February 16 events in history

116 Emperor Trajan sends laureatae to the Roman Senate at Rome on account of his victories and being conqueror of Parthia
1249 Andrew of Longjumeau is dispatched by Louis IX of France as his ambassador to meet with the Khagan of the Mongol Empire
1270 Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeats the Livonian Order in the Battle of Karuse
1630 Dutch forces led by Hendrick Lonck capture Olinda in what was to become part of Dutch Brazil
1646 Battle of Torrington, Devon – the last major battle of the first English Civil War
1699 First Leopoldine Diploma is issued by the Holy Roman Emperor, recognizing the Greek Catholic clergy enjoyed the same privileges as Roman Catholic priests in the Principality of Transylvania
1742 Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington, becomes British Prime Minister
1804 First Barbary War: Stephen Decatur leads a raid to burn the pirate-held frigate USS Philadelphia
1852 Studebaker Brothers wagon company, precursor of the automobile manufacturer, is established
1862 American Civil War: General Ulysses S. Grant captures Fort Donelson, Tennessee
1866 Spencer Compton Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington becomes British Secretary of State for War
1874 Silver Dollar becomes legal US tender
1881 The Canadian Pacific Railway is incorporated by Act of Parliament at Ottawa (44th Vic., c.1)
1899 Iceland's first football club, Knattspyrnufélag Reykjavíkur, is founded
1918 The Council of Lithuania unanimously adopts the Act of Independence, declaring Lithuania an independent state
1923 Howard Carter unseals the burial chamber of Pharaoh Tutankhamun
1930 The Romanian Football Federation joins FIFA
1934 The Austrian Civil War ends with the defeat of the Social Democrats and the Republican Schutzbund
1936 Elections bring the Popular Front to power in Spain
1937 Wallace H. Carothers receives a United States patent for nylon
1940 World War II: Altmark Incident: The German tanker Altmark is boarded by sailors from the British destroyer HMS Cossack. 299 British prisoners are freed
1943 World War II: Red Army troops re-enter Kharkov
1943 World War II: Insertion of Operation Gunnerside, Norway
1945 World War II: American forces land on Corregidor Island in the Philippines
1957 The "Toddlers' Truce", a controversial television close down between 6.00 pm and 7.00 pm is abolished in the United Kingdom
1959 Fidel Castro becomes Premier of Cuba after dictator Fulgencio Batista was overthrown on January 1
1960 The U.S. Navy submarine USS Triton begins Operation Sandblast, setting sail from New London, Connecticut, to begin the first submerged circumnavigation of the globe
1961 The DuSable Museum of African American History is chartered
1961 Explorer program: Explorer 9 (S-56a) is launched
1962 Flooding in the coastal areas of West Germany kills 315 and destroys the homes of about 60,000 people
1968 In Haleyville, Alabama, the first 9-1-1 emergency telephone system goes into service
1978 The first computer bulletin board system is created (CBBS in Chicago, Illinois)
1983 The Ash Wednesday bushfires in Victoria and South Australia kill 75
1985 Hezbollah is founded
1986 The Soviet liner MS Mikhail Lermontov runs aground in the Marlborough Sounds, New Zealand
1987 The trial of John Demjanjuk, accused of being a Nazi guard dubbed "Ivan the Terrible" in Treblinka extermination camp, starts in Jerusalem
1991 Nicaraguan Contras leader Enrique Bermúdez is assassinated in Managua
1998 China Airlines Flight 676 crashes into a road and residential area near Chiang Kai-shek International Airport in Taiwan, killing all 196 aboard and seven more on the ground
1999 In Uzbekistan, a bomb explodes and gunfire is heard at the government headquarters in an apparent assassination attempt against President Islam Karimov
1999 Across Europe, Kurdish rebels take over embassies and hold hostages after Turkey arrests one of their rebel leaders, Abdullah Öcalan
2005 The Kyoto Protocol comes into force, following its ratification by Russia
2005 The National Hockey League cancels the entire 2004-2005 regular season and playoffs
2006 The last Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (MASH) is decommissioned by the United States Army
2013 A bomb blast at a market in Hazara Town in Quetta, Pakistan, kills more than 80 people and injures 190 others