February 2 events in history

506 Alaric II, eighth king of the Visigoths promulgates the Breviary of Alaric (Breviarium Alaricianum or Lex Romana Visigothorum), a collection of "Roman law"
865 The Battle of the Morcuera took place in the context of the Spanish Reconquista. The battle took place at Hoz de la Morcuera near Miranda de Ebro. The battle pitted the Christian forces of Castile and Asturias under Rodrigo of Castile against the forces of the Emirate of Córdoba under Muhammad I of Córdoba resulting in a decisive Cordoban victory
962 Translatio imperii: Pope John XII crowns Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, the first Holy Roman Emperor in nearly 40 years
1032 Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor becomes King of Burgundy
1141 The Battle of Lincoln, at which King Stephen was defeated and captured by the allies of Empress Matilda, presenting her with the unfulfilled opportunity to become the first queen of medieval England
1207 Terra Mariana, comprising present-day Estonia and Latvia, is established
1461 Wars of the Roses: The Battle of Mortimer's Cross is fought in Herefordshire, England
1536 Spaniard Pedro de Mendoza founds Buenos Aires, Argentina
1542 Portuguese forces under Cristovão da Gama capture a Muslim-occupied hill fort in northern Ethiopia in the Battle of Baçente
1653 New Amsterdam (later renamed The City of New York) is incorporated
1709 Alexander Selkirk is rescued after being shipwrecked on a desert island, inspiring the book Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe
1848 Mexican–American War: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed
1848 California Gold Rush: The first ship with Chinese immigrants arrives in San Francisco
1868 Pro-Imperial forces captured Osaka Castle from the Tokugawa shogunate and burned it to the ground
1876 The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs of Major League Baseball is formed
1887 In Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania the first Groundhog Day is observed
1899 The Australian Premiers' Conference held in Melbourne decides to locate Australia's capital city, Canberra, between Sydney and Melbourne
1901 Funeral of Queen Victoria
1913 Grand Central Terminal is opened in New York City
1914 Charlie Chaplin's first film appearance, Making a Living premiered
1920 France occupies Memel
1920 The Tartu Peace Treaty is signed between Estonia and Russia
1922 Ulysses by James Joyce is published
1925 Serum run to Nome: Dog sleds reach Nome, Alaska with diphtheria serum, inspiring the Iditarod race
1933 Working as maids, the sisters Christine and Léa Papin murder their employer's wife and daughter in Le Mans, France. The case is the subject of a number of French films and plays
1934 The Export-Import Bank of the United States is incorporated
1935 Leonarde Keeler tests the first polygraph machine
1943 World War II: The Battle of Stalingrad comes to conclusion as Soviet troops accept the surrender of 91,000 remnants of the Axis forces
1957 Iskander Mirza of Pakistan lays the foundation-stone of the Guddu Barrage
1959 Dyatlov Pass incident
1966 Pakistan suggests a six-point agenda with Kashmir after the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
1971 Idi Amin replaces President Milton Obote as leader of Uganda
1971 The international Ramsar Convention for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands is signed in Ramsar, Mazandaran, Iran
1972 The British embassy in Dublin is destroyed in protest at Bloody Sunday
1976 The Groundhog Day gale hits the north-eastern United States and south-eastern Canada
1980 Reports surface that the FBI is targeting allegedly corrupt Congressmen in the Abscam operation
1982 1982 Hama Massacre: the government of Syria attacks the town of Hama
1987 After the 1986 People Power Revolution, the Philippines enacts a new constitution
1988 Auntie Anne's is founded by Anne F. Beiler in Lancaster, Pennsylvania
1989 Soviet war in Afghanistan: The last Soviet armoured column leaves Kabul
1990 Apartheid: F. W. de Klerk announces the unbanning of the African National Congress and promises to release Nelson Mandela
2000 First digital cinema projection in Europe (Paris) realized by Philippe Binant with the DLP CINEMA technology developed by Texas Instruments
2004 Swiss tennis player Roger Federer becomes the No. 1 ranked men's singles player, a position he will hold for a record 237 weeks
2007 The worst flooding in Indonesia in 300 years begins