February 13 events in history

1322 The central tower of Ely Cathedral falls on the night of 12th-13th
1462 The Treaty of Westminster is finalised between Edward IV of England and the Scottish Lord of the Isles
1503 Disfida di Barletta – tournament between 13 Italian and 13 French knights near Barletta
1542 Catherine Howard, the fifth wife of Henry VIII of England, is executed for adultery
1572 Elizabeth I of England issues a proclamation which revokes all commissions on account of the frauds which they had fostered
1575 Henry III of France is crowned at Rheims and marries Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont on the same day
1633 Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome for his trial before the Inquisition
1660 With the death of Swedish King Charles X Gustav, the Swedish government begins to seek peace with Sweden's enemies in the Second Northern War – something that Charles had refused. As his son and successor on the throne, Charles XI, is only four years old, a regency rules Sweden until 1672
1668 Spain recognizes Portugal as an independent nation
1689 William and Mary are proclaimed co-rulers of England
1692 Massacre of Glencoe: About 78 Macdonalds at Glen Coe, Scotland are killed early in the morning for not promptly pledging allegiance to the new king, William of Orange
1739 Battle of Karnal: The army of Iranian ruler Nadir Shah defeats the forces of the Mughal emperor of India, Muhammad Shah
1849 The delegation headed by Metropolitan bishop Andrei Şaguna hands out to the Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria the General Petition of Romanian leaders in Transylvania, Banat and Bukovina, which demands that the Romanian nation be recognized
1861 In Gaeta the capitulation of the fortress decreeing the end of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies is signed
1867 Work begins on the covering of the Zenne, burying Brussels's primary river and creating the modern central boulevards
1880 Thomas Edison observes the Edison effect
1881 The feminist newspaper La Citoyenne is first published in Paris by the activist Hubertine Auclert
1914 Copyright: In New York City the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers is established to protect the copyrighted musical compositions of its members
1920 The Negro National League is formed
1931 New Delhi becomes the capital of India
1934 The Soviet steamship Cheliuskin sinks in the Arctic Ocean
1935 A jury in Flemington, New Jersey finds Bruno Hauptmann guilty of the 1932 kidnapping and murder of the Lindbergh baby, the son of Charles Lindbergh
1945 World War II: The siege of Budapest concludes with the unconditional surrender of German and Hungarian forces to the Red Army
1945 World War II: Royal Air Force bombers are dispatched to Dresden, Germany to attack the city with a massive aerial bombardment
1951 Korean War: Battle of Chipyong-ni, which represented the "high-water mark" of the Chinese incursion into South Korea, commences
1954 Frank Selvy becomes the only NCAA Division I basketball player ever to score 100 points in a single game
1955 Israel obtains four of the seven Dead Sea scrolls
1960 With the success of a nuclear test codenamed "Gerboise Bleue", France becomes the fourth country to possess nuclear weapons
1960 Black college students stage the first of the Nashville sit-ins at three lunch counters in Nashville, Tennessee
1961 An allegedly 500,000-year-old rock is discovered near Olancha, California, US, that appears to anachronistically encase a spark plug
1967 American researchers discover the Madrid Codices by Leonardo da Vinci in the National Library of Spain
1971 Vietnam War: Backed by American air and artillery support, South Vietnamese troops invade Laos
1978 Hilton bombing: a bomb explodes in a refuse truck outside the Hilton Hotel in Sydney, Australia, killing two refuse collectors and a policeman
1979 An intense windstorm strikes western Washington and sinks a 1/2-mile-long section of the Hood Canal Bridge
1981 A series of sewer explosions destroys more than two miles of streets in Louisville, Kentucky
1982 The Río Negro massacre takes place in Guatemala
1983 A cinema fire in Turin, Italy, kills 64 people
1984 Konstantin Chernenko succeeds the late Yuri Andropov as general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
1990 German reunification: An agreement is reached on a two-stage plan to reunite Germany
1991 Gulf War: Two laser-guided "smart bombs" destroy the Amiriyah shelter in Baghdad. Allied forces said the bunker was being used as a military communications outpost, but over 400 Iraqi civilians inside were killed
2000 The last original "Peanuts" comic strip appears in newspapers one day after Charles M. Schulz dies
2001 An earthquake measuring 6.6 on the Richter Scale hits El Salvador, killing at least 400
2004 The Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics announces the discovery of the universe's largest known diamond, white dwarf star BPM 37093. Astronomers named this star "Lucy" after The Beatles' song "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds"
2007 Taiwan opposition leader Ma Ying-jeou resigns as the chairman of the Kuomintang party after being indicted on charges of embezzlement during his tenure as the mayor of Taipei; Ma also announces his candidacy for the 2008 presidential election
2008 Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd makes a historic apology to the Indigenous Australians and the Stolen Generations
2010 A bomb explodes in the city of Pune, Maharashtra, India, killing 17 and injuring 60 more
2011 For the first time in more than 100 years the Umatilla, an American Indian tribe, are able to hunt and harvest a bison just outside Yellowstone National Park, restoring a centuries-old tradition guaranteed by a treaty signed in 1855
2012 The European Space Agency (ESA) conducted the first launch of the European Vega rocket from Europe's spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana
2013 A plane crash kills 5 people and injures 9 others in Donetsk, Ukraine