Born on February 21

921 Abe no Seimei an onmyōji, a leading specialist of onmyōdō during the middle of the Heian Period in Japan. In addition to his prominence in history, he is a legendary figure in Japanese folklore and has been portrayed in a number of stories and films
1267 Baldwin of Ibelin Seneschal of Cyprus the fourth of five sons of John I of Beirut and his second wife Melisende of Arsuf.
1397 Isabella of Portugal Duchess of Burgundy Duchess of Burgundy as the third wife of Duke Philip the Good. Born a Portuguese infanta of the House of Aviz, Isabella was the only surviving daughter of King John I of Portugal and his wife Philippa of Lancaster. Her son by Philip was Charles the Bold, the last Valois Duke of Burgundy. Isabella was the regent of the Burgundian Low Countries during the absence of her spouse in 1432 and in 1441–1443. She served as her husband's representative in negotiations with England regarding trade relations in 1439 and those with the rebellious cities of Holland in 1444
1462 Joanna la Beltraneja a claimant to the throne of Castile and queen of Portugal as the wife of her uncle, King Afonso V.
1484 Joachim I Nestor Elector of Brandenburg a Prince-elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg. A member of the House of Hohenzollern, his nickname was taken from King Nestor of Greek mythology
1556 Sethus Calvisius a German music theorist, composer, chronologer, astronomer, and teacher of the late Renaissance.
1559 Nurhaci an important Jurchen chieftain who rose to prominence in the late sixteenth century in Manchuria. Nurhaci was part of the Aisin Gioro clan, and reigned from 1616 to his death in September 1626
1594 John Ernest I Duke of Saxe-Weimar a duke of Saxe-Weimar.
1609 Raimondo Montecuccoli an Italian military commander who also served as general for the Habsburg Monarchy, and was also a prince of the Holy Roman Empire and Neapolitan Duke of Melfi.
1621 Rebecca Nurse executed for witchcraft by the government of the Province of Massachusetts Bay in New England in 1692, during the Salem witch trials. She was the wife of Francis Nurse, with several children and grandchildren, and a well-respected member of the community. Although there was no credible evidence against her, she was hanged as a witch on July 19, 1692. This occurred during a time when the Massachusetts colony was seized with hysteria over witchcraft and the supposed presence of Satan within the colony. Her sisters Mary Eastey and Sarah Cloyce were also accused of witchcraft, with Mary found guilty and executed
1675 Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl a Bavarian politician.
1703 Shah Waliullah an Islamic scholar, reformer and founder of modern Islamic thought who attempted to reassess Islamic theology in the light of modern changes. He had spent time at Mecca with Muhammad_ibn_Abd_al-Wahhab who started the Wahhabism philosophy and its implementation along with Saudi monarchs. Shah Waliullah influenced enough people with Wahabi philosophy so that its counterpart in indian subcontinent was created at Deoband. Which now is the Islamic school of Darul_Uloom_Deoband
1705 Edward Hawke 1st Baron Hawke an officer of the Royal Navy. He is best remembered for his service during the Seven Years' War , particularly his victory over a French fleet at the Battle of Quiberon Bay in 1759, preventing a French invasion of Britain. A number of Royal Navy warships were named after him, in commemoration of this. He had also won an earlier victory, the Battle of Cape Finisterre in 1747 which made his name. Hawke acquired a reputation as a "fighting officer" which allowed his career to prosper, despite him possessing a number of political enemies. He developed the concept of a Western Squadron, keeping an almost continuous blockade of the French coast throughout the war
1723 Louis-Pierre Anquetil a French historian.
1725 Johann Jacob Tischbein a German painter of the Tischbein family, known as the Lübecker Tischbein.
1728 Peter III of Russia Emperor of Russia for six months in 1762. He was born as Karl Peter Ulrich, son of the Duke of Holstein-Gottorp. The German Peter could hardly speak Russian and pursued a strongly pro-Prussian policy, which made him an unpopular leader. He was likely assassinated as a result of a conspiracy led by his German wife Princess Sophie Friederike Auguste von Anhalt-Zerbst-Dornburg, who succeeded him to the throne as Catherine II
1732 William Falconer a Scottish poet.
1738 Franz Ludwig von Cancrin a German mineralogist, metallurgist, architect and writer.
1744 Eise Eisinga a Dutch amateur astronomer who built the Eise Eisinga Planetarium in his house in Franeker, Netherlands. The orrery still exists and is the oldest functioning planetarium in the world
1745 Olof Tempelman a Swedish architect and, from 1779, professor at the Royal Swedish Academy of Arts. He was appointed royal architect in 1799
1747 Eugenio Espejo a medical pioneer, writer and lawyer of mestizo origin in colonial Ecuador. Although he was a notable scientist and writer, he stands out as a polemicist who inspired the separatist movement in Quito. He is regarded as one of the most important figures in colonial Ecuador. He was Quito's first journalist and hygienist. As a journalist he spread enlightened ideas in the Royal Audiencia, and as a hygienist he composed an important treatise about sanitary conditions in colonial Ecuador that included interesting remarks about microorganisms and the spreading of disease
1763 Stanoje Glavaš a Serbian hajduk and hero in the First Serbian Uprising.
1770 Georges Mouton a French soldier and political figure who rose to the rank of Marshal of France.
1776 Joseph Barss a sea captain of the schooner Liverpool Packet and was one of the most successful privateers on the North American Atlantic coast during the War of 1812.
1779 Friedrich Carl von Savigny a famous 19th-century jurist and historian.
1783 Catharina of Württemberg the second wife of Jérôme Bonaparte.
1783 Fyodor Petrovich Tolstoy a Russian artist who served as Vice-President of the Imperial Academy of Arts for forty years. His works — wax-reliefs, watercolours, medallions, and silhouettes — are distinguished by a cool detachment and spare and economical classicism
1788 Pyotr Aleksandrovich Chicherin a prominent Russian general that fought against Napoleon’s invasion of Russia. As a result, his portrait was hung in the of the Military Gallery of the Winter Palace
1791 Carl Czerny an Austrian composer, teacher, and pianist of Czech origin whose vast musical production amounted to over a thousand works. His books of studies for the piano are still widely used in piano teaching
1794 Karl Christian Traugott Friedemann Goebel a German pharmacist and chemist.
1794 Antonio López de Santa Anna a Mexican politician and general who greatly influenced early Mexican politics and government. Santa Anna first opposed the movement for Mexican independence from Spain, but then fought in support of Though not the first caudillo of modern Mexico, he was among the earliest
1796 Prince George Bernhard of Anhalt-Dessau a German prince of the House of Ascania from the Anhalt-Dessau branch.
1801 John Henry Newman an important figure in the religious history of England in the 19th century. He was known nationally by the mid-1830s
1801 Heinrich Leberecht Fleischer a German Orientalist.
1801 Jan Kalivoda a composer, conductor and violinist of Bohemian birth.
1805 Theodor Hartig a German forestry biologist and botanist.
1808 Robert Campbell (fur trader) a Hudson's Bay Company fur trader and explorer. He explored a large part of the southern Yukon and northern British Columbia. He established the short-lived Dease Lake Post, and in 1838 he was the first European to reach the Stikine River overland. He established Fort Frances, Yukon on Frances Lake in the Liard River basin. In 1840 he crossed from Frances Lake to the Pelly River becoming the first European to explore the upper Yukon River Basin. He established Fort Selkirk, Yukon at the juncture of the Yukon River and the Pelly River
1809 Teofil Kwiatkowski a Polish painter.
1813 Eugène Bonnemère a French historian and writer.
1814 Nicolò Gabrielli an Italian opera composer.
1815 Jean-Louis-Ernest Meissonier a French Classicist painter and sculptor famous for his depictions of Napoleon, his armies and military themes. He documented sieges and manoeuvres and was the teacher of Édouard Detaille
1817 José Zorrilla a Spanish Romantic poet and dramatist.
1820 Apollo Korzeniowski a Polish poet, playwright, clandestine political activist, and father of Polish-English novelist Joseph Conrad.
1820 Reinhart Dozy a Dutch scholar of French origin, who was born in Leiden. He was a scholar of Arabic language, history and literature
1821 Charles Scribner I a New Yorker who, with Isaac Baker , founded a publishing company that would eventually become Charles Scribner's Sons.
1821 Rachel Félix a French actress.
1821 Robert Needham Cust a British colonial administrator and linguist. The son of Hon. & Rev. Henry Cockayne Cust and the brother of the Earl of Bromlow
1822 Richard Bourke 6th Earl of Mayo a statesman and prominent member of the British Conservative Party from Dublin, Ireland.
1823 Eduard Oscar Schmidt a German zoologist and phycologist.
1823 Pierre Laffitte a French positivist.