Died on February 10

543 Scholastica a saint of the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Churches. Born in Italy, according to a ninth century tradition, she was the twin sister of Benedict of Nursia. Her feast day is 10 February
1050 Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden a Swedish princess and a Grand Princess of Kiev. She was the daughter of Swedish King Olof Skötkonung and Estrid of the Obotrites and the consort of Yaroslav I the Wise of Kiev
1121 Domnall Ua Lochlainn also known as Domhnall Mac Lochlainn , claimed to be High King of Ireland.
1126 William IX Duke of Aquitaine the Duke of Aquitaine and Gascony and Count of Poitou between 1086 and his death. He was also one of the leaders of the Crusade of 1101. Though his political and military achievements have a certain historical importance, he is best known as the earliest troubadour — a vernacular lyric poet in the Occitan language — whose work survived
1163 Baldwin III of Jerusalem king of Jerusalem from 1143 to 1163. He was the eldest son of Melisende and Fulk of Jerusalem. He became king while still a child, and was at first overshadowed by his mother Melisende, whom he eventually defeated in a civil war. During his reign Jerusalem became more closely allied with the Byzantine Empire, and the Second Crusade tried and failed to conquer Damascus. Baldwin captured the important Egyptian fortress of Ascalon, but also had to deal with the increasing power of Nur ad-Din in Syria. He died childless and was succeeded by his brother Amalric
1242 Emperor Shijō the 87th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. This reign spanned the years 1232 through 1242
1280 Margaret II Countess of Flanders countess of Flanders from 1244 to 1278 and also, countess of Hainaut from 1244 to 1253 and again from 1257 until her death.
1307 Temür Khan Emperor Chengzong of Yuan considered as the sixth Great Khan of the Mongols in Mongolia. He was an able ruler of the Yuan, and his reign established the patterns of power for the next few decades. His name means "blessed iron Khan" in the Mongolian language
1452 Švitrigaila the Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1430 to 1432. He spent most of his life in largely unsuccessful dynastic struggles against his cousins Vytautas and Sigismund Kęstutaitis
1452 Michael Žygimantaitis the last male descendant of Kęstutis, Grand Duke of Lithuania. He supported his father Sigismund Kęstutaitis in power struggles with Švitrigaila. In 1435 he led his father's army to victory in the Battle of Pabaiskas. After his father's assassination in 1440, Michael unsuccessfully fought against Casimir IV Jagiellon for the title of the Grand Duke of Lithuania. At first Michael was supported by Samogitia, but in 1441 Casimir issued a privilege confirming Samogitia's semi-autonomous status and thus avoiding a civil war. Until 1447 he was supported by Dukes of Masovia. In 1448 Michael asked help from the Crimean Khanate. With their help he attacked and shortly took control of Kiev, Starodub, Novhorod-Siversky. Soon he was captured and transported to the Grand Duchy of Moscow where he died under unclear circumstances. He was buried in Vilnius Cathedral
1471 Frederick II Elector of Brandenburg a Prince-elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg from 1440 until his abdication in 1470, and was a member of the House of Hohenzollern.
1524 Catherine of Saxony Archduchess of Austria the second wife of Sigismund, Archduke of Austria and Regent of Tyrol.
1567 Henry Stuart Lord Darnley king consort of Scotland from 1565 until his murder at Kirk o' Field in 1567. Many contemporary narratives describing his life and death refer to him as Lord Darnley, his title as heir apparent to the Earldom of Lennox, and it is by this appellation that he is now generally known
1576 Wilhelm Xylander a German classical scholar and humanist.
1598 Anne of Austria Queen of Poland queen consort of Poland and Sweden by marriage to King Sigismund III Vasa.
1621 Pietro Aldobrandini an Italian Cardinal and patron of the arts.
1645 Dorothea Sophia Abbess of Quedlinburg Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg.
1657 Sebastian Stoskopff an Alsatian painter. He is considered one of the most important German still life painters of his time. His works, which were rediscovered after 1930, portray goblets, cups and especially glasses. The reduction to a few objects, which is characteristic of early still life painting, can again be recognized in Stoskopff's painting. His chief works hang in Strasbourg and in Saarbrücken
1660 Judith Leyster a Dutch Golden Age painter. Leyster painted genre works, a few portraits, and still lifes. The number of surviving works attributed to her varies between fewer than 20 and about 35
1686 William Dugdale an English antiquary and herald. As a scholar he was influential in the development of medieval history as an academic subject
1722 Bartholomew Roberts a Welsh pirate who raided ships off the Americas and West Africa between 1719 and 1722. He was the most successful pirate of the Golden Age of Piracy, as measured by vessels captured, taking over 470 prizes in his career. He is also known as Black Bart , but this name was never used in his lifetime, and also risks confusion with Black Bart of the American West
1752 Princess Henriette of France the twin sister of Louise Élisabeth de France, the eldest child of King Louis XV of France and of his queen consort Marie Leszczyńska.
1755 Montesquieu a French lawyer, man of letters, and political philosopher who lived during the Age of Enlightenment. He is famous for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers, which is implemented in many constitutions throughout the world. He did more than any other author to secure the place of the word despotism in the political lexicon, and may have been partly responsible for the popularization of the terms feudalism and Byzantine Empire
1758 Thomas Ripley (architect) an English architect.
1772 Joseph Wenzel I Prince of Liechtenstein the Prince of Liechtenstein between 1712 and 1718, 1732 and 1745, and 1748 and 1772.
1772 Louis Tocqué a French painter. He specialized in portrait painting
1782 Friedrich Christoph Oetinger a German Lutheran theologian and theosopher.
1783 James Nares an English composer of mostly sacred vocal works, though he also composed for the harpsichord and organ.
1790 Jan Jakub Zamoyski a Polish nobleman.
1792 Andrzej Zamoyski a Polish noble. Knight of the Order of the White Eagle, awarded on 3 August 1758 in Warsaw
1794 Jacques Roux a radical Roman Catholic priest that took an active role in the revolutionary politics during the French Revolution. He skillfully expounded the ideals of popular democracy and classless society to crowds of Parisian sans-culottes, working class wage earners and shopkeepers, radicalizing them into a dangerous revolutionary force. He became a leader of a popular far-left political faction known as the Enragés , and in 1791 he was elected to the Paris Commune
1809 Jörgen Zoega a Danish archaeologist and numismatist; born at Daler near Tønder, near the west coast of northern Schleswig.
1816 Jean-Paul-Égide Martini a composer of classical music. Sometimes known as Martini Il Tedesco, he is best known today for the vocal romance "Plaisir d'amour," on which the 1961 Elvis Presley pop standard "Can't Help Falling in Love" is based. He is sometimes referred to as Giovanni Martini, resulting in a confusion with Giovanni Battista Martini, particularly with regard to the composition "Plaisir d'amour"'
1817 Karl Theodor Anton Maria von Dalberg Archbishop of Mainz, Arch-Chancellor of the Holy Roman Empire, Prince of Regensburg, Prince-Primate of the Confederation of the Rhine and Grand Duke of Frankfurt.
1822 Albert Casimir Duke of Teschen a German prince from the House of Wettin who married into the Habsburg imperial family. He was noted as an art collector and founded the Albertina in Vienna, the largest and finest collection of old master prints and drawings in the world
1827 William Mitford the elder of the two sons of John Mitford, a barrister and his wife Philadelphia Reveley.
1829 Pope Leo XII born Annibale Francesco Clemente Melchiore Girolamo Nicola Sermattei della Genga, reigned from 28 September 1823 to his death in 1829.
1836 Marie-Anne Paulze Lavoisier a French chemist. She was the wife of Antoine Lavoisier , and acted as his laboratory assistant and contributed to his work
1837 Alexander Pushkin considered by many to be the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature.
1854 Georg Kloss a German historian of freemasonry.
1854 José Joaquín de Herrera a moderate Mexican politician who served as president of Mexico three times , as well as a general in the Mexican Army during the Mexican-American War.
1855 Ernst Ludwig von Aster Prussian, Saxon and Russian general. He took part in fortifying several fortresses, including in Cologne, Poznań and Königsberg. In his honor, in the Poznań Fortress and Koblenz Fortress have been given for forts names from surname Aster
1855 Prince Ferdinando Duke of Genoa (1822–1855) the founder of the Genoa branch of the House of Savoy.
1857 David Thompson (explorer) a British-Canadian fur trader, surveyor, and map-maker, known to some native peoples as "Koo-Koo-Sint" or "the Stargazer." Over his career he mapped over 3.9 million square kilometers of North America and for this has been described as the "greatest land geographer who ever lived.".
1859 Princess Anna of Saxony (1836–1859) the seventh child and fourth eldest daughter of John of Saxony and his wife Amalie Auguste of Bavaria and a younger sister of Albert of Saxony and George of Saxony. Through her marriage to Archduke Ferdinand, Hereditary Prince of Tuscany, Anna was a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and an Archduchess and Princess of Austria and Princess of Hungary, Croatia, Bohemia, and Tuscany. Ann died shortly before her husband succeeded his father as Grand Duke of Tuscany
1863 Nicholas Longworth (winemaker) born in Newark, New Jersey in 1783. In 1804 he moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he became a banker and a successful winemaker as well as founder of the Longworth family in Ohio. Longworth was an influential figure in the early history of American wine, producing sparkling Catawba wine from grapes grown in his Ohio River Valley vineyard
1864 Jean-Joseph Chapuis a French cabinetmaker of the 18th and 19th centuries.
1865 Heinrich Lenz a Russian physicist of Baltic German ethnicity. He is most noted for formulating Lenz's law in electrodynamics in 1833. The symbol , conventionally representing inductance, is chosen in his honor
1868 David Brewster a Scottish physicist, mathematician, astronomer, inventor, writer, historian of science and university principal.
1871 Étienne Constantin de Gerlache a lawyer and politician in the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, and later became in 1831 the first Prime Minister of the newly founded Belgian state.