February 1 events in history

481 Vandal king Huneric organises a conference between Catholic and Arian bishops at Carthage
1327 Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer
1329 King John of Bohemia captures Medvėgalis, an important fortress of the pagan Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and baptizes 6,000 of its defenders
1411 The First Peace of Thorn is signed in Thorn, Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights (Prussia)
1662 The Chinese general Koxinga seizes the island of Taiwan after a nine-month siege
1713 The Kalabalik or Tumult in Bendery results from the Ottoman sultan's order that his unwelcome guest, King Charles XII of Sweden, be seized
1790 In New York City, the Supreme Court of the United States convenes for the first time
1793 French Revolutionary Wars: France declares war on the United Kingdom and the Netherlands
1796 The capital of Upper Canada is moved from Newark to York
1814 Mayon Volcano in the Philippines erupts, killing around 1,200 people, the most devastating eruption of the volcano
1835 Slavery is abolished in Mauritius
1861 American Civil War: Texas secedes from the United States
1865 President Abraham Lincoln signs the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution
1876 A murder conviction effectively forces the violent Pennsylvanian Irish anti-owner coal miners, the "Molly Maguires", to disband
1884 The first volume (A to Ant) of the Oxford English Dictionary is published
1893 Thomas A. Edison finishes construction of the first motion picture studio, the Black Maria in West Orange, New Jersey
1895 Fountains Valley, Pretoria, the oldest nature reserve in Africa, is proclaimed by President Paul Kruger
1897 Shinhan Bank, the oldest bank in South Korea, opens in Seoul
1908 King Carlos I of Portugal and his son, Prince Luis Filipe, are killed in Terreiro do Paco, Lisbon
1918 Russia adopts the Gregorian Calendar
1920 The Royal Canadian Mounted Police begins operations
1924 The United Kingdom recognizes the USSR
1942 World War II: Josef Terboven, Reichskommissar of German-occupied Norway, appoints Vidkun Quisling the Minister President of the National Government
1942 Voice of America, the official external radio and television service of the United States government, begins broadcasting with programs aimed at areas controlled by the Axis powers
1942 World War II: U.S. Navy conducts Marshalls-Gilberts raids, the first offensive action by the United States against Japanese forces in the Pacific Theater
1946 Trygve Lie of Norway is picked to be the first United Nations Secretary General
1946 The Parliament of Hungary abolishes the monarchy after nine centuries, and proclaims the Hungarian Republic
1953 North Sea flood of 1953 (Dutch, Watersnoodramp, literally "flood disaster") was a major flood caused by a heavy storm, that occurred on the night of Saturday, 31 January 1953 and morning of Sunday, 1 February 1953. The floods struck the Netherlands, Belgium, England and Scotland
1957 Felix Wankel's first working prototype (DKM 54) of the Wankel engine runs at the NSU research and development department Versuchsabteilung TX in Germany
1960 Four black students stage the first of the Greensboro sit-ins at a lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina
1964 The Beatles have their first number one hit in the United States with I Want to Hold Your Hand
1965 The Hamilton River in Labrador, Canada is renamed the Churchill River in honour of Winston Churchill
1968 The New York Central Railroad and the Pennsylvania Railroad are merged to form Penn Central Transportation
1968 Vietnam War: The execution of Viet Cong officer Nguyen Van Lem by South Vietnamese National Police Chief Nguyen Ngoc Loan is videotaped and photographed by Eddie Adams. This image helped build opposition to the Vietnam War
1968 Canada's three military services, the Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Army and the Royal Canadian Air Force, are unified into the Canadian Forces
1972 Kuala Lumpur becomes a city by a royal charter granted by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia
1974 A fire in the 25-story Joelma Building in Sao Paulo, Brazil kills 189 and injures 293
1974 Kuala Lumpur is declared a Federal Territory
1978 Director Roman Polanski skips bail and flees the United States to France after pleading guilty to charges of having sex with a 13-year-old girl
1979 The Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returns to Tehran, Iran after nearly 15 years of exile
1979 Convicted bank robber Patty Hearst is released from prison after her sentence is commuted by President Jimmy Carter
1982 Senegal and the Gambia form a loose confederation known as Senegambia
1989 The Western Australian towns of Kalgoorlie and Boulder amalgamate to form the City of Kalgoorlie-Boulder
1990 Humanitas publishing house is founded in Bucharest, shortly after the Romanian Revolution, by the philosopher Gabriel Liiceanu
1991 A runway collision between USAir Flight 1493 and SkyWest Flight 5569 at Los Angeles International Airport results in the deaths of 34 people, and injuries to 30 others
1992 The Chief Judicial Magistrate of Bhopal court declares Warren Anderson, ex-CEO of Union Carbide, a fugitive under Indian law for failing to appear in the Bhopal Disaster case
1993 Gary Bettman becomes the NHL's first commissioner
1994 Punk rock band Green Day releases their album Dookie, which would eventually sell over 20 million copies worldwide
1996 The Communications Decency Act is passed by the U.S. Congress
1998 Rear Admiral Lillian E. Fishburne becomes the first female African American to be promoted to rear admiral