February 17 events in history

364 Emperor Jovian dies after a reign of eight months. He is found dead in his tent at Tyana (Asia Minor) en route back to Constantinople in suspicious circumstances
1370 Northern Crusades: Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Teutonic Knights meet in the Battle of Rudau
1411 Following the successful campaigns during the Ottoman Interregnum, Musa Çelebi, one of the sons of Bayezid I, becomes Sultan with the support of Mircea I of Wallachia
1500 Duke Friedrich and Duke Johann attempt to subdue the peasantry of Dithmarschen, Denmark, in the Battle of Hemmingstedt
1600 The philosopher Giordano Bruno is burned alive, for heresy, at Campo de' Fiori in Rome
1621 Myles Standish is appointed as first commander of Plymouth colony
1753 In Sweden February 17 is followed by March 1 as the country moves from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar
1801 An electoral tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr is resolved when Jefferson is elected President of the United States and Burr Vice President by the United States House of Representatives
1814 War of the Sixth Coalition: The Battle of Mormans
1819 The United States House of Representatives passes the Missouri Compromise for the first time
1838 Weenen massacre: Hundreds of Voortrekkers along the Blaukraans River, Natal are killed by Zulus
1854 The United Kingdom recognizes the independence of the Orange Free State
1863 A group of citizens of Geneva founded an International Committee for Relief to the Wounded, which later became known as the International Committee of the Red Cross
1864 American Civil War: The H. L. Hunley becomes the first submarine to engage and sink a warship, the USS Housatonic
1865 American Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina, is burned as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union forces
1871 The victorious Prussian Army parades through Paris, France after the end of the Siege of Paris during the Franco-Prussian War
1904 Madama Butterfly receives its première at La Scala in Milan
1913 The Armory Show opens in New York City, displaying works of artists who are to become some of the most influential painters of the early 20th century
1933 The Blaine Act ends Prohibition in the United States
1944 World War II: Operation Hailstone begins. U.S. naval air, surface, and submarine attack against Truk Lagoon, Japan's main base in the central Pacific, in support of the Eniwetok invasion
1944 World War II: The Battle of Eniwetok Atoll begins. The battle ends in an American victory on February 22
1949 Chaim Weizmann begins his term as the first President of Israel
1959 Project Vanguard: Vanguard 2 – The first weather satellite is launched to measure cloud-cover distribution
1964 In Wesberry v. Sanders the Supreme Court of the United States rules that congressional districts have to be approximately equal in population
1964 Gabonese president Leon M'ba is toppled by a coup and his rival, Jean-Hilaire Aubame, is installed in his place
1965 Project Ranger: The Ranger 8 probe launches on its mission to photograph the Mare Tranquillitatis region of the Moon in preparation for the manned Apollo missions. Mare Tranquillitatis or the "Sea of Tranquility" would become the site chosen for the Apollo 11 lunar landing
1968 In Springfield, Massachusetts, the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame opens
1972 Sales of the Volkswagen Beetle exceed those of the Ford Model-T
1974 Robert K. Preston, a disgruntled U.S. Army private, buzzes the White House in a stolen helicopter
1978 The Troubles: The Provisional IRA detonates an incendiary bomb at the La Mon restaurant, near Belfast, killing 12 and seriously injuring 30
1979 The Sino-Vietnamese War begins
1980 Mount Everest, 1st Winter Ascent by Krzysztof Wielicki and Leszek Cichy
1992 Nagorno-Karabakh War: Armenian troops massacre more than 20 Azerbaijani civilians in the village of Qaradağlı
1995 The Cenepa War between Peru and Ecuador ends on a cease-fire brokered by the UN
1996 NASA's Discovery Program begins as the NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft lifts off on the first mission ever to orbit and land on an asteroid, 433 Eros
1996 In Philadelphia, world champion Garry Kasparov beats the Deep Blue supercomputer in a chess match
2003 The London Congestion Charge scheme begins
2006 A massive mudslide occurs in Southern Leyte, Philippines; the official death toll is set at 1,126
2008 Kosovo declares independence as the Republic of Kosovo
2011 Libyan protests begin. In Bahrain, security forces launched a deadly pre-dawn raid on protesters in Pearl Roundabout in Manama, the day is locally known as Bloody Thursday