February 11 events in history

55 Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus, heir to the Roman emperorship, dies under mysterious circumstances in Rome. This clears the way for Nero to become Emperor
244 Emperor Gordian III is murdered by mutinous soldiers in Zaitha (Mesopotamia). A mound is raised at Carchemish in his memory
1177 John de Courcy's army defeats the native Dunleavey Clan in Ulster. The English establish themselves in Ulster
1531 Henry VIII of England is recognized as supreme head of the Church of England
1626 Emperor Susenyos I of Ethiopia and Patriarch Afonso Mendes declare the primacy of the Roman See over the Ethiopian Church, and Roman Catholicism the state religion of Ethiopia
1659 The assault on Copenhagen by Swedish forces is beaten back with heavy losses
1790 The Religious Society of Friends, also known as Quakers, petitions U.S. Congress for abolition of slavery
1794 First session of United States Senate opens to the public
1808 Jesse Fell burns anthracite on an open grate as an experiment in heating homes with coal
1812 Massachusetts governor Elbridge Gerry "gerrymanders" for the first time
1826 University College London is founded under the name University of London
1826 Swaminarayan writes the Shikshapatri, an important text within Swaminarayan Hinduism
1840 Gaetano Donizetti's opera La fille du régiment receives its first performance in Paris, France
1843 Giuseppe Verdi's opera I Lombardi alla prima crociata receives its first performance in Milan, Italy
1855 Kassa Hailu is crowned Tewodros II, Emperor of Ethiopia, by Abuna Salama III in a ceremony at the church of Derasge Maryam
1856 The Kingdom of Awadh is annexed by the British East India Company and Wajid Ali Shah, the king of Awadh, is imprisoned and later exiled to Calcutta
1858 Bernadette Soubirous's first vision of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Lourdes, France
1861 American Civil War: United States House of Representatives unanimously passes a resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state
1873 King Amadeo I of Spain abdicates
1889 Meiji Constitution of Japan is adopted; the first National Diet convenes in 1890
1903 Anton Bruckner's 9th Symphony receives its first performance in Vienna, Austria
1906 Pope Pius X publishes the encyclical Vehementer Nos
1916 Emma Goldman is arrested for lecturing on birth control
1919 Friedrich Ebert (SPD), is elected President of Germany
1929 Kingdom of Italy and the Vatican sign the Lateran Treaty
1937 A sit-down strike ends when General Motors recognizes the United Auto Workers
1938 BBC Television produces the world's first ever science fiction television program, an adaptation of a section of the Karel Čapek play R.U.R., that coined the term "robot"
1939 A Lockheed P-38 Lightning flies from California to New York in 7 hours 2 minutes
1942 World War II: The Battle of Bukit Timah is fought in Singapore
1943 World War II: General Dwight D. Eisenhower is selected to command the allied armies in Europe
1953 U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower refuses a clemency appeal for Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
1953 The Soviet Union breaks off diplomatic relations with Israel
1959 The Federation of Arab Emirates of the South, which will later become South Yemen, is created as a protectorate of the United Kingdom
1964 Greeks and Turks begin fighting in Limassol, Cyprus
1968 Israeli–Jordanian border clashes rage
1968 The Memphis Sanitation Strike begins
1971 Eighty-seven countries, including the United States, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union, sign the Seabed Arms Control Treaty outlawing nuclear weapons on the ocean floor in international waters
1973 Vietnam War: First release of American prisoners of war from Vietnam takes place
1978 Censorship: China lifts a ban on works by Aristotle, William Shakespeare and Charles Dickens
1979 The Iranian Revolution establishes an Islamic theocracy under the leadership of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
1981 100,000 US gallons (380 m3) of radioactive coolant leak into the containment building of TVA Sequoyah 1 nuclear plant in Tennessee, contaminating 8 workers
1990 Nelson Mandela is released from Victor Verster Prison outside Cape Town, South Africa after 27 years as a political prisoner
1990 Buster Douglas, a 40-1 underdog, knocks out Mike Tyson in ten rounds at Tokyo to win boxing's world Heavyweight title and cause one of the largest upsets in sports history
1997 Space Shuttle Discovery is launched on a mission to service the Hubble Space Telescope
2001 A Dutch programmer launched the Anna Kournikova virus infecting millions of emails via a trick photo of the tennis star
2008 Rebel East Timorese soldiers seriously wound President José Ramos-Horta. Rebel leader Alfredo Reinado is killed in the attack
2008 Namdaemun, a 550-year-old gate in South Korea, was toppled by fire
2011 The first wave of the Egyptian revolution culminates in the resignation of Hosni Mubarak and the transfer of power to the Supreme Military Council after 18 days of protests
2013 Pope Benedict XVI announces his resignation from the papacy, the first pontiff to resign in more than half a millennium
2014 A military transport plane crashes in a mountainous area of Oum El Bouaghi Province in eastern Algeria, killing 77 people