Died on February 24

616 Æthelberht of Kent King of Kent from about 558 or 560 until his death. The eighth-century monk Bede, in his Ecclesiastical History of the English People, lists Aethelberht as the third king to hold imperium over other Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. In the late ninth century Anglo-Saxon Chronicle Æthelberht is referred to as a bretwalda, or "Britain-ruler". He was the first English king to convert to Christianity
1386 Charles III of Naples King of Naples and titular King of Jerusalem from 1382 to 1386 as Charles III, and King of Hungary from 1385 to 1386 as Charles In 1382 Charles created the order of Argonauts of Saint Nicholas. In 1383 he succeeded to the Principality of Achaea on the death of James of Baux
1496 Eberhard I Duke of Württemberg From 1459 until 1495 he was Count Eberhard From July 1495 he was the first Duke of Württemberg. He is also known as Eberhard im Bart
1525 Guillaume Gouffier seigneur de Bonnivet a French soldier.
1525 Louis II de la Trémoille a French general. He served under three kings: Charles VIII, Louis XII, and Francis He was killed in combat at the Battle of Pavia
1563 Francis Duke of Guise a French soldier and politician.
1588 Johann Weyer a Dutch physician, occultist and demonologist, disciple and follower of Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa. He was among the first to publish against the persecution of witches. His most influential work is De Praestigiis Daemonum et Incantationibus ac Venificiis
1645 Krzysztof Ossoliński a Polish-Lithuanian szlachcic.
1666 Nicholas Lanier an English composer, singer, lutenist and painter.
1685 Charles Howard 1st Earl of Carlisle an English military leader and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1653 and 1660 and was created Earl of Carlisle in 1661.
1685 Archduchess Isabella Clara of Austria Not to be confused with Isabella Clara Eugenia, sovereign of the Netherlands.
1704 Marc-Antoine Charpentier a French composer of the Baroque era.
1714 Edmund Andros an English colonial administrator in North America. He was the governor of the Dominion of New England during most of its three-year existence. At other times, Andros served as governor of the provinces of New York, East and West Jersey, Virginia, and Maryland. Before his service in North America, he served as bailiff of Guernsey. Andros' tenure in New England was authoritarian and turbulent, as his views were decidedly pro-Anglican, a negative quality in a region home to many Puritans. His actions in New England resulted in his overthrow during the 1689 Boston revolt
1721 John Sheffield 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby an English poet and notable Tory politician of the late Stuart period, who served as Lord Privy Seal and Lord President of the Council.
1729 Ernst Ludwig II Duke of Saxe-Meiningen a duke of Saxe-Meiningen.
1732 Francis Charteris (rake) a Scottish soldier and adventurer who earned a substantial sum of money through gambling and the South Sea Bubble. He was convicted of raping a servant in 1730 and sentenced to death, but was subsequently pardoned, before dying of natural causes shortly afterwards
1761 Frederick William Prince of Solms-Braunfels the first Prince of Solms-Braunfels. He was the son of Count William Maurice of Solms-Braunfels and his wife Magdalene Sophie of Hesse-Homburg
1777 Joseph I of Portugal the King of Portugal and the Algarves from 31 July 1750 until his death.
1779 Paul Daniel Longolius the main editor of volumes 3 through 18 of Johann Heinrich Zedler's Grosses vollständiges Universal-Lexicon from 1733 to 1739, replacing Jacob August Franckenstein, who had edited the first two volumes. His successor was Carl Günther Ludovici
1780 Johan Adam Pollich a German doctor, botanist and entomologist.
1781 Edward Capell an English Shakespearian critic.
1785 Carlo Buonaparte a Corsican lawyer and politician who briefly served as a personal assistant of the revolutionary leader Pasquale Paoli and eventually rose to become Corsica's representative to the court of Louis XVI. After his death, his son Napoleon became Emperor of the French, and several of his other children received royal titles from their brother
1799 Georg Christoph Lichtenberg a German scientist, satirist, and Anglophile. As a scientist, he was the first to hold a professorship explicitly dedicated to experimental physics in Germany. Today, he is remembered for his posthumously published notebooks, which he himself called Sudelbücher, a description modeled on the English bookkeeping term "scrapbooks", and for his discovery of the strange tree-like patterns now called Lichtenberg figures
1806 Collin d'Harleville a French dramatist.
1806 Tommaso Giordani an Italian composer active in England and particularly in Ireland.
1810 Henry Cavendish a British natural philosopher, scientist, and an important experimental and theoretical chemist and physicist. Cavendish is noted for his discovery of hydrogen or what he called "inflammable air". He described the density of inflammable air, which formed water on combustion, in a 1766 paper "On Factitious Airs". Antoine Lavoisier later reproduced Cavendish's experiment and gave the element its name
1812 Étienne-Louis Malus a French officer, engineer, physicist, and mathematician.
1815 Robert Fulton widely credited with developing the first commercially successful steamboat. In 1800, he was commissioned by Napoleon Bonaparte to design the "Nautilus", which was the first practical submarine in history. He is also credited with inventing some of the world's earliest naval torpedoes for use by the British Royal Navy
1821 Marie-Anne Collot a French sculptor. She was the student and daughter-in-law of Etienne Falconet and is most well known as a portraitist, close to the philosophic and artistic circles of Diderot and Catherine the Great
1823 Friedrich Ludwig von Sckell a German landscape gardener from Weilburg an der Lahn.
1824 Sir Albemarle Bertie 1st Baronet a long-serving and at time controversial officer of the British Royal Navy who saw extensive service in his career but also courted controversy with several of his actions.
1825 Thomas Bowdler an English physician and philanthropist, best known for publishing The Family Shakspeare, an expurgated edition of William Shakespeare's work, edited by his sister Henrietta Maria Bowdler, intended to be more appropriate for 19th century women and children than the original. Although early editions of the work were published with the spelling "Shakspeare", after Bowdler's death, later editions adopted the spelling "Shakespeare", reflecting changes in the standard spelling of Shakespeare's name
1836 Dániel Berzsenyi a Hungarian poet.
1838 Christoph Johann von Medem nobleman from Courland and courtier in the courts of Prussian kings Frederick the Great, Frederick William II and Emperor of Russia Paul His sisters were poet Elisa von der Recke and last Duchess of Courland, Dorothea von Medem.
1849 Wacław Michał Zaleski a Polish poet, writer, researcher of folklore, theatre critic, political activist, and governor of Galicia.
1855 Carl Anton von Meyer a German, Russified botanist and explorer.
1856 Nikolai Lobachevsky a Russian mathematician and geometer, known primarily for his work on hyperbolic geometry, otherwise known as Lobachevskian geometry.
1862 Bernhard Severin Ingemann a Danish novelist and poet.
1862 Franz Jakob Clemens a German Catholic philosopher, a layman who defended the Catholic Church even on theological questions.
1863 Karl Franzevich Albrecht a German-Russian musician and composer. He was born in Poznań
1866 Bernhard Rudolf Abeken a German philologist and literature historian.
1868 Carl Olof Rosenius a Swedish preacher, author and editor of the monthly Pietisten from 1842 to 1868.
1871 Julius Weisbach a German mathematician and engineer.
1873 Spyridon Trikoupis a Greek statesman, diplomat, author and orator. He was the first Prime Minister of Greece and member of provisional governments of Greece since 1826
1876 Joseph Jenkins Roberts the first and seventh President of Liberia. Born free in Norfolk, Virginia, US, Roberts emigrated to Liberia in 1829 as a young man. He opened a trading store in Monrovia, and later engaged in politics. When Liberia became independent in 1847, Roberts was elected the first president, serving until 1856. In 1872 he was elected again to serve as Liberia's seventh president
1879 Shiranui Kōemon a sumo wrestler from Kikuchi, Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan. He was the sport's 11th yokozuna
1884 Georg Büchmann a German philologist. He was born in Berlin, and died there in Schöneberg
1886 Hugh Stowell Brown a Manx Christian minister and renowned preacher.
1891 Hermann Winterhalter a German painter, younger brother of the portrait painter Franz Xaver Winterhalter.
1893 Karl Anton Eugen Prantl a German botanist.