Died on February 14

869 Saints Cyril and Methodius were 9th-century Byzantine Greek brothers born in Thessalonica, Macedonia, in the Byzantine Empire. They were the principal Christian missionaries among the Slavic peoples of the Great Moravia and Pannonia, introducing Orthodox Christianity and writing to the hitherto illiterate, pagan Slav migrants into parts of Macedonia and elsewhere in the Balkans. Through their work they influenced the cultural development of all Slavs, for which they received the title "Apostles to the Slavs". They are credited with devising the Glagolitic alphabet, the first alphabet used to transcribe Old Church Slavonic. After their deaths, their pupils continued their missionary work among other Slavs. Both brothers are venerated in the Orthodox Church as saints with the title of "equal-to-apostles". In 1880, Pope Leo XIII introduced their feast into the calendar of the Roman Catholic Church. In 1980, Pope John Paul II declared them co-patron saints of Europe, together with Benedict of Nursia
1009 Bruno of Querfurt a sainted missionary bishop and martyr, who was beheaded near the border of Kievan Rus and Lithuania while trying to spread Christianity in Eastern Europe. He is also called the second "Apostle of the Prussians"
1043 Gisela of Swabia the daughter of Herman II of Swabia and Gerberga of Burgundy. Both her parents were descendants of Charlemagne
1117 Bertrade de Montfort the daughter of Simon I de Montfort and Agnes, Countess of Evreux. Her brother was Amaury de Montfort
1140 Leo I Prince of Armenia the fifth lord of Armenian Cilicia or “Lord of the Mountains”.
1140 Soběslav I Duke of Bohemia Duke of Bohemia from 1125 until his death. He was a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, the youngest son of Vratislaus II , the first Bohemian duke to also rule as king, with his third wife Świętosława of Poland
1229 Ragnvald Godredsson Guðrøðarson ruled as King of the Isles from 1187 to 1226. He was the eldest son of Guðrøðr Óláfsson. Before his death in 1187, Guðrøðr intended that his younger son, Óláfr, would succeed to the kingship. The Manx people instead chose Rögnvaldr, who was likely Óláfr's half-brother. Rögnvaldr went on to rule the Kingdom of the Isles for almost forty years
1318 Margaret of France Queen of England Queen of England as the second wife of King Edward I.
1318 Henry I Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal a member of the House of Ascania and Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal and Landsberg.
1400 Richard II of England King of England from 1377 until he was deposed on 30 September 1399.
1440 Dietrich Count of Oldenburg a feudal lord in Northern Germany, holding the counties of Delmenhorst and Oldenburg. He was called "Fortunatus" as he was able to secure Delmenhorst for his branch of the Oldenburgs
1459 Stephen Count Palatine of Simmern-Zweibrücken Count Palatine of Simmern and Zweibrücken from 1410 until his death in 1459.
1460 Władysław of Głogów a Silesian nobleman. He was the ruling Duke of Cieszyn during 1431–1442 and from 1442 sole ruler over half of both Głogów and Ścinawa
1528 Edzard I Count of East Frisia count of East Frisia from 1491 till his death in 1528.
1549 Il Sodoma the name given to the Italian Renaissance painter Giovanni Antonio Bazzi. Il Sodoma painted in a manner that superimposed the High Renaissance style of early 16th-century Rome onto the traditions of the provincial Sienese school; he spent the bulk of his professional life in Siena, with two periods in Rome
1571 Odet de Coligny a French cardinal of Châtillon, bishop of Beauvais, son of Gaspard I de Coligny and Louise de Montmorency, and brother of Gaspard and François, Seigneur d'Andelot.
1592 Jacopo Bassano an Italian painter who was born and died in Bassano del Grappa near Venice, from which he adopted the name. A pupil of Bonifazio Veronese's, he painted mostly landscapes and genre scenes. Bassano's pictures, and those of his two sons, Leandro Bassano and Francesco Bassano the Younger, who followed him closely, were very popular in Venice because of their depiction of simple country life. Bassano is considered to be the first modern landscape painter
1676 Abraham Bosse a French artist, mainly as a printmaker in etching, but also in watercolour.
1695 Georg von Derfflinger a field marshal in the army of Brandenburg-Prussia during and after the Thirty Years' War.
1714 Maria Luisa of Savoy a Savoyard princess and the first wife of Philip V of Spain. She acted as Regent of Spain and had great influence over her husband. She is closely associated with Princesse des Ursins
1727 Pieter van der Hulst a Dutch Golden Age painter.
1737 Charles Talbot 1st Baron Talbot a British lawyer and politician. He was Lord Chancellor of Great Britain from 1733 to 1737
1744 John Hadley an English mathematician, inventor of the octant, a precursor to the sextant, around 1730.
1760 François Colin de Blamont a French composer of the Baroque era.
1779 James Cook a British explorer, navigator, cartographer, and captain in the Royal Navy. Cook made detailed maps of Newfoundland prior to making three voyages to the Pacific Ocean, during which he achieved the first recorded European contact with the eastern coastline of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands, and the first recorded circumnavigation of New Zealand
1780 Gabriel de Saint-Aubin a French draftsman, printmaker, etcher and painter.
1780 William Blackstone an English jurist, judge and Tory politician of the eighteenth century. He is most noted for writing the Commentaries on the Laws of England. Born into a middle-class family in London, Blackstone was educated at Charterhouse School before matriculating at Pembroke College, Oxford in 1738. After switching to and completing a Bachelor of Civil Law degree, he was made a Fellow of All Souls, Oxford on 2 November 1743, admitted to Middle Temple, and called to the Bar there in 1746. Following a slow start to his career as a barrister, Blackstone became heavily involved in university administration, becoming accountant, treasurer and bursar on 28 November 1746 and Senior Bursar in 1750. Blackstone is considered responsible for completing the Codrington Library and Warton Building, and simplifying the complex accounting system used by the college. On 3 July 1753 he formally gave up his practice as a barrister and instead embarked on a series of lectures on English law, the first of their kind. These were massively successful, earning him a total of £61,000 in 2014 terms, and led to the publication of An Analysis of the Laws of England in 1756, which repeatedly sold out and was used to preface his later works
1782 Singu Min the fourth king of the Konbaung dynasty of Myanmar. The king, who came to power amid controversy, largely put an end to his father Hsinbyushin's policy of territorial expansion, which had severely depleted the kingdom's manpower and resources. He stopped his father's latest war against Siam at his accession, effectively ceding Lan Na to the Siamese. Likewise, he took no action when the Laotian states stopped paying tribute in 1778. The only campaigns were in Manipur, where the Burmese army was forced to put down four rebellions throughout his reign
1782 Manuel de Amat y Junient a Spanish military officer and colonial administrator. He was the Royal Governor of the Captaincy General of Chile from December 28, 1755 to September 9, 1761, and Viceroy of Peru from October 12, 1761 to July 17, 1776
1790 Capel Bond an English organist and composer.
1806 Jean Dauberval a.k.a. Jean D’Auberval, , was a French dancer and ballet master. He is most noted for creating the ballet, La fille mal gardée, one of the most enduring and popular works of the ballet repertoire
1808 John Dickinson (Pennsylvania and Delaware) a solicitor and politician from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Wilmington, Delaware known as the "Penman of the Revolution" for his twelve Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania, published individually in 1767 and 1768. As a member of the First Continental Congress - where he was a signee to the Continental Association - Dickinson drafted most of the 1774 Petition to the King, and then as a member of the Second Continental Congress wrote the 1775 Olive Branch Petition, two attempts to negotiate with the King of England. When these failed, he reworked Thomas Jefferson's language and wrote the final draft of the 1775 Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms. When Congress then decided to seek Independence, Dickinson served on the committee which wrote the Model Treaty, and then wrote the first draft of the 1776-1777 Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union
1820 Charles Ferdinand Duke of Berry the third child and youngest son of the future king, Charles X of France, and his wife, Princess Maria Theresa of Savoy. He was assassinated at the Paris Opera in 1820 by Louis Pierre Louvel, an anti-royal bonapartist. In June 1832, two years after the overthrow of his father, Charles X, his widow, Marie-Caroline de Bourbon-Sicile, duchess de Berry, led a royalist insurrection in the Vendée in a failed attempt to restore their son to the French throne
1820 Cosme Argerich a pioneer of military medical practices in Argentina.
1821 Petru Maior considered one of the most influential personalities of the Age of Enlightenment in Transylvania. Maior was a member of the Greek-Catholic clergy, a historian, philosopher, and linguist
1826 Johannes Daniel Falk a German publisher and poet.
1830 Landgravine Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt (1757–1830) a German princess. She was the daughter of Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt. On 3 October 1775 she married duke Charles Augustus of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and as such a member of the court sphere of Weimar Classicism. She was held to be serious and introverted but also compassionate and sympathetic, in the aftermath of the Battle of Jena which guaranteed her part in the later "myth of Weimar"
1830 John Coape Sherbrooke a British soldier and colonial administrator. After serving in the British army in Nova Scotia, the Netherlands, India, the Mediterranean , and Spain, he was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia in 1811. During the War of 1812, his policies and victory in conquest of present day Maine, renaming it the colony of New Ireland, led to significant prosperity in Nova Scotia
1831 Vicente Guerrero one of the leading revolutionary generals of the Mexican War of Independence. He fought against Spain for independence in the early 19th century, and later served as President of Mexico. Of Mestizo and African ancestry, he was the grandfather of the Mexican politician and intellectual Vicente Riva Palacio
1831 Henry Maudslay a British machine tool innovator, tool and die maker, and inventor. He is considered a founding father of machine tool technology
1834 John Shore 1st Baron Teignmouth a British official of the East India Company who served as Governor-General of India from 1793 to 1797. In 1798 he was created Baron Teignmouth in the Peerage of Ireland
1845 Joseph Lakanal a French politician, and an original member of the Institut de France.
1857 Johannes Bernardus van Bree a Dutch composer, violinist and conductor.
1868 Emil Bærentzen a Danish portrait painter and lithographer, active during the Golden Age of Danish Painting.
1870 St. John Richardson Liddell a prominent Louisiana planter who served as a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He was an outspoken proponent of Southern emancipation of slaves. Liddell was murdered by a former Confederate Officer near his home in 1870
1871 Alexander von Mensdorff-Pouilly Prince Dietrichstein von Nicolsburg an Austrian general, diplomat and politician, including two years as Minister of Foreign Affairs and one month's service as Minister-President of Austria.
1873 Stanislas Julien a French sinologist who served as the Chair of Chinese at the Collège de France for over 40 years and was one of the most academically respected sinologists in French history.
1874 Adolfo Ballivián constitutional president of Bolivia between 1873 and 1874.
1877 Nicolas Anne Théodule Changarnier born at Autun, Saône-et-Loire.
1879 Ustazade Silvestre de Sacy a French journalist. The son of Antoine-Isaac Silvestre de Sacy , he was from 1828 to 1877 a literary and political contributor to Journal des Débats. He became a curator at the Bibliothèque Mazarine in 1836 and became its administrator in 1848. He was elected to the Académie française on 18 May 1854, and became a senator in 1865