Born on February 15

1377 Ladislaus of Naples King of Naples and titular King of Jerusalem and Sicily, titular Count of Provence and Forcalquier , and titular King of Hungary and Croatia. He was the last male of the senior Angevin line
1458 Ivan the Young the eldest son and heir of Ivan III from his first marriage to Maria of Tver.
1472 Piero the Unfortunate the Gran maestro of Florence from 1492 until his exile in 1494.
1519 Pedro Menéndez de Avilés a Spanish admiral and explorer from the region of Asturias, Spain, remembered for planning the first regular trans-oceanic convoys and for founding Augustine, Florida in 1565. This was the first successful Spanish settlement in La Florida and the most significant city in the region for nearly three hundred years. Augustine is the oldest continuously inhabited European-established settlement in the continental United States. Menéndez subsequently became the first governor of Florida
1557 Vittoria Accoramboni an Italian noblewoman. Her life became the basis for three stories and two novels
1562 Maeda Toshinaga a Japanese daimyo who was the second head of the Kaga Domain. He was the eldest son of Maeda Toshiie and married one of Oda Nobunaga's daughters, Ei-hime
1564 Galileo Galilei an Italian physicist, mathematician, engineer, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the scientific revolution during the Renaissance. His achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations and support for Copernicanism. Galileo has been called the "father of modern observational astronomy", the "father of modern physics", the "father of science", and "the father of modern science"
1571 Michael Praetorius a German composer, organist, and music theorist. He was one of the most versatile composers of his age, being particularly significant in the development of musical forms based on Protestant hymns, many of which reflect an effort to improve the relationship between Protestants and Catholics
1612 Paul de Chomedey Sieur de Maisonneuve a French military officer and the founder of Montreal in New France.
1620 François Charpentier a French archaeologist and man of letters.
1638 Zeb-un-Nisa an Imperial Princess of the Mughal Empire as the eldest child of Emperor Aurangzeb and his Empress consort Dilras Banu Begum. She was also a poet, who wrote under the pen name "Makhfi". Imprisoned by her father in the last 20 years of her life at Salimgarh Fort, Delhi, Princess Zeb-un-Nissa is remembered as a poet, and her writings were collected posthumously as Diwan-i-Makhfi
1654 Tsarevich Alexei Alexeyevich of Russia the second son and heir of Tsar Alexis of Russia and Maria Miloslavskaya, brother of Tsar Feodor III of Russia and Tsar Ivan V of Russia and half-brother of Tsar Peter the Great. He died before he had a chance to succeed to the throne
1655 August Duke of Saxe-Merseburg-Zörbig a German prince and member of the House of Wettin.
1704 Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne a French sculptor and among the greatest French portraitists.
1705 Charles-André van Loo a French subject painter, son of the painter Louis-Abraham van Loo, a younger brother of Jean-Baptiste van Loo and grandson of Jacob van Loo. He was the most famous member of a successful dynasty of painters of Dutch origin. His oeuvre includes every category: religion, history painting, mythology, portraiture, allegory, and genre scenes
1710 Louis XV of France a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1 September 1715 until his death. He succeeded his great-grandfather Louis XIV at the age of five. Until he reached maturity in 1723, his kingdom was ruled by Philippe II, Duke of Orléans as Regent of France; the duke was his maternal great-uncle, as well as first cousin twice removed patrilineally. Cardinal Fleury was his chief minister from 1726 until the Cardinal's death in 1743, at which time the young king took sole control of the kingdom
1719 Wilhelm Sebastian von Belling a Prussian Hussar general under Frederick the Great.
1724 Peter von Biron the last Duke of Courland from 1769 to 1795.
1726 Abraham Clark an American politician and Revolutionary War figure. He was delegate for New Jersey to the Continental Congress where he signed the Declaration of Independence and later served in the United States House of Representatives in both the Second and Third United States Congress, from March 4, 1791, until his death in 1794
1734 William Stacy an officer of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and a pioneer to the Ohio Country. Published histories describe Colonel William Stacy's involvement in a variety of events during the war, such as rallying the militia on a village common in Massachusetts, participating in the Battle of Bunker Hill, being captured by Loyalists and American Indians at the Cherry Valley massacre, narrowly escaping a death by burning at the stake, General George Washington's efforts to obtain Stacy's release from captivity, and Washington's gift of a gold snuff box to Stacy at the end of the war
1735 Princess Maria Christina of Saxony (1735–1782) a Princess of Saxony and later Abbess of Remiremont.
1739 Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart a prominent French architect.
1739 Charles-Henri Sanson the Royal Executioner of France during the reign of King Louis XVI and High Executioner of the First French Republic. He administered capital punishment in the city of Paris for over forty years, and by his own hand executed nearly 3,000 people, including the King himself
1740 Ernst Eichner a German composer.
1743 Barbara Erni a Liechtenstein woman known for stealing from inns throughout western Europe using a confidence trick. Known in Liechtenstein legend as Golden Boos, Erni was the last person to be executed by Liechtenstein
1746 Bathsheba Spooner the first woman to be executed in the United States by Americans rather than the British.
1748 Jeremy Bentham a British philosopher, jurist, and social reformer. He is regarded as the founder of modern utilitarianism
1751 Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein a German painter. He was a descendant of the Tischbein family of painters, and a pupil of his uncle Johann Jacob Tischbein
1754 Pierre Louis Roederer a French politician, economist, and historian, politically active in the era of the French Revolution and First French Republic. Roederer's son, Baron Antoine Marie Roederer , also became a noted political figure
1759 Friedrich August Wolf a German philologist and critic.
1761 Princess Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt (1761–1829) the first Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine by marriage.
1762 Francis Buchanan-Hamilton a Scottish physician who made significant contributions as a geographer, zoologist, and botanist while living in India.
1763 Jean-François Le Sueur a French composer, best known for his oratorios and operas.
1764 Jens Baggesen a Danish poet.
1768 Samuel Genersich a Carpathian German physician and botanist.
1770 Ferdinand von Wintzingerode a German nobleman and officer in several different armies of the Napoleonic Wars, finally ending up as a general in the Imperial Russian army and fighting in the War of the Sixth Coalition against the French invasion of Russia and the subsequent campaigns in Germany and France. He appears in Tolstoy's War and Peace
1776 Jean-Pierre Boyer one of the leaders of the Haitian Revolution, and President of Haiti from 1818 to 1843. He reunited the north and south of Haiti in 1820 and also occupied and took control of Santo Domingo, which brought all of Hispaniola under one government by 1822. Boyer managed to rule for the longest period of time of any of the revolutionary leaders of his generation
1780 Alfred Edward Chalon a Swiss portrait painter. He lived in London where he was noticed by Queen Victoria
1782 William Miller (preacher) credited with beginning the mid-nineteenth century North American religious movement that was known as the Millerites. After his prophetic interpretations did not happen as he expected, new heirs of his message emerged, including Seventh-day Adventists and Advent Christians. Later movements found inspiration in Miller's emphasis on Bible prophecy
1784 Camille Montagne a French military physician and botanist who specialized in the fields of bryology and mycology. He was born in the commune of Vaudoy in the department of Seine-et-Marne
1787 Ignacio Álvarez Thomas a South American military commander and politician of the early 19th century.
1792 Floride Calhoun the wife of prominent U.S. politician John Calhoun.
1796 Pyotr Anjou an Arctic explorer and an admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy.
1797 Henry E. Steinway the founder of the piano company Steinway & Sons.
1798 Jean Étienne Duby a Swiss clergyman and botanist.
1803 Karl Friedrich Schimper a German botanist, naturalist and poet. Born in Mannheim, he was a theology student at Heidelberg University and taught at Munich University. He pioneered research in the field of plant morphology, particularly phyllotaxis. He is perhaps best known as the originator of the theory of prehistoric hot and cold eras, and was one of the initiators of the modern theories of ice ages and climatic cycles. He was a brother of botanist Georg Wilhelm Schimper and cousin of botanist Wilhelm Philippe Schimper
1803 Friedrich Ludwig Persius a Prussian architect and a student of Karl Friedrich Schinkel.
1803 John Sutter a Swiss pioneer of California known for his association with the California Gold Rush by the discovery of gold by James Marshall and the mill making team at Sutter's Mill, and for establishing Sutter's Fort in the area that would eventually become Sacramento, the state's capital. Although famous throughout California for his association with the Gold Rush, Sutter saw his business ventures fail while those of his elder son, John Augustus Sutter, Jr., were more successful
1807 Ignatius Bryanchaninov a bishop and theologian of the Russian Orthodox Church.
1807 Ignacy Feliks Dobrzyński a Polish pianist and composer.