del Naranco, were built during his reign in the estilo ramirense that prefigured Romanesque architecture
1222 Alexios I of Trebizond Megas Komnenos or Alexius I Megas Comnenus was, with his brother David, the founder of the Empire of Trebizond, which he ruled from 1204 until his death in 1222. The two brothers were the only male descendants of the Byzantine Emperor Andronikos I, who had been dethroned and killed in 1185, and thus claimed to represent the legitimate government of the Empire following the conquest of Constantinople by the Fourth Crusade in 1204. Although his rivals governing the Nicaean Empire succeeded in becoming the de facto successors, and rendered his dynastic claims to the imperial throne moot, Alexios' descendants continued to emphasize both their heritage and connection to the Komnenian dynasty by referring to themselves as Megas Komnenos or Grand Komnenos
1248 Henry II Duke of Brabant Duke of Brabant and Lothier after the death of his father Henry I in 1235. His mother was Mathilde of Flanders
1308 Herman Margrave of Brandenburg-Salzwedel Margrave and co-ruler of Brandenburg with his cousin Otto He was the son of Margrave Otto V and Judith of Henneberg-Coburg.
1328 Charles IV of France Count of Champagne, King of Navarre , and the last "direct" Capetian King of France from 1322 to his death. Charles was the third son of Philip IV; like his father, he was known as "the fair" or "the handsome"
1501 Sigismund Duke of Bavaria a member of the Wittelsbach dynasty. He ruled as Duke of Bavaria-Munich from 1460 to 1467, and then as Duke of Bavaria-Dachau until his death
1542 Girolamo Aleandro an Italian cardinal, and the first cardinal appointed in pectore.
1590 Lawrence Humphrey an English theologian, who was President of Magdalen College, Oxford, and Dean successively of Gloucester and Winchester.
1691 Pope Alexander VIII Pope from 6 October 1689 to his death in 1691. He is the last pope to take the pontifical name of "Alexander" upon his election to the papacy
1705 Sophia Charlotte of Hanover the first Queen consort in Prussia as wife of King Frederick She was the only daughter of Elector Ernest Augustus of Brunswick-Lüneburg and his wife Sophia of the Palatinate. Her eldest brother George Louis succeeded to the British throne in 1714 as King George I
1713 Michael II Apafi the son of the Hungarian Michael I Apafi and Anna Bornemissza. Following his father, he was Prince of Transylvania from 10 June 1690 to 1699
1718 Charles Talbot 1st Duke of Shrewsbury an English statesman. Born to Roman Catholic parents, he remained in that faith until 1679 when—during the time of the Popish Plot and following the advice of the divine John Tillotson—he converted to the Church of England. Shrewsbury took his seat in the House of Lords in 1680 and three years later was appointed Gentleman-Extraordinary of the Bedchamber, suggesting he was in favour at the court of Charles II
1733 Augustus II the Strong Elector of Saxony , Imperial Vicar and became King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania.
1734 John Floyer (physician) an English physician and author.
1743 Giuseppe Ottavio Pitoni an organist and composer from Perugia, Italy. He became one of the leading musicians in Rome during the late Baroque era, the first half of the 18th century
1749 Françoise Marie de Bourbon the youngest legitimised daughter of Louis XIV of France and his maîtresse-en-titre, Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan. Originally known as the second Mademoiselle de Blois, that style eventually gave way to the name Françoise Marie de Blois. She married her first cousin Philippe d'Orléans in 1692 at the age of fourteen and bore eight children, four of which would have further progeny
1750 Prince Bakar of Kartli a Georgian royal prince of the Mukhrani branch of the Bagrationi dynasty and served as regent of the Kingdom of Kartli from September 1716 to August 1719.
1751 Michel-Étienne Turgot prévôt des marchands de Paris from 1729 to 1740. His name is associated to one of the most famous maps of Paris, the "Plan de Turgot" , a detailed bird-eye view of Paris realized by Louis Bretez from 1734 to 1739
1756 Princess Marie Auguste of Thurn and Taxis a Regent of Württemberg. She was a member of the Princely House of Thurn and Taxis as a daughter of Anselm Franz, 2nd Prince of Thurn and Taxis and his wife Maria Ludovika Anna Franziska, Princess of Lobkowicz. Through her marriage to Karl Alexander, Duke of Württemberg, she became Duchess consort of Württemberg
1756 Vakhtang Duke of Aragvi a Georgian prince of the Bagrationi dynasty. He was the first child and the eldest son of Heraclius II, then-prince of Kakheti, born of his first marriage to Ketevan née Orbeliani or, according to more recent research, Ketevan née Pkheidze
1760 William VIII Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel ruled Hesse-Kassel from 1730 until his death, first as regent and then as landgrave.
1761 Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix a French Jesuit priest, traveller and historian, often distinguished as the first historian of New France, which then occupied much of North America known to Europeans.
1768 Sir Robert Rich 4th Baronet a British cavalry officer. As a junior officer he fought at the Battle of Schellenberg and at the Battle of Blenheim during the War of the Spanish Succession. He was then asked the raise a regiment to combat the threat from the Jacobite rising rising of 1715. He also served with the Pragmatic Army under the Earl of Stair at the Battle of Dettingen during the War of the Austrian Succession. As a Member of Parliament he represented three different constituencies but never attained political office
1780 Johann Ludwig Krebs a Baroque musician and composer primarily for the pipe organ.
1793 William Barrington 2nd Viscount Barrington a British politician best known for his two periods as Secretary at War during Britain's involvement in the Seven Years War and American War of Independence.
1795 Giacomo Insanguine an Italian composer, organist, and music educator.
1799 Ferdinand Kobell a German painter and engraver.
1803 Anders Chydenius known as the leading classical liberal of Nordic history.
1807 Sir Thomas Troubridge 1st Baronet a British naval commander and politician.
1818 Giuseppe Gazzaniga a member of the Neapolitan school of opera composers. He composed fifty-one operas and is considered to be one of the last Italian opera buffa composers
1824 Maria Theresia von Paradis an Austrian music performer and composer who lost her sight at an early age, and for whom Mozart may have written his Piano Concerto 18 in B flat major.
1832 Archibald Murphey a North Carolina politician known as the "Father of Education" in his state for his proposals that benefited public works and public education.
1836 John By a British military engineer, best remembered for supervising the construction of the Rideau Canal and, in the process, founded Bytown, that would become the city of Ottawa.
1837 Frederick Francis I Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin ruled over the German state of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, first as Duke , and then as Grand Duke.
1838 José Gregorio Salazar a general and a Liberal politician in Central America. He was acting president of the Federal Republic of Central America from September 16, 1834 to February 14, 1835, in between two administrations of Francisco Morazán. In 1838 he was assassinated by a mob supporting rebel General Rafael Carrera
1850 Edward Baker Lincoln the second son of Abraham Lincoln and Mary Todd Lincoln. He was named after Lincoln's friend Edward Dickinson Baker. Both his mother and father spelled his name "Eddy"; the National Park Service uses "Eddie", which is on his gravestone
1851 Mary Shelley an English novelist, short story writer, dramatist, essayist, biographer, and travel writer, best known for her Gothic novel Frankenstein: or, The Modern Prometheus. She also edited and promoted the works of her husband, the Romantic poet and philosopher Percy Bysshe Shelley. Her father was the political philosopher William Godwin, and her mother was the philosopher and feminist Mary Wollstonecraft
1856 Ivan Paskevich an imperial Russian military leader. For his victories, he was made Count of Erivan in 1828 and Namestnik of the Kingdom of Poland in 1831. He attained the rank of field marshal in the Russian army, and later in the Prussian and Austrian armies
1864 Princess Louise Marie Thérèse of Artois a duchess and later a regent of Parma. She was the eldest daughter of Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry, younger son of King Charles X of France and his wife Carolina of Naples and Sicily, daughter of King Francis I of the Two Sicilies
1870 Florent Prévost a French naturalist and illustrator.
1870 Auguste Regnaud de Saint-Jean d'Angély a Marshal of France, soldier and politician.
1871 Alexander Serov a Russian composer and music critic. He is notable as one of the most important music critics in Russia during the 1850s and 1860s and as the most significant Russian composer of opera in the period between Dargomyzhsky's Rusalka and the early operas by Cui, Rimsky-Korsakov, Mussorgsky, and Tchaikovsky
1871 Guillaume Lejean a Breton explorer, of French citizenship, and ethnographer.
1873 Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda a 19th-century Cuban-born Spanish writer.
1873 Matthew Fontaine Maury an American astronomer, historian, oceanographer, meteorologist, cartographer, author, geologist, and educator.
1878 George Cruikshank a British caricaturist and book illustrator, praised as the "modern Hogarth" during his life. His book illustrations for his friend Charles Dickens, and many other authors, reached an international audience
1883 Seru Epenisa Cakobau a Fijian Ratu and warlord who united part of Fiji's warring tribes under his leadership, establishing a united Fijian kingdom.
1883 Carl Ludwig Sigmund an Austrian syphilologist born in Schässburg , Transylvania.
1885 Henri Dupuy de Lôme a French naval architect. He was the son of a naval officer and was born in Ploemeur near Lorient, Brittany, in western France. He was educated at the École Polytechnique and ENSTA. He was particularly active during the 1840–1870 period