February 10 events in history

1258 Baghdad falls to the Mongols, and the Abbasid Caliphate is destroyed
1306 In front of the high altar of Greyfriars Church in Dumfries, Robert the Bruce murders John Comyn sparking revolution in the Scottish Wars of Independence
1355 The St. Scholastica's Day riot breaks out in Oxford, England, leaving 63 scholars and perhaps 30 locals dead in two days
1567 Lord Darnley, second husband of Mary, Queen of Scots, is found strangled following an explosion at the Kirk o' Field house in Edinburgh, Scotland, a suspected assassination
1763 French and Indian War: The 1763 Treaty of Paris ends the war and France cedes Quebec to Great Britain
1798 Louis Alexandre Berthier invades Rome, proclaims a Roman Republic on February 15 and then on February 20 takes Pope Pius VI prisoner
1814 Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Champaubert ends in French victory over the Russians and the Prussians
1840 Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom marries Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
1846 First Anglo-Sikh War: Battle of Sobraon – British defeat Sikhs in final battle of the war
1861 Jefferson Davis is notified by telegraph that he has been chosen as provisional President of the Confederate States of America
1862 American Civil War: A Union naval flotilla destroys the bulk of the Confederate Mosquito Fleet in the Battle of Elizabeth City on the Pasquotank River in North Carolina
1870 The YWCA is founded in New York City
1906 HMS Dreadnought, the first of a revolutionary new breed of battleships is christened and launched by King Edward VII
1920 Jozef Haller de Hallenburg performs symbolic wedding of Poland to the sea, celebrating restitution of Polish access to open sea
1923 Texas Tech University is founded as Texas Technological College in Lubbock, Texas
1930 Yên Bái mutiny in French Indochina
1933 In round 13 of a boxing match at New York City's Madison Square Garden, Primo Carnera knocks out Ernie Schaaf. Schaaf dies four days later
1936 Second Italo-Abyssinian War: Italian troops launched the Battle of Amba Aradam against Ethiopian defenders
1939 Spanish Civil War: The Nationalists conclude their conquest of Catalonia and seal the border with France
1940 The Soviet Union begins mass deportations of Polish citizens from occupied eastern Poland to Siberia
1942 The first gold record is presented to Glenn Miller for "Chattanooga Choo Choo"
1943 World War II: Attempting to completely lift the Siege of Leningrad, the Soviet Red Army engages German troops and Spanish volunteers in the Battle of Krasny Bor
1947 Italy cedes most of Venezia Giulia to Yugoslavia
1954 President Dwight Eisenhower warns against United States intervention in Vietnam
1962 Captured American U2 spy-plane pilot Gary Powers is exchanged for captured Soviet spy Rudolf Abel
1962 Roy Lichtenstein's first solo exhibition opened, and it included Look Mickey, which featured his first employment of Ben-Day dots, speech balloons and comic imagery sourcing, all of which he is now known for
1964 Melbourne-Voyager collision: The aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne collides with and sinks the destroyer HMAS Voyager off the south coast of New South Wales, Australia, killing 82
1967 The 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified
1981 A fire at the Las Vegas Hilton hotel-casino kills eight and injures 198
1989 Ron Brown is elected chairman of the Democratic National Committee becoming the first African American to lead a major American political party
1996 The IBM supercomputer Deep Blue defeats Garry Kasparov in chess for the first time
1998 Voters in Maine repeal a gay rights law passed in 1997 becoming the first U.S. state to abandon such a law
2003 France and Belgium break the NATO procedure of silent approval concerning the timing of protective measures for Turkey in case of a possible war with Iraq
2009 The communication satellites Iridium 33 and Kosmos-2251 collide in orbit, destroying both
2013 Thirty-six people are killed and 39 others are injured in a stampede in Allahabad, India, during the Kumbh Mela festival