Died on February 21

4 Gaius Caesar the oldest son of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Julia the Elder. He was born between 14 August and 13 September 20 BC or according to other sources in 23 September 20 Originally named Gaius Vipsanius Agrippa, when he was adopted by his maternal grandfather the Roman emperor, Augustus, of the Julian gens, his name was accordingly changed to Gaius Julius Caesar
1184 Minamoto no Yoshinaka a general of the late Heian Period of Japanese history. A member of the Minamoto samurai clan, Minamoto no Yoritomo was his cousin and rival during the Genpei War between the Minamoto and the Taira clans
1437 James I of Scotland the son of King Robert III and Annabella Drummond. He was the last of three sons and by the time he was eight both of his elder brothers were dead—Robert had died in infancy but David, Duke of Rothesay died suspiciously in Falkland Castle while being detained by his uncle, Robert, Duke of Albany. Although parliament exonerated Albany, fears for James's safety grew during the winter of 1405–6 and plans were made to send him to France. In February 1406, James was accompanying nobles close to his father when they clashed with supporters of Archibald, 4th Earl of Douglas, forcing the prince to take refuge in the castle of the Bass Rock, a small islet in the Firth of Forth. He remained there until mid-March, when he boarded a vessel bound for France, but on 22 March while off the English coast, pirates captured the ship and delivered James to Henry IV of England. Two weeks later, on 4 April the ailing Robert III died, and the 12-year-old uncrowned King of Scots began his 18-year detention
1471 Jan Rokycana a Hussite theologian and a key figure in Bohemian church history.
1497 Jan IV of Oświęcim a Duke of Oświęcim during 1434–1456 and Duke of Gliwice from 1465 to 1482.
1513 Pope Julius II Pope from 1 November 1503 to his death in 1513. His papacy was marked by an active foreign policy, ambitious building projects, and patronage for the arts—he commissioned the destruction and rebuilding of Peter's Basilica, plus Michelangelo's decoration of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
1543 Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi a Somali Imam and General of the Adal Sultanate who invaded Abyssinia and defeated several Abyssinian emperors. With the help of an army mainly composed of Somalis, Imam Ahmad , embarked on a conquest which brought three-quarters of Abyssinia under the power of the Muslim Sultanate of Adal during the Abyssinian-Adal War from 1529-43
1553 Pedro Álvarez de Toledo Marquis of Villafranca the first effective Spanish viceroy of Naples, 1532–1552, responsible for considerable social, economic and urban change in the city and southern Italian kingdom, in general.
1554 Sibylle of Cleves Electress consort of Saxony.
1554 Hieronymus Bock a German botanist, physician, and Lutheran minister who began the transition from medieval botany to the modern scientific worldview by arranging plants by their relation or resemblance.
1575 Claude of Valois the second daughter of King Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici.
1595 Robert Southwell (Jesuit) an English Roman Catholic priest of the Jesuit Order. He was also a poet and clandestine missionary in post-Reformation England
1624 Dirck van Baburen a Dutch painter associated with the Utrecht Caravaggisti.
1668 John Thurloe a secretary to the council of state in Protectorate England and spymaster for Oliver Cromwell.
1677 Baruch Spinoza a Dutch philosopher. The breadth and importance of Spinoza's work was not fully realized until many years after his death. By laying the groundwork for the 18th-century Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism, including modern conceptions of the self and, arguably, the universe, he came to be considered one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy. His magnum opus, the posthumous Ethics, in which he opposed Descartes's mind–body dualism, has earned him recognition as one of Western philosophy's most important thinkers. In the Ethics, "Spinoza wrote the last indisputable Latin masterpiece, and one in which the refined conceptions of medieval philosophy are finally turned against themselves and destroyed entirely." Philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel said of all contemporary philosophers, "You are either a Spinozist or not a philosopher at all."
1689 Isaac Vossius a Dutch scholar and manuscript collector.
1715 Charles Calvert 3rd Baron Baltimore inherited the colony in 1675 upon the death of his father, Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore. He had been his father's Deputy Governor since 1661 when he arrived in the colony at the age of 24. However, Charles left Maryland for England in 1684 and would never return. The events following the Glorious Revolution in England in 1688 would cost Calvert his title to Maryland; in 1689 the royal charter to the colony was withdrawn, leading to direct rule by the British Crown. Calvert's political problems were largely caused by his Roman Catholic faith which was at odds with the established Church of England. Calvert married four times, outliving three wives, and had at least two children. He died in England in 1715 at the age of 78, his family fortunes much diminished. With his death he passed his title, and his claim to Maryland, to his second son Benedict Leonard Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore , his eldest son Cecil having died young. However, Benedict Calvert would outlive his father by just two months, and It would fall to Charles' grandson, Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore, , to see the family proprietorship in Maryland restored by the king
1730 Pope Benedict XIII Pope from 29 May 1724 to his death in 1730.
1741 Jethro Tull (agriculturist) an English agricultural pioneer from Berkshire who helped bring about the British Agricultural Revolution. He perfected a horse-drawn seed drill in 1701 that economically sowed the seeds in neat rows. He later developed a horse-drawn hoe. Tull's methods were adopted by many great land owners and helped to provide the basis for modern agriculture. This revolutionized the future of agricultural success
1748 Antoine Danchet a French playwright, librettist and dramatic poet.
1788 Johann Georg Palitzsch a German astronomer who became famous for recovering Comet 1P/Halley on Christmas Day, 1758. The periodic nature of this comet had been deduced by its namesake Edmond Halley in 1705, but Halley had died before seeing if his prediction would come true
1814 Andrey Voronikhin a Russian architect and painter. As a representative of classicism he was also one of the founders of the monumental Russian Empire style. Born a serf of the Stroganov family, he is best known for his work on Kazan Cathedral in Saint Petersburg
1821 Georg Friedrich von Martens a German jurist and diplomat. Educated at the universities of Göttingen, Regensburg and Vienna, he became professor of jurisprudence at Göttingen in 1783 and was ennobled in 1789. He was made a counsellor of state by the elector of Hanover in 1808, and in 1810 was president of the financial section of the council of state of the kingdom of Westphalia. In 1814 he was appointed privy cabinet-councillor by the king of Hanover, and in 1816 went as representative of the king to the diet of the new German Confederation at Frankfort
1823 Charles Wolfe an Irish poet, chiefly remembered for "The Burial of Sir John Moore after Corunna" which achieved popularity in 19th century poetry anthologies.
1824 Eugène de Beauharnais the first child and only son of Alexandre de Beauharnais and Joséphine Tascher de la Pagerie, future wife of Napoleon I.
1838 Antoine Isaac Silvestre de Sacy a French linguist and orientalist. His son, Ustazade Silvestre de Sacy, became a journalist
1843 Friedrich von Sallet a German writer, most notable for his political and religion-critiquing poems.
1846 Emperor Ninkō the 120th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
1861 Lars Levi Laestadius a Swedish Sami pastor and administrator of the Swedish state Lutheran church in Lapland who founded the Laestadian pietist revival movement to help his largely Sami congregations, who were being ravaged by alcoholism. Laestadius was also a noted botanist and an author. Laestadius himself became a teetotaller in the 1840s, when he began successfully awakening his Sami parishioners to the misery and destruction alcohol was causing them
1861 Carl Wilhelm von Heideck a military officer, a philhellene and a Bavarian painter.
1862 Justinus Kerner a German poet, practicing physician, and medical writer.
1863 Enrico Marconi an Italian architect who spent most of his life in Congress Poland.
1865 Stapleton Cotton 1st Viscount Combermere a British Army officer, diplomat and politician. As a junior officer he took part in the Flanders Campaign, in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War and in the suppression of Robert Emmet's insurrection in 1803. He commanded a cavalry brigade in Sir Arthur Wellesley's Army before being given overall command of the cavalry in the latter stages of the Peninsular War. He went on to be Commander-in-Chief, Ireland and then Commander-in-Chief, India. In the latter role he stormed Bharatpur—a fort which previously had been deemed impregnable
1865 Constant Troyon born in Sèvres, near Paris, where his father was connected with the famous manufactory of porcelain.
1866 Manuel Felipe de Tovar President of Venezuela from 1859–1861.
1866 Madame Saqui a noted French tightrope walker or "rope dancer." For a time she had her own theatre, which she had re-decorated. She continued to perform into her seventies. In her day she was something of a celebrity and is mentioned in Vanity Fair by William Makepeace Thackeray
1872 Pavel Gagarin a Russian politician and statesman from the Rurikid Gagarin family.
1875 Augustus Raymond Margary a British diplomat and explorer. The murder of Margary and his entire staff, while surveying overland Asian trade routes, sparked the Margary Affair which led to the Chefoo Convention
1876 Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia (1819–1876) a daughter of Emperor Nicholas I of Russia, sister of Alexander II and aunt of Alexander III. In 1839 she married Maximilian, Duke of Leuchtenberg. She was an art collector and President of the Imperial Academy of Arts in Saint Petersburg
1879 Sher Ali Khan Amir of Afghanistan from 1863 to 1866 and from 1868 until his death in 1879. He was the third son of Dost Mohammed Khan, founder of the Barakzai Dynasty in Afghanistan
1880 Izmail Sreznevsky a towering figure in 19th-century Slavic studies.
1886 Jozef Miloslav Hurban a leader of the Slovak National Council and the Slovak Uprising in 1848/1849, a Slovak writer, journalist, politician, organizer of Slovak cultural life and a Protestant priest. He first supported Ján Kollár, but later turned to Ľudovít Štúr. His son Svetozár Hurban-Vajanský followed his father's footsteps both as a writer and nationalist
1891 James Timberlake an American law enforcement officer, Civil War soldier, farmer and rancher who served as a deputy U.S. marshal for the Western District of Missouri. Timberlake is best known for being the chief enforcer and investigator against the James-Younger Gang, beginning in the 1870s, which culminated in the death of the outlaw Jesse James on April 3, 1882, at the hands of Robert Ford
1894 Gustave Caillebotte a French painter, member and patron of the group of artists known as Impressionists, though he painted in a much more realistic manner than many other artists in the group. Caillebotte was noted for his early interest in photography as an art form
1899 George Bowen a British author and colonial administrator whose appointments included postings to the Ionian Islands, Queensland, New Zealand, Victoria, Mauritius and Hong Kong.
1900 Marthinus Nikolaas Ras considered the father of South African Artillery.
1900 Charles Piazzi Smyth Astronomer Royal for Scotland from 1846 to 1888, well known for many innovations in astronomy and his pyramidological and metrological studies of the Great Pyramid of Giza.
1902 Emil Holub a Czech physician, explorer, cartographer, and ethnographer in Africa. In a 2005 poll, he was voted #90 of the 100 greatest Czechs
1909 Georg Semper a German entomologist who specialised in Lepidoptera.
1910 Boutros Ghali the prime minister of Egypt from 1908 to 1910.