Born on February 24

1102 Constantine I Prince of Armenia the second lord of Armenian Cilicia or “Lord of the Mountains”. During his rule, he controlled the greater part of the regions around the Taurus Mountains, and invested much of his efforts in cultivating the lands and rebuilding the towns within his domain. He provided ample provisions to the Crusaders, for example during the difficult period of the siege of Antioch in the winter of 1097. He was a passionate adherent of the separated Armenian Church
1103 Emperor Toba the 74th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
1265 Roger IV Count of Foix the seventh count of Foix from 1241 to his death. His reign began with the south again at war with the north in France and, though he was reluctant to join his father's old ally, Raymond VII of Toulouse, in revolt and he did not aid the king of England, Henry III, in his Saintonge War
1413 Louis Duke of Savoy Duke of Savoy from 1440 until his death.
1463 Giovanni Pico della Mirandola an Italian Renaissance philosopher. He is famed for the events of 1486, when at the age of 23, he proposed to defend 900 theses on religion, philosophy, natural philosophy and magic against all comers, for which he wrote the famous Oration on the Dignity of Man, which has been called the "Manifesto of the Renaissance", and a key text of Renaissance humanism and of what has been called the "Hermetic Reformation"
1500 Charles V Holy Roman Emperor ruler of the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and, as Charles I, of the Spanish Empire from 1516 until his voluntary abdication in favor of his younger brother Ferdinand I as Holy Roman Emperor and his son Philip II as King of Spain in 1556.
1536 Pope Clement VIII Pope from 30 January 1592 to his death in 1605.
1545 John of Austria
1557 Matthias Holy Roman Emperor a member of the House of Habsburg, reigned as Holy Roman Emperor from 1612, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1608 and King of Bohemia from 1611. He was a member of the House of Habsburg
1567 Jindrich Matyas Thurn a Bohemian nobleman, one of leaders of Protestant revolt against Emperor Ferdinand II and in events that led to the Thirty Years War, and in the end a military leader and diplomat in Swedish service, who eventually resided in Swedish Estonia.
1595 Maciej Kazimierz Sarbiewski Europe's most prominent Latin poet of the 17th century, and a renowned theoretician of poetics.
1597 Vincent Voiture the son of a rich wine merchant of Amiens. He was introduced by a schoolfellow, the count Claude d'Avaux, to Gaston, Duke of Orléans, and accompanied him to Brussels and Lorraine on diplomatic missions
1613 Mattia Preti an Italian Baroque artist who worked in Italy and Malta.
1619 Robert Aske (merchant) a merchant in the City of London. He is remembered primarily for the charitable foundation created from his estate, which nowadays operates two schools in Hertfordshire, Haberdashers' Aske's Boys' School and Haberdashers' Aske's School for Girls, and others elsewhere
1619 Charles Le Brun a French painter and art theorist. Declared by Louis XIV "the greatest French artist of all time", he was a dominant figure in 17th-century French art and much influenced by Nicolas Poussin
1622 Johannes Clauberg a German theologian and philosopher. Clauberg was the founding Rector of the first University of Duisburg, where he taught from 1655 to 1665. He is known as a "scholastic cartesian"
1670 Rajaram Chhatrapati the younger son of the first Maratha chhatrapati Shivaji, half-brother of the second Chhatrapati Sambhaji, and took over the Maratha Empire as its third chhatrapati after his brother's death at the hands of the Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb in 1689. He had a very short reign, during which he was engaged in a struggle with the Mughals
1684 Matthias Braun a sculptor and carver active in the Czech lands, one of the most prominent late baroque style sculptors in the area.
1693 James Quin an English actor of Irish descent.
1697 Bernhard Siegfried Albinus a German-born Dutch anatomist.
1704 Johann Hieronymus Kniphof a German physician and botanist.
1709 Jacques de Vaucanson a French inventor and artist who was responsible for the creation of impressive and innovative automata and machines such as the first completely automated loom.
1721 John McKinly an American physician and politician from Wilmington, in New Castle County, Delaware. He was a veteran of the French and Indian War, served in the Delaware General Assembly, was the first elected President of Delaware, and for a time was a member of the Federalist Party
1722 John Burgoyne a British army officer, politician and dramatist. He first saw action during the Seven Years' War when he participated in several battles, most notably during the Portugal Campaign of 1762
1743 Joseph Banks an English naturalist, botanist and patron of the natural sciences.
1745 Fyodor Ushakov the most illustrious Russian naval commander and admiral of the 18th century.
1753 Henri-Pierre Danloux a French painter and draftsman.
1756 Ivan Lopukhin an Imperial Russian philosopher, mystic, writer and humanitarian.
1762 Charles Frederick Horn an English musician and composer. Born in Germany, he emigrated to London with few possessions and no knowledge of the English language, yet rose to become a music teacher in the Royal Household. As an editor and arranger, he helped introduce the music of Johann Sebastian Bach to England
1767 Buddha Loetla Nabhalai the second monarch of Siam under the House of Chakri, ruling from 1809 to 1824. In 1809, Itsarasunthon succeeded his father Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke, the founder of Chakri dynasty, as Buddha Loetla Nabhalai the King of Siam. His reign was largely peaceful, devoid of major conflicts. His reign was known as the "Golden Age of Rattanakosin Literature" as Buddha Loetla Nabhalai was patron to a number of poets in his court and the King himself was a renowned poet and artist. The most notable poet in his employ was the illustrious Sunthorn Phu, the author of Phra Aphai Mani
1771 Johann Baptist Cramer an English musician of German origin. He was the son of Wilhelm Cramer, a famous London violinist and musical conductor, one of a numerous family who were identified with the progress of music during the 18th and 19th centuries
1772 William H. Crawford an American politician and judge during the early 19th century. He served as United States Secretary of War from 1815 to 1816 and United States Secretary of the Treasury from 1816 to 1825, and was a candidate for President of the United States in 1824
1774 Prince Adolphus Duke of Cambridge the tenth child and seventh son of George III and Queen Charlotte. He held the title of Duke of Cambridge from 1801 until his death. He also served as Viceroy of Hanover on behalf of his brothers George IV and William He was the grandfather of Mary of Teck, Queen consort of King George V, and great-great-grandfather of the current monarch, Elizabeth II
1774 Archibald Constable a Scottish publisher, bookseller and stationer.
1776 Alexander Stupin a Russian painter and art teacher. He founded and led the Arzamas School of Painting, Russia's first provincially-based art school
1779 Matija Ahacel a Carinthian Slovene philologist, publicist, and collector of folk songs.
1784 Maciej Rybiński Polish general, last chief of State of November Uprising.
1785 François Mauguin a French lawyer and politician. He was a Deputy from 1827 to 1848 and a Representative in 1848 and 1849. He played a leading role in the July Revolution of 1830. At first a passionate liberal, he later became increasingly conservative
1786 Martin W. Bates a lawyer and politician from Dover, in Kent County, Delaware. He was a member of the Federalist Party, and then the Democratic Party, who served in the Delaware General Assembly and as U.S. Senator from Delaware
1786 Wilhelm Grimm a German author, the younger of the Brothers Grimm.
1788 Johan Christian Dahl Claussen Dahl , often known as C. Dahl or C. Dahl, was a Norwegian artist who is considered the first great romantic painter in Norway, the founder of the "golden age" of Norwegian painting, and one of the great European artists of all time. He is often described as "the father of Norwegian landscape painting" and is regarded as the first Norwegian Painter ever to reach a level of artistic accomplishment comparable to that attained by the greatest European artists of his day. He was also the first acquire genuine fame and cultural renown abroad. As one critic has put it, "J.C. Dahl occupies a central position in Norwegian artistic life of the first half of the 19th century
1791 Sveinbjörn Egilsson an Icelandic theologian, classicist, teacher, translator and poet. He is best known for the work he did during his time as the rector of The Learned School of Reykjavík , particularly his translations of Homer's Odyssey and Iliad into Icelandic
1791 Ignaz Czapka a mayor of Vienna.
1794 María Manuela Kirkpatrick the mother of Eugénie, Empress of the French.
1799 Siegfried Dehn a German music theorist, editor, teacher and librarian.
1804 Pierre-Marie-Charles de Bernard du Grail de la Villette a French writer.
1806 William Webb Ellis Rev. William Webb Ellis was an Anglican clergyman who is famous for allegedly being the inventor of Rugby football whilst a pupil at Rugby School
1809 Edwin Freiherr von Manteuffel a German Generalfeldmarschall noted for his victories in the Franco-Prussian War.
1810 Matías Ramos Mejía an Argentine colonel. He joined the 1828 coup of Juan Lavalle against Manuel Dorrego, and the 1839 rebellion of the Freemen of the South. He took part in the move of Lavalle's corpse to Potosí. He also fought in the Paraguayan War. He is the father of historian José María Ramos Mejía
1811 Friedrich Daniel Bassermann best known for calling for a pan-German Parliament at the Frankfurt Parliament. He emphasized the value of a national self-esteem based on progress and freedom