Born on February 10

1499 Thomas Platter a Swiss humanist scholar and writer.
1524 Albrecht Giese a councilman and diplomat of the city of Danzig.
1606 Christine Marie of France the sister of Louis XIII and the Duchess of Savoy by marriage. At the death of her husband Victor Amadeus I in 1637, she acted as regent of Savoy between 1637 and 1648
1609 John Suckling (poet) an English poet and one prominent figure among those renowned for careless gaiety, wit, and all the accomplishments of a Cavalier poet; and also the inventor of the card game cribbage. He is best known for his poem "Ballad Upon a Wedding"
1637 Countess Henriette Catherine of Nassau a daughter of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange and his wife Amalia of Solms-Braunfels. Henriette was a member of the House of Orange-Nassau
1685 Aaron Hill (writer) an English dramatist and miscellaneous writer.
1686 Jan Frederik Gronovius a Dutch botanist notable as a patron of Linnaeus.
1696 Johann Melchior Molter a German baroque composer and violinist.
1744 William Mitford the elder of the two sons of John Mitford, a barrister and his wife Philadelphia Reveley.
1744 William Cornwallis a Royal Navy officer. He was the brother of Charles Cornwallis, the 1st Marquess Cornwallis, British commander at the siege of Yorktown. Cornwallis took part in a number of decisive battles including the Siege of Louisbourg in 1758 and the Battle of the Saintes but is best known as a friend of Lord Nelson and as the commander-in-chief of the Channel Fleet during the Napoleonic Wars. He is depicted in the Horatio Hornblower novel, Hornblower and the Hotspur
1745 Levin August Count von Bennigsen a German general in the service of the Russian Empire.
1746 André Thouin a French botanist born in Paris. His younger brother, Gabriel Thouin , was a noted landscape architect
1747 Yasuaki Aida a Japanese mathematician in the Edo period.
1750 Stanislao Mattei O.F.M. Conv. , was an Italian Conventual Franciscan friar who was a noted composer, musicologist, and music teacher of his era
1766 Benjamin Smith Barton an American botanist, naturalist, and physician.
1772 Lykourgos Logothetis a Samian who became the island's leader during the Greek War of Independence.
1773 Francisco Tadeo Calomarde y Arría a Spanish statesman.
1775 Charles Lamb an English writer and essayist, best known for his Essays of Elia and for the children's book Tales from Shakespeare, which he produced with his sister, Mary Lamb.
1785 Claude-Louis Navier a French engineer and physicist who specialized in mechanics.
1788 Johann Peter Pixis a German pianist and composer born in Mannheim, Germany.
1791 Francesco Hayez an Italian painter, the leading artist of Romanticism in mid-19th-century Milan, renowned for his grand historical paintings, political allegories and exceptionally fine portraits.
1795 Ary Scheffer a Dutch - French Romantic painter.
1796 Henry De la Beche an English geologist and palaeontologist, the first director of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, who helped pioneer early geological survey methods.
1805 Kuriakose Elias Chavara a Syrian Catholic saint and social reformer from the Indian state of Kerala. He is the second canonised saint of the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church, an Eastern Catholic Church of the Saint Thomas Christian community founded by Thomas the Apostle in the first century. He was the co-founder and first Prior General of the first congregation for men in the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church, now known as the Carmelites of Mary Immaculate, and of a similar one for women, the Congregation of the Mother of Carmel
1807 Lajos Batthyány the first Prime Minister of Hungary. He was born in Pressburg/Pozsony on 10 February 1807, and was executed by firing squad in Pest on 6 October 1849, the same day as the 13 Martyrs of Arad
1808 Georg Weber (historian) a German historian. He studied at Erlangen. In 1839, he became a teacher in the high school of Heidelberg, and from 1848 to 1872 was its director. Among Weber's historical publications may be mentioned Geschichte der englischen Reformation ; Weltgeschichte in übersichtlicher Darstellung ; Geschichte des Volkes Israel ; and Allgemeine Weltgeschichte für die gebildeten Stände
1810 Miklós Barabás a Hungarian painter. He is mostly known for his portrait paintings, including a famous portrait of a young Franz Liszt done in 1847 and an 1853 portrait of Emperor Franz Joseph I
1810 Jean Louis Armand de Quatrefages de Bréau a French biologist.
1820 Cornelius Gurlitt (composer) a composer born in Altona, Schleswig-Holstein. He was a classmate of Carl Reinecke, whose father was head of the famous Leipzig Conservatory. Gurlitt studied with Reinecke's father for six years. His first public appearance at the age of seventeen was well received, and he decided to go to Copenhagen to continue his studies. There he studied organ, piano, and composition under Curlander and Weyse. While in Copenhagen he became acquainted with the Danish composer Niels Gade, and they remained friends until Gade's death
1822 Andrzej Kotula a Polish lawyer and activist from Cieszyn Silesia.
1824 Samuel Plimsoll an English politician and social reformer, now best remembered for having devised the Plimsoll line.
1825 Émile Bin a French portraitist, mythology painter, watercolorist and politician.
1825 Geoffrey Hornby a British naval officer.
1827 Martín Tovar y Tovar one of the most important and high-profile Venezuelan painters of the 19th century. Tovar y Tovar's most famous work is his famous and well-known depiction of the Battle of Carabobo. Tovar y Tovar's other famous works are his portrayals of the Battle of Junín and the Battle of Ayacucho
1829 Simon Schwendener a Swiss botanist who was a native of Buchs in the Canton of Gallen.
1831 Nadezhda von Meck a Russian business woman who became an influential patron of the arts, especially music. She is best known today for her artistic relationship with Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, supporting him financially for thirteen years, so that he could devote himself full-time to composition, while stipulating that they were never to meet. Tchaikovsky dedicated his Symphony 4 in F minor to her. She also gave financial support to several other musicians, including Nikolai Rubinstein and Claude Debussy
1831 Isaac Rülf a Jewish teacher, journalist and philosopher. He became widely known for his aid work and as a prominent early Zionist
1832 Franz König (surgeon) a German surgeon. He was born in Rotenburg an der Fulda and died in Grunewald near Berlin
1835 Victor Hensen a German zoologist. He coined the term plankton and laid the foundation for biological oceanography
1840 Per Teodor Cleve a Swedish chemist, biologist, mineralogist, oceanographer, and professor. He discovered the chemical elements holmium and thulium and helped isolate helium from the uranium ore cleveite. Cleve was born in Stockholm and became an assistant professor at the Uppsala University in 1860. He died several months after contracting pleurisy in 1904
1841 Walter Parratt an English organist and composer.
1841 Bartolo Longo a self-described Satanist priest, who later repented and became a third order, lay Dominican, dedicating his life to the Virgin Mary. He was eventually awarded a papal knighthood
1841 Eugen Dücker a romanticist Baltic German painter.
1844 William F. Barrett an English physicist and parapsychologist.
1846 Lord Charles Beresford a British admiral and Member of Parliament.
1846 Ira Remsen a chemist who, along with Constantin Fahlberg, discovered the artificial sweetener saccharin. He was the second president of Johns Hopkins University
1848 Anna Boch a Belgian painter, born in Saint-Vaast, Hainaut. Anna Boch died in Ixelles in 1936 and is interred there in the Ixelles Cemetery, Brussels, Belgium
1849 Virginia Zucchi an Italian dancer. Her career as a ballerina spanned from 1864 to 1898, and she was known as “the Divine Zucchi” or even "the Divine Virginia" for her artistry, expressiveness, and virtuosity. Perhaps her most lasting legacy is the celebrated La Esmeralda pas de six, which Marius Petipa created for her to the music of Riccardo Drigo in 1886. She was a guest artist in Berlin, London, Paris, Madrid, Milan, Naples and Rome. She was a force in introducing Italian technique in Russia
1850 Alexander von Linsingen a German general during World War I.
1852 Rainiharo from 1833 to 1852 prime minister of the Kingdom of Imerina in the central highlands of Madagascar.