February 21 events in history

362 Athanasius returns to Alexandria
1245 Thomas, the first known Bishop of Finland, is granted resignation after confessing to torture and forgery
1440 The Prussian Confederation is formed
1543 Battle of Wayna Daga – A combined army of Ethiopian and Portuguese troops defeats a Muslim army led by Ahmed Gragn
1613 Mikhail I is unanimously elected Tsar by a national assembly, beginning the Romanov dynasty of Imperial Russia
1804 The first self-propelling steam locomotive makes its outing at the Pen-y-Darren Ironworks in Wales
1808 Without a previous declaration of war, Russian troops cross the border to Sweden at Abborfors in eastern Finland, thus beginning the Finnish war, in which Sweden will lose the eastern half of the country (i.e. Finland) to Russia
1828 Initial issue of the Cherokee Phoenix is the first periodical to use the Cherokee syllabary invented by Sequoyah
1842 John Greenough is granted the first U.S. patent for the sewing machine
1848 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish The Communist Manifesto
1862 American Civil War: Battle of Valverde is fought near Fort Craig in New Mexico Territory
1874 The Oakland Daily Tribune publishes its first edition
1878 The first telephone book is issued in New Haven, Connecticut
1885 The newly completed Washington Monument is dedicated
1913 Ioannina is incorporated into the Greek state after the Balkan Wars
1916 World War I: In France, the Battle of Verdun begins
1918 The last Carolina Parakeet dies in captivity at the Cincinnati Zoo
1919 German socialist Kurt Eisner is assassinated. His death results in the establishment of the Bavarian Soviet Republic and parliament and government fleeing Munich, Germany
1921 Rezā Shāh takes control of Tehran during a successful coup
1921 Constituent Assembly of the Democratic Republic of Georgia adopts the country's first constitution
1925 The New Yorker publishes its first issue
1937 The League of Nations bans foreign national "volunteers" in the Spanish Civil War
1945 World War II: Japanese Kamikaze planes sink the escort carrier USS Bismarck Sea and damage the USS Saratoga
1947 In New York City, Edwin Land demonstrates the first "instant camera", the Polaroid Land Camera, to a meeting of the Optical Society of America
1948 NASCAR is incorporated
1952 The British government, under Winston Churchill, abolishes identity cards in the UK to "set the people free"
1952 The Bengali Language Movement protests occur at the University of Dhaka in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh)
1958 The peace symbol, commissioned by Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament in protest against the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment, is designed and completed by Gerald Holtom
1965 Malcolm X is assassinated at the Audubon Ballroom in New York City by members of the Nation of Islam
1971 The Convention on Psychotropic Substances is signed at Vienna
1972 President Richard Nixon visits the People's Republic of China to normalize Sino-American relations
1972 The Soviet unmanned spaceship Luna 20 lands on the Moon
1973 Over the Sinai Desert, Israeli fighter aircraft shoot down Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114 jet killing 108
1974 The last Israeli soldiers leave the west bank of the Suez Canal pursuant to a truce with Egypt
1975 Watergate scandal: Former United States Attorney General John N. Mitchell and former White House aides H. R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman are sentenced to prison
1986 The Legend of Zelda, the first game of The Legend of Zelda series, was released in Japan on the Famicom Disk System
1995 Steve Fossett lands in Leader, Saskatchewan, Canada becoming the first person to make a solo flight across the Pacific Ocean in a balloon