Died on February 23

375 Saint Gorgonia the daughter of Saint Gregory the Elder and Saint Nonna. She is remembered in both Western and Eastern Churches for her piety as a married woman
572 Chihor-Vishnasp a Iranian military officer from the Suren family, who served as the governor of Persian Armenia from 564 until his murder in 23 February 572 by the Armenian rebel Vardan III Mamikonian.
715 Al-Walid I an Umayyad caliph who ruled from 705 until his death in 715. His reign saw the greatest expansion of the Caliphate, as successful campaigns were undertaken in Transoxiana, Sind, Hispania and against the Byzantines
1011 Willigis Archbishop of Mainz from 975 until his death as well as a statesman of the Holy Roman Empire.
1100 Emperor Zhezong of Song the seventh emperor of the Song Dynasty of China. His personal name was Zhào Xù. He reigned from 1085 to 1100
1103 Constantine I Prince of Armenia the second lord of Armenian Cilicia or “Lord of the Mountains”. During his rule, he controlled the greater part of the regions around the Taurus Mountains, and invested much of his efforts in cultivating the lands and rebuilding the towns within his domain. He provided ample provisions to the Crusaders, for example during the difficult period of the siege of Antioch in the winter of 1097. He was a passionate adherent of the separated Armenian Church
1270 Isabelle of France (saint) the daughter of Louis VIII of France and Blanche of Castile. She was a younger sister of King Louis IX of France and of Alfonso, Count of Poitiers, and an older sister of King Charles I of Sicily. In 1256 she founded the Poor Clare Monastery of Longchamp in the part of the Forest of Rouvray now called the Bois de Boulogne, west of Paris. She is honored as a saint by the Franciscan Order
1442 Johannes von Gmunden a German/Austrian astronomer, mathematician, humanist and early instrument maker.
1447 Humphrey of Lancaster 1st Duke of Gloucester "son, brother and uncle of kings", being the fourth and youngest son of King Henry IV of England by his first wife, Mary de Bohun, brother to King Henry V of England, and uncle to the latter's son, King Henry VI of England.
1447 Pope Eugene IV Pope from 3 March 1431 to his death in 1447. He is the last pope to take the name "Eugene" upon his election
1464 Zhengtong Emperor an emperor of the Ming Dynasty. He ruled as the Zhengtong Emperor from 1435 to 1449, and as the Tianshun Emperor from 1457 to 1464. His first era name means "Right governance" and the second one means "Obedient to Heaven"
1473 Arnold Duke of Guelders Duke of Guelders, Count of Zutphen. He was son of John II of Egmond and Maria van Arkel
1507 Gentile Bellini an Italian painter. From 1474 he was the official portrait artist for the Doges of Venice
1511 Henry Duke of Cornwall the name of two sons of King Henry VIII of England and his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.
1526 Diego Columbus a Portuguese navigator and explorer. He served as the 2nd Admiral of the Indies, 2nd Viceroy of the Indies and 3rd Governor of the Indies. He was the eldest son of Christopher Columbus and wife Filipa Moniz Perestrelo
1546 Francis Count of Enghien a French prince of the blood. He was the son of Charles de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme
1554 Henry Grey 1st Duke of Suffolk an English nobleman of the Tudor period and the father of Lady Jane Grey.
1572 Pierre Certon a French composer of the Renaissance. He was a representative of the generation after Josquin and Mouton, and was influential in the late development of the French chanson
1577 Nicolas Duke of Mercœur the second son of Antoine, Duke of Lorraine and Renée de Bourbon.
1577 Ibrahim Mirza now mainly remembered as a patron of the arts, especially the Persian miniature. Although most of his library and art collection was apparently destroyed by his wife after his murder, surviving works commissioned by him include the manuscript of the Haft Awrang of the poet Jami which is now in the Freer Gallery of Art in Washington D.C
1603 François Viète a French mathematician whose work on new algebra was an important step towards modern algebra, due to its innovative use of letters as parameters in equations. He was a lawyer by trade, and served as a privy councillor to both Henry III and Henry IV
1603 Andrea Cesalpino an Italian physician, philosopher and botanist.
1631 Jacob Keller a German Jesuit theologian, author, and religious instructor.
1632 Giambattista Basile a Neapolitan poet, courtier, and fairy tale collector.
1662 Johann Crüger a German composer of well-known hymns.
1669 Lieuwe van Aitzema a Dutch historian, diplomat, bon viveur, philanderer and spy.
1671 William August Duke of Saxe-Eisenach a duke of Saxe-Eisenach.
1704 Henry Noris an Italian church historian, theologian and Cardinal, of Irish ancestry.
1704 Georg Muffat a Baroque composer. He is most well known for the remarkably articulate and informative performance directions printed along with his collections of string pieces Florilegium Primum and Florilegium Secundum in 1695 and 1698
1717 Magnus Stenbock a Swedish military officer at the time of the Great Northern War.
1719 Bartholomäus Ziegenbalg a member of the Lutheran clergy and the first Pietist missionary to India.
1766 Stanisław I King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania, Duke of Lorraine and a count of the Holy Roman Empire.
1781 George Taylor (delegate) a Colonial ironmaster and a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of Pennsylvania. Today, his former home, the George Taylor House in Catasauqua, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, is a National Historic Landmark owned by the Borough of Catasauqua
1792 Joshua Reynolds an influential eighteenth-century English painter, specialising in portraits. He promoted the "Grand Style" in painting which depended on idealization of the imperfect. He was a founder and first president of the Royal Academy, and was knighted by George III in 1769
1795 Johann Siegfried Hufnagel a German parson and entomologist.
1797 Louis-Joseph Charlier a French statesman during the French Revolution, an early supporter of the Montagnard faction of the National Convention, but ultimately one of many turncoats to betray the régime of the French Terror. He is sometimes referred to as Charles
1800 Joseph Warton an English academic and literary critic.
1803 Praskovia Kovalyova-Zhemchugova a Russian serf actress and soprano opera singer.
1806 John Alcock (organist) an English organist and composer. He wrote instrumental music, glees and much church music
1809 Dirk van der Aa best known for his allegorical work.
1821 John Keats an English Romantic poet. He was one of the main figures of the second generation of Romantic poets along with Lord Byron and Percy Bysshe Shelley despite his work having been in publication for only four years before his death
1822 Johann Matthäus Bechstein a German naturalist, forester, ornithologist, entomologist, and herpetologist. In Great Britain, he was known for his treatise on singing birds
1824 Blasius Merrem a German naturalist, zoologist, ornithologist, mathematician, and herpetologist. In 1804, he became the professor of political economy and botany at the University of Marburg
1830 Jean-Pierre Norblin de La Gourdaine a French-born painter, draughtsman, engraver, drawing artist and caricaturist. From 1774 to 1804 he resided in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, where he obtained citizenship
1831 Fabian Steinheil a Russian military officer, and the Governor-General of Finland between 1810 and 1824.
1834 Karl Ludwig von Knebel a German poet and translator.
1839 Mikhail Speransky a Russian reformist during the reign of Alexander I of Russia, to which he was a close advisor. He later served under Tsar Nicholas I of Russia. Speransky is referred to as the father of Russian liberalism
1841 Louis Nicolas Philippe Auguste de Forbin the French painter and antiquary who succeeded Vivant Denon as curator of the Musée du Louvre and the other museums of France.
1848 John Quincy Adams an American statesman who served as the sixth President of the United States from 1825 to 1829. He also served as a diplomat, a Senator and member of the House of Representatives. He was a member of the Federalist, Democratic-Republican, National Republican, and later Anti-Masonic and Whig parties
1850 William Allan (painter) a distinguished Scottish historical painter known for his scenes of Russian life. He became president of the Royal Scottish Academy and was made a Royal Academician