Died on February 2

619 Laurence of Canterbury the second Archbishop of Canterbury from about 604 to 619. He was a member of the Gregorian mission sent from Italy to England to Christianize the Anglo-Saxons from their native Anglo-Saxon paganism, although the date of his arrival is disputed. He was consecrated archbishop by his predecessor, Augustine of Canterbury, during Augustine's lifetime, to ensure continuity in the office. While archbishop, he attempted unsuccessfully to resolve differences with the native British bishops by corresponding with them about points of dispute. Laurence faced a crisis following the death of King Æthelberht of Kent, when the king's successor abandoned Christianity; he eventually reconverted. Laurence was revered as a saint after his death in 619
880 Bruno Duke of Saxony Duke of Saxony from 866 to his death. He was the eldest son of the Saxon count Liudolf and his wife, Oda of Billung. Bruno is rated as the progenitor of the Brunonen noble family, a branch of the Ottonian dynasty. However some mentions appear to refer to an earlier Saxon margrave Brun the Younger, possibly a grandfather, but this is unclear
1124 Bořivoj II Duke of Bohemia the duke of Bohemia from 25 December 1100 until May 1107 and from December 1117 until 16 August 1120. He was the younger half-brother and successor of Bretislaus His father was Vratislav II of Bohemia, his mother Świętosława of Poland
1154 Viacheslav I of Kiev Vladimirovich , Prince of Smolensk , Turov , Pereyaslavl , Peresopnitsa , Vyshgorod and Grand Prince of Kiev.
1212 Bernhard Count of Anhalt a German prince of the House of Ascania, Count of Anhalt and Ballenstedt, and Lord of Bernburg through his paternal inheritance. From 1180 he was also Duke of Saxony as Bernhard III or Bernhard I
1218 Konstantin of Rostov the eldest son of Vsevolod the Big Nest and Maria Shvarnovna.
1250 Eric XI of Sweden king of Sweden in 1222–1229 and 1234–1250.
1260 Sadok and 48 Dominican martyrs from Sandomierz were Roman Catholic, Dominican martyrs killed by Mongols during the Second Mongol invasion of Poland in 1260. As homage to the deaths of these martyrs, Polish Dominican friars were given special dispensation allowing the usage of red belts in their habits
1294 Louis II Duke of Bavaria Duke of Bavaria and Count Palatine of the Rhine from 1253. Born in Heidelberg, he was a son of duke Otto II and Agnes of the Palatinate. She was a daughter of the Welf Henry V, Count Palatine of the Rhine, her grandfathers were Henry XII the Lion and Conrad of Hohenstaufen
1348 Narimantas the second eldest son of Gediminas, Grand Duke of Lithuania. During various periods of his life, he ruled Pinsk and Polatsk. In 1333 he was invited by Novgorod's nobles to rule and protect territories in the north, Ladoga, Oreshek and Korela. He started the tradition of Lithuanian mercenary service north of Novgorod on the Swedish border that lasted until Novgorod's fall to Moscow in 1477
1353 Anne of Bavaria a queen consort of Bohemia. She was the daughter of Rudolf II, Duke of Bavaria and Count Palatine of the Rhine, and Anna, daughter of Otto III of Carinthia
1435 Joanna II of Naples Queen of Naples from 1414 to her death, upon which the senior Angevin line of Naples became extinct. As a mere formality, she used the title of Queen of Jerusalem, Sicily, and Hungary
1449 Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani a medieval Shafiite Sunni scholar of Islam who represents the entire realm of the Sunni world in the field of Hadith. He is also known as Shaykh al Islam
1491 Martin Schongauer a German engraver and painter. He was the most important German printmaker before Albrecht Dürer
1529 Baldassare Castiglione an Italian courtier, diplomat, soldier and a prominent Renaissance author.
1563 Hans Neusidler a German composer and lutenist of the Renaissance.
1580 Bessho Nagaharu a Japanese daimyo of the Sengoku period. He was the eldest son of Bessho Yasuharu
1590 Catherine of Ricci de' Ricci, O.S.D. was an Italian Dominican Tertiary Religious Sister, who is held to have been a mystic, and is honored as a saint by the Catholic Church
1592 Ana de Mendoza Princess of Eboli a Spanish aristocrat, suo jure 2nd Princess of Mélito, 2nd Duchess of Francavilla and 3rd Countess of Aliano.
1594 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina an Italian Renaissance composer of sacred music and the best-known 16th-century representative of the Roman School of musical composition. He has had a lasting influence on the development of church music, and his work has often been seen as the culmination of Renaissance polyphony
1597 Lucas van Valckenborch a Flemish painter of mainly landscapes, portraits and allegorical scenes.
1637 Tabanıyassı Mehmed Pasha an Ottoman statesman of Albanian descent. He was governor of Egypt from September 1628 to October 1630. He served as Grand Vizier from 18 May 1632 to 1633 under Sultan Murat During the early years of his term, he had the support of the sultan because his of services during the campaign in northwestern Iran. However, after sultan's return to Constantinople, Mehmed Pasha failed to defend the fort of Revan against the Persian counterattack, and the sultan dismissed him from his post. In his later years, he was appointed as the governor of Silistra. In 1637, Murat IV became suspicious of Mehmed Pasha and accused him of attempting to start a rebellion in parts of the Empire. The sultan first imprisoned him at the Yedikule Fortress and then executed him by drowning on 2 February 1637
1648 George Abbot (author) an English writer, known as "The Puritan" and a politician who sat in the House of Commons in two periods between 1640 and 1648.
1660 Gaston Duke of Orléans the third son of King Henry IV of France and his wife Marie de Medici. As a son of the king, he was born a Fils de France. He later acquired the title Duke of Orléans, by which he was generally known during his adulthood. As the eldest surviving brother of King Louis XIII, he was known at court by the traditional honorific Monsieur
1660 Govert Flinck a Dutch painter of the Dutch Golden Age.
1661 Lucas Holstenius the Latinized name of Lukas Holste , German Catholic humanist, geographer and historian.
1673 Kaspar Förster a German singer and composer.
1675 Ivan Belostenec a Croatian linguist and lexicographer.
1682 Jean Le Pautre a French designer and engraver. Le Pautre was an apprentice to a carpenter and builder. In addition to learning mechanical and constructive work, he developed considerable skill with the pencil. His designs, innumerable in quantity and exuberant in content, consisted mainly of ceilings, friezes, chimney-pieces, doorways and mural decorations. He also devised fire-dogs, sideboards, cabinets, console tables, mirrors and other pieces of furniture
1688 Abraham Duquesne a French naval officer, who also saw service as an admiral in the Swedish navy. He was born in Dieppe, a seaport, in 1610, and was a Huguenot. He was the son of a naval officer and therefore became a sailor himself, spending his early years in merchant service
1704 Guillaume de l'Hôpital a French mathematician. His name is firmly associated with l'Hôpital's rule for calculating limits involving indeterminate forms 0/0 and ∞/∞. Although the rule did not originate with l'Hôpital, it appeared in print for the first time in his treatise on the infinitesimal calculus, entitled Analyse des Infiniment Petits pour l'Intelligence des Lignes Courbes. This book was a first systematic exposition of differential calculus. Several editions and translations to other languages were published and it became a model for subsequent treatments of calculus
1712 Martin Lister an English naturalist and physician.
1714 John Sharp (bishop) born at Bradford, and educated at Christ's College, Cambridge.
1723 Antonio Maria Valsalva an Italian anatomist born in Imola. His research focused on the anatomy of the ears. He coined the term Eustachian tube and he described the aortic sinuses of Valsalva in his writings, published posthumously in 1740. His name is associated with the Valsalva antrum of the ear and the Valsalva maneuver, which is used as a test of circulatory function. Anatomical structures bearing his name are Valsalva’s muscle and taeniae Valsalvae
1763 Emmanuel Héré de Corny the court architect to Stanisław Leszczyński, Duke of Lorraine and former King of Poland at his capital of Nancy.
1768 Charles Étienne Louis Camus a French mathematician and mechanician who was born at Crécy-en-Brie, near Meaux.
1768 Robert Smith (mathematician) an English mathematician and music theorist.
1769 Pope Clement XIII Pope from 16 July 1758 to his death in 1769.
1771 Gustaf Otto Douglas a Swedish mercenary, grandson of Robert Douglas, Count of Skenninge. He was captured by Russians during the Battle of Poltava. He was eventually employed by the Russian army during the Great Northern War, and in 1717 was placed in charge of the occupation of Finland. While resident in Turku, Douglas is reputed to have killed a Russian attendant during festivities of some kind. After being sentenced to imprisonment, Douglas bought his freedom with the lives of two hundred Finns, followed by the same number of horses, one from each of the families of these men. Douglas is believed to have made several inhumane pronouncements on the scorched earth policy he employed during the occupation of Finland. By making the land uninhabited and uninhabitable, he sought to leave nothing for his former employers the Swedes to retake. He is generally believed to have been a more cruel and sadistic figure even than his Russian superiors, and bears comparison with Kurtz of Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness, particularly when one considers the 10,000 slaves estimated to have been taken to Russia from Finland during the Greater Wrath
1788 James Stuart (1713–1788) an English archaeologist, architect and artist, best known for his central role in pioneering Neoclassicism.
1789 Armand-Louis Couperin a French composer, organist, and harpsichordist of the late Baroque and early Classical periods. He was a member of the Couperin family of musicians, of which the most notable were his great uncle Louis and his cousin François
1792 Elizaveta Vorontsova a mistress of Emperor Peter III of Russia. During their affair, Peter was rumored to have intentions of divorcing his wife Catherine to marry Vorontsova
1793 William Aiton a Scottish botanist.
1794 Marie Fel a French opera singer and a daughter of the organist Henri Fel.
1802 Welbore Ellis 1st Baron Mendip a British statesman. He held a number of political offices, including briefly serving as Secretary for the Colonies in 1782 during the American War of Independence
1804 George Walton signed the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of Georgia and also served as the second Chief Executive of that state.
1812 Isaac Titsingh a Dutch surgeon, scholar, merchant-trader and ambassador.
1827 Johann Nepomuk Kalcher a German organist and composer. Instructor of Carl Maria von Weber and student of Joseph Graetz
1831 Harman Blennerhassett an Anglo-Irish lawyer and politician.
1836 Letizia Ramolino the mother of Napoleon I of France.