Born on February 11

1261 Otto III Duke of Bavaria Duke of Lower Bavaria from 1290 to 1312 and disputably King of Hungary and Croatia between 1305 and 1307 as Béla V.
1380 Poggio Bracciolini a Florentine and Roman scholar who served under seven popes as a scholar, writer, and an early humanist. He was responsible for recovering and rediscovering a great number of classical Latin manuscripts, mostly decaying and forgotten in German, Swiss, and French monastic libraries, including De rerum natura, the only surviving work by Lucretius, and disseminated manuscript copies among his learned friends
1466 Elizabeth of York queen consort of England from 1486 until her death. She was the daughter of Edward IV, niece of Richard III and married Henry VII following Henry's victory at The Battle of Bosworth. She was the mother of Henry VIII and grandmother to his children Edward VI, Mary I, and Elizabeth Through her youngest surviving daughter Mary, she was great-grandmother to Lady Jane Grey, and through her eldest daughter, Margaret, she was grandmother, great-grandmother and great-great-grandmother to Scottish monarchs James V, Mary and James VI
1507 Philip II Metropolitan of Moscow a Russian Orthodox monk, who became Metropolitan of Moscow during the reign of Ivan the Terrible. He was one of a few Metropolitans who dared openly to contradict royal authority, and it is widely believed that the Tsar had him murdered on that account. He is venerated as a saint and martyr in the Eastern Orthodox Church
1535 Pope Gregory XIV Pope from 5 December 1590 to his death in 1591.
1568 Honoré d'Urfé a French novelist and miscellaneous writer.
1624 Lambert Doomer a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter.
1637 Friedrich Nicolaus Bruhns a German composer and music director in Hamburg.
1649 William Carstares a minister of the Church of Scotland, active in Whig politics.
1657 Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle a French author. Isaiah Berlin said Fontenelle "was the most civilized man of his time, and indeed of most times." In 1935, the lunar crater Fontenelle was named after him
1682 Johann Jacob Bach a German musician, composer and an older brother of Johann Sebastian Bach.
1699 Bertrand-François Mahé de La Bourdonnais a French naval officer and administrator, in the service of the French East India Company.
1706 Nils Rosén von Rosenstein a Swedish physician. He is considered the founder of modern pediatrics, while his work The diseases of children, and their remedies is considered to be "the first modern textbook on the subject"
1708 Egidio Duni an Italian composer who studied in Naples and worked in Italy, France and London, writing both Italian and French operas.
1717 William Williams Pantycelyn generally acknowledged as Wales' most famous hymn writer. As a writer of both poetry and prose, he is today considered one of the greatest literary figures of Wales. He was, however, equally distinguished in the world of religion, as one of the key leaders of the 18th century Welsh Methodist revival, along with Howell Harris and Daniel Rowland
1728 Charles Eugene Duke of Württemberg the eldest son of Duke Karl I Alexander and Princess Maria Augusta of Thurn and Taxis.
1740 Pierre Victor baron Malouet a French slave-owner, conservative publicist and monarchist politician, who signed as an "Émigré" the Whitehall Accord.
1764 Joseph Chénier a French poet, dramatist and politician of Greek origin.
1774 Hans Järta a Swedish administrator and revolutionary. He helped overthrow Gustavus IV Adolphus in 1809 and was one of the main drafters of the constitution of Sweden in 1809
1776 Ioannis Kapodistrias a Greek Foreign Minister of the Russian Empire and one of the most distinguished politicians and diplomats of Europe. After a long career in European politics and diplomacy he was elected as the first head of state of independent Greece and he is considered as the founder of the modern Greek State, and the founder of Greek independence
1780 Karoline von Günderrode a German Romantic poet, born in Karlsruhe.
1787 Alexander Maconochie (penal reformer) a Scottish naval officer, geographer, and penal reformer.
1791 Louis Visconti an Italian-born French architect and designer.
1791 Alexandros Mavrokordatos a Greek statesman and member of the Mavrocordatos family of Phanariotes.
1794 Gustav Friedrich Waagen a German art historian. In the light of later research his writings are not of much value as regards trustworthy criticism, though they are useful as catalogues of art treasures in private collections at the time when they were compiled. His opinions were greatly respected in England, where he was invited to give evidence before the royal commission inquiring into the condition and future of the National Gallery, for which he was a leading candidate to become director. He died on a visit to Copenhagen in 1868
1796 Giovanni Pacini an Italian composer, best known for his operas. Pacini was born in Catania, Sicily, the son of the buffo Luigi Pacini, who was to appear in the premieres of many of Giovanni's operas. The family was of Tuscan origin, and just happened to be in Catania when the composer was born
1798 Alvin Smith (brother of Joseph Smith) the eldest brother of Joseph Smith, Jr., the founder of the Latter Day Saint movement. Alvin took a leading role in helping the Smith family work toward paying their debts and building their home. His death at age 25 resulted in his younger brother Joseph taking more of a leading role in family affairs. A vision claimed by Joseph Smith is said to have included Alvin and played a significant role in the establishment of the Mormon doctrines of redemption of those who die without a knowledge of the gospel and baptism of the dead
1799 Basil Moreau the French priest who founded the Congregation of Holy Cross from which three additional congregations were founded, namely the Marianites of Holy Cross, the Sisters of the Holy Cross, and the Sisters of Holy Cross. Father Moreau was beatified on September 15, 2007 in Le Mans, France
1800 Henry Fox Talbot a British inventor and photography pioneer who invented the calotype process, a precursor to photographic processes of the 19th and 20th centuries. Talbot was also a noted photographer who made major contributions to the development of photography as an artistic medium. His work in the 1840s on photo-mechanical reproduction led to the creation of the photoglyphic engraving process, the precursor to photogravure. Talbot is also remembered as the holder of a patent which, some say, affected the early development of commercial photography in Britain. Additionally, he made some important early photographs of Oxford, Paris, Reading, and York
1800 Anna Petrovna Kern probably the best known love poem in the Russian language, written by Pushkin in 1825.
1801 Antônio de Sousa Neto a Tatter Revolutionary leader. On 20 September 1836, Neto declared the independence of the Piratini Republic
1802 Lydia Maria Child an American abolitionist, women's rights activist, opponent of American expansionism, Indian rights activist, novelist, and journalist.
1805 Jean Baptiste Charbonneau an American explorer, guide, fur trapper trader, military scout during the Mexican-American War, alcalde of Mission San Luis Rey de Francia, and a gold prospector and hotel operator in Northern California. He spoke French and English, and learned German and Spanish during his six years in Europe from 1823 to 1829. He also spoke Shoshone and other western American Indian languages, which he picked up during his years of trapping and guiding
1807 Napoleon Orda a Polish–Lithuanian musician, pianist, composer and artist, best known for numerous sketches of historical sites of present-day Belarus, Lithuania, and Poland.
1811 László Teleki a Hungarian writer and statesman. He is remembered as the author of the drama Kegyencz. In older books in English he is given the name "Ladislas Teleky"
1812 Alexander H. Stephens an American politician from Georgia and Vice President of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. He also served as a U.S. Representative from Georgia and as the 50th Governor of Georgia from 1882 until his death in 1883. He was an old Whig Party friend and ally of Abraham Lincoln; they met in the closing days of the Civil War but could not come to terms
1813 Otto Ludwig (writer) a German dramatist, novelist and critic born in Eisfeld in Thuringia. He was one of Germany's first modern realists and one of the most notable dramatists of the period
1819 Samuel Parkman Tuckerman an American composer.
1821 Hermann Allmers a German poet.
1821 Auguste Mariette a French scholar, archaeologist and Egyptologist, and founder of the Egyptian Department of Antiquities.
1821 John Ross Browne an Irish-born American traveler, artist, writer and government agent.
1829 Samuel Lodge The Rev. Samuel Lodge was the author of Scrivelsby, the Home of the Champions He was a headmaster of Horncastle Grammar School, Lincolnshire, rector for 30 years of Scrivelsby in Lincolnshire, and a Canon of Lincoln Cathedral
1830 August Eisenmenger an Austrian painter of portraits and historical subjects.
1830 Hans Bronsart von Schellendorff a classical musician and composer who studied under Franz Liszt.
1833 Melville Fuller the eighth Chief Justice of the United States between 1888 and 1910.
1834 Saturnino Álvarez Bugallal a Spanish lawyer, journalist and politician.
1836 Vasili Yakovlevich Zinger a prominent Russian mathematician, botanist and philosopher. His name is sometimes spelled Wasili Jakowlewitsch Zinger
1836 Thomas Brassey 1st Earl Brassey a British Liberal Party politician, Governor of Victoria and founder of The Naval Annual.
1839 Almon Brown Strowger gave his name to the electromechanical telephone exchange technology that his invention and patent inspired.
1839 Josiah Willard Gibbs an American scientist who made important theoretical contributions to physics, chemistry, and mathematics. His work on the applications of thermodynamics was instrumental in transforming physical chemistry into a rigorous deductive science. Together with James Clerk Maxwell and Ludwig Boltzmann, he created statistical mechanics , explaining the laws of thermodynamics as consequences of the statistical properties of large ensembles of particles. Gibbs also worked on the application of Maxwell's equations to problems in physical optics. As a mathematician, he invented modern vector calculus