Died on February 22

606 Pope Sabinian Pope from 13 September 604 to his death in 606. Pope during the Byzantine Papacy, he was fourth former apocrisiarius to Constantinople elected pope
965 Otto Duke of Burgundy duke of Burgundy from 956 to his death. Otto was son of Hugh the Great, count of Paris by his wife Hedwige of Saxony, sister of Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, and was brother of king Hugh I of France
970 García Sánchez I of Pamplona the king of Pamplona from 931 until his death, 22 February 970.
978 Lambert of Chalon the count of Chalon from 956 to 978, and count of Autun.
1071 William FitzOsbern 1st Earl of Hereford a relative and close counsellor of William the Conqueror and one of the great magnates of early Norman England. He was created Earl of Hereford before 22 February 1067, one of the first peerage titles in the English peerage
1072 Stigand an English churchman in pre-Norman Conquest England who became Archbishop of Canterbury. His birth date is unknown, but by 1020 he was serving as a royal chaplain and advisor. He was named Bishop of Elmham in 1043, and was later Bishop of Winchester and Archbishop of Canterbury. Stigand was as an advisor to several members of the Anglo-Saxon and Norman English royal dynasties, serving six successive kings. Excommunicated by several popes for his pluralism in holding the two sees, or bishoprics, of Winchester and Canterbury concurrently, he was finally deposed in 1070, and his estates and personal wealth were confiscated by William the Conqueror. Stigand was imprisoned at Winchester, where he died without regaining his liberty
1072 Peter Damian a reforming monk in the circle of Pope Leo IX and a cardinal. In 1823, he was declared a Doctor of the Church. Dante placed him in one of the highest circles of Paradiso as a great predecessor of Saint Francis of Assisi
1094 Hugh de Grandmesnil one of the very few proven Companions of William the Conqueror known to have fought at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. Subsequently he became a great landowner in England
1111 Roger Borsa the Norman Duke of Apulia and Calabria and effective ruler of southern Italy from 1085 until his death. He was the son of Robert Guiscard, the conqueror of southern Italy and Sicily; Roger was not as adept as his father, and most of his reign was spent in feudal anarchy
1274 Ibn Malik an Arab grammarian born in Jaén. After leaving al-Andalus for the Near East, he became a Shāfi‘ī, and taught Arabic language and literature in Aleppo and Hamāt, before eventually settled in Damascus, where he began the most productive period of his life. He was a senior master at the Adiliyya Madrasa. His reputation in Arabic literature was cemented by his al-Khulāsa al-alfiyya , a versification of Arabic grammar, for which at least 43 commentaries have been written
1296 Henry V Duke of Legnica a Duke of Jawor from 1273, of Legnica from 1278, and also Duke of Wrocław from 1290.
1297 Margaret of Cortona an Italian penitent of the Third Order of Francis. She was born in Laviano, near Perugia, and died in Cortona. She was canonized in 1728
1371 David II of Scotland King of Scots from 7 June 1329 until his death.
1452 William Douglas 8th Earl of Douglas a late Mediaeval Scottish nobleman, Lord of Galloway, and Lord of the Regality of Lauderdale, and the most powerful magnate in Southern Scotland.
1500 Gerhard VI Count of Oldenburg a Count of Oldenburg and regent of Bad Zwischenahn in 1440–1482.
1512 Amerigo Vespucci an Italian explorer, financier, navigator and cartographer who first demonstrated that Brazil and the West Indies did not represent Asia's eastern outskirts as initially conjectured from Columbus' voyages, but instead constituted an entirely separate landmass hitherto unknown to Afro-Eurasians. Colloquially referred to as the New World, this second super continent came to be termed "America", deriving its name from Americus, the Latin version of Vespucci's first name
1550 Francesco III Gonzaga Duke of Mantua Duke of Mantua and Marquess of Montferrat from 1540 until his death. He was the eldest son of Federico II Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua and his wife Margaret Paleologina. On 22 October 1549, he married Catherine, a daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I
1583 João I Duke of Braganza the 6th Duke of Braganza and 1st Duke of Barcelos, among other titles. He is known pushing the claims of his wife, Infanta Catherine of Guimarães, to the throne of Portugal
1627 Olivier van Noort the first Dutchman to circumnavigate the world.
1636 Santorio Santorio an Italian physiologist, physician, and professor. He introduced the quantitative approach into medicine and, as his pupil, introduced the mechanistic principles of Galileo Galilei to medicine. His work De medicina statica influenced generations of physicians
1648 Wilhelm Lamormaini a Jesuit theologian, and an influential figure as confessor of the Habsburg emperor Ferdinand II during the Thirty Years' War.
1671 Adam Olearius a German scholar, mathematician, geographer and librarian. He became secretary to the ambassador sent by Frederick III, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, to the Shah of Persia, and published two books about the events and observations during his travels
1674 Jean Chapelain a French poet and critic during the Grand Siècle, best known for his role as an organizer and founding member of the Académie française. Chapelain acquired considerable prestige as a literary critic, but his own major work, an epic poem about Joan of Arc called "La Pucelle," was lampooned by his contemporary Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux
1674 John Wilson (composer) an English composer, lutenist and teacher. Born in Faversham, Kent, he moved to London by 1614, where he succeeded Robert Johnson as principal composer for the King's Men, and entered the King's Musick in 1635 as a lutenist. He received the degree of D.Mus from Oxford in 1644, and he was professor of music there from 1656 to 1661. Following the Restoration, he joined the Chapel Royal in 1662. He died at Westminster
1680 La Voisin a French fortune teller, poisoner and an alleged sorceress, one of the chief personages in the affaire des poisons, during the reign of Louis XIV.
1690 Charles Le Brun a French painter and art theorist. Declared by Louis XIV "the greatest French artist of all time", he was a dominant figure in 17th-century French art and much influenced by Nicolas Poussin
1693 Henrik Horn a freiherr, military, field marshal , admiral and member of the Privy Council of Sweden.
1712 Nicolas Catinat a French military commander and Marshal of France under Louis XIV. The son of a magistrate, Catinat was born in Paris on 1 September 1637. He entered the Gardes Françaises at an early age and distinguished himself at the Siege of Lille in 1667
1720 George VII of Imereti King of Imereti in the periods of 1707–11, 1712–13, 1713–16, and 1719–1720.
1721 Johann Christoph Bach (1671–1721) a German musician and composer. He was the eldest brother of the more famous German musician and composer Johann Sebastian Bach. Johann Christoph was born in Erfurt, where he studied under Johann Pachelbel, and his library of keyboard music included works by Pachelbel, Johann Jakob Froberger and Johann Kaspar Kerll. In 1690 he became organist at the Michaeliskirche at Ohrdruf, and in 1694 he was married there. He died, aged 49, in Ohrdruf
1731 Frederik Ruysch a Dutch botanist and anatomist, remembered for his developments in anatomical preservation and the creation of dioramas or scenes incorporating human parts. Ruysch came to recognition with his proof of valves in the lymphatic system, the Vomeronasal organ in snakes, and arteria centralis oculi
1732 Francis Atterbury an English man of letters, politician and bishop. A High Church Tory and Jacobite, he gained patronage under Queen Anne, but was mistrusted by the Hanoverian Whig ministries, and banished for communicating with the Old Pretender. He was a noted wit and a gifted preacher
1742 Charles Rivington a British publisher.
1746 Guillaume Coustou the Elder a French sculptor and academician. Coustou was the younger brother of French sculptor Nicolas Coustou and the pupil of his mother's brother, Antoine Coysevox. Like his brother, he was employed by Louis XIV and Louis XV
1750 Pietro Filippo Scarlatti an Italian composer, organist and choirmaster.
1756 Pehr Löfling a Swedish botanist and an apostle of Carl Linnaeus.
1760 Anna Magdalena Bach an accomplished singer and the second wife of Johann Sebastian Bach.
1780 Francesco III d'Este Duke of Modena Duke of Modena and Reggio from 1737 until his death.
1785 Peter the Wild Boy a mentally handicapped boy from Hanover in northern Germany who was found in 1725 living wild in the woods near Hamelin , the town of Pied Piper legend. The boy, of unknown parentage, had been living an entirely feral existence for an unknown length of time, surviving by eating forest flora; he walked on all fours, exhibited uncivilized behaviour and could not be taught to speak a language. He is now believed to have suffered from the very rare genetic disorder Pitt-Hopkins Syndrome
1794 Caspar Friedrich Wolff a German physiologist and one of the founders of embryology.
1795 Alexander Gerard a Scottish minister, academic and philosophical writer.
1797 Baron Münchhausen a German nobleman and a famous recounter of tall tales. He joined the Russian military and took part in two campaigns against the Ottoman Turks. Upon returning home, Münchhausen is said to have told a number of outrageously farfetched stories about his adventures
1799 Heshen from the Manchu Niohuru clan and an official of the Qing dynasty who was favoured by the Qianlong Emperor. Born Shanbao , his given name was later changed to Heshen. His courtesy name was Zhizhai. He was a member of the Plain Red Banner, and known as the most corrupt official in Chinese history. Heshen was born as the son of a Manchu military officer and was selected to go to the most privileged school for Manchu aristocratic boys. He lost his mother when he was young and it was said he and his younger brother had a hard life under his stepmother. However, it was reported that Heshen was an excellent student, knowing several languages including Mandarin, Manchu, Mongolian and Tibetan. In 1772, he began work in the Imperial Palace, assigned as an imperial bodyguard and was stationed at the gates to the Forbidden City
1808 Giovanni Maria Angioy considered to be a national hero by Sardinian nationalists. Although best known for his political activities, Angioy was a university lecturer, a judge for the Reale Udienza, an entrepreneur and a banker
1809 Count Ludwig von Cobenzl a diplomat and politician of the Habsburg Monarchy.
1810 Charles Brockden Brown generally regarded by scholars as the most important American novelist before James Fenimore Cooper. He is the most frequently studied and republished practitioner of the "early American novel," or the US novel between 1789 and roughly 1820. Although Brown was not the first American novelist, as some early criticism claimed, the breadth and complexity of his achievement as a writer in multiple genres makes him a crucial figure in US literature and culture of the 1790s and first decade of the 19th century, and a significant public intellectual in the wider Atlantic print culture and public sphere of the era of the French Revolution
1815 Smithson Tennant an English chemist.
1816 Adam Ferguson a Scottish philosopher and historian of the Scottish Enlightenment. Ferguson was sympathetic to traditional societies, such as the Highlands, for producing courage and loyalty. He criticized commercial society as making men weak, dishonourable and unconcerned for their community. Ferguson has been called "the father of modern sociology." His most well known work is his Essay on the History of Civil Society
1820 Margravine Elisabeth Louise of Brandenburg-Schwedt a Prussian princess. She was a daughter of Margrave Frederick William of Brandenburg-Schwedt and his wife Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia
1827 Charles Willson Peale an American painter, soldier and naturalist. He is best remembered for his portrait paintings of leading figures of the American Revolution, as well as for establishing one of the first museums