February 13 in history

February 13 events chronologically

1322 The central tower of Ely Cathedral falls on the night of 12th-13th
1462 The Treaty of Westminster is finalised between Edward IV of England and the Scottish Lord of the Isles
1503 Disfida di Barletta – tournament between 13 Italian and 13 French knights near Barletta
1542 Catherine Howard, the fifth wife of Henry VIII of England, is executed for adultery
1572 Elizabeth I of England issues a proclamation which revokes all commissions on account of the frauds which they had fostered
1575 Henry III of France is crowned at Rheims and marries Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont on the same day
1633 Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome for his trial before the Inquisition

Top 7 most famous people born on February 13

1599 Pope Alexander VII Pope from 7 April 1655 to his death in 1667.
1852 Ion Luca Caragiale a great Romanian playwright, short story writer, poet, theater manager, political commentator and journalist. He is considered one of the greatest Romanian playwrights and writers, a leading representative of local humor, and a main representative of Junimea, an influential literary society with which he parted during the second half of his life
1910 William Shockley an American physicist and inventor. Shockley was the manager of a research group that included John Bardeen and Walter Houser Brattain, the duo which invented the transistor. For this feat, all three were awarded the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physics
1950 Peter Gabriel an English singer-songwriter, musician and humanitarian activist who rose to fame as the lead vocalist and flautist of the progressive rock band Genesis. After leaving Genesis, Gabriel went on to a successful solo career. His 1986 album, So, is his most commercially successful, and is certified triple platinum in the UK and five times platinum in the The album's biggest hit, "Sledgehammer", won a record nine MTV Awards at the 1987 MTV Video Music Awards. "Sledgehammer" remains the most played music video in the history of MTV
1974 Robbie Williams an English singer-songwriter, and occasional actor. He is a member of the pop group Take That, having been a member from 1990 to 1995 and again from 2009 to 2012. He has also had great commercial success as a solo artist
1979 Anders Behring Breivik the perpetrator of the 2011 Norway attacks. On 22 July 2011, he bombed government buildings in Oslo, killing eight people. He then killed 69 more people, mostly teenagers, in a mass shooting at a Workers' Youth League camp on the island of Utøya. In August 2012 he was convicted of mass murder, causing a fatal explosion, and terrorism
1979 Rafael Márquez a Mexican footballer who plays for Verona in the Serie A and the Mexico national team. He can play as a central defender, sweeper and as a defensive midfielder. He is widely regarded as one of the best Mexican players in history

Top 7 most famous people died on February 13

1130 Pope Honorius II Pope from 21 December 1124 to his death in 1130.
1542 Catherine Howard Queen of England from 1540 until 1541, as the fifth wife of Henry VIII who referred to her as his "rose without a thorn". Catherine married Henry on 28 July 1540, at Oatlands Palace, in Surrey, almost immediately after the annulment of his marriage to Anne of Cleves was arranged. Catherine was beheaded after less than two years of marriage to Henry on the grounds of treason for committing adultery while married to the King. She was the third of Henry's wives to have been a member of the English gentry instead of European nobility
1571 Benvenuto Cellini an Italian goldsmith, sculptor, draftsman, soldier and musician, who also wrote a famous autobiography. He was one of the most important artists of Mannerism
1728 Cotton Mather a socially and politically influential New England Puritan minister, prolific author and pamphleteer. Noted for fostering the Salem witch trials, Cotton Mather also has a scientific legacy due to his hybridization experiments and his promotion of inoculation for disease prevention
1883 Richard Wagner primarily known for his operas. Unlike most opera composers, Wagner wrote both the libretto and the music for each of his stage works. Initially establishing his reputation as a composer of works in the romantic vein of Weber and Meyerbeer, Wagner revolutionised opera through his concept of the Gesamtkunstwerk , by which he sought to synthesise the poetic, visual, musical and dramatic arts, with music subsidiary to drama, and which was announced in a series of essays between 1849 and 1852. Wagner realised these ideas most fully in the first half of the four-opera cycle Der Ring des Nibelungen
1980 Marian Rejewski a Polish mathematician and cryptologist who in 1932 solved the plugboard-equipped Enigma machine, the main cipher device used by Germany. The success of Rejewski and his colleagues Jerzy Różycki and Henryk Zygalski jump-started British reading of Enigma in World War II; the intelligence so gained, code-named "Ultra", contributed, perhaps decisively, to the defeat of Nazi Germany
2002 Waylon Jennings an American singer, songwriter, musician, and actor. Jennings began playing guitar at 8 and began performing at 12 on KVOW radio. His first band was The Texas Longhorns. Jennings worked as a D.J. on KVOW, KDAV, KYTI, and KLLL. In 1958, Buddy Holly arranged Jennings's first recording session, of “Jole Blon” and “When Sin Stops.” Holly hired him to play bass. In Clear Lake, Iowa, Jennings gave up his seat on the ill-fated flight that killed Holly and others to P. Richardson, who was suffering from a cold. The day of the flight was later known as The Day the Music Died. Jennings then worked as a D.J. in Coolidge, Arizona, and Phoenix. He formed a rockabilly club band, The Waylors. He recorded for independent label Trend Records and A&M Records, before succeeding with RCA Victor after achieving creative control