February 24 events in history

303 Galerius publishes his edict that begins the persecution of Christians in his portion of the Roman Empire
484 King Huneric removes the Christian bishops from their offices and banished some to Corsica. A few are martyred, including former proconsul Victorian along with Frumentius and other merchants. They are killed at Hadrumetum after refusing to become Arians
1303 Battle of Roslin, of the First War of Scottish Independence
1387 King Charles III of Naples and Hungary is assassinated at Buda
1525 Spanish-Imperial army defeat French army at Battle of Pavia
1538 Treaty of Nagyvárad between Ferdinand I and John Zápolya
1582 Pope Gregory XIII announces the Gregorian calendar
1607 L'Orfeo by Claudio Monteverdi, one of the first works recognized as an opera, receives its première performance
1711 The London première of Rinaldo by George Frideric Handel, the first Italian opera written for the London stage
1803 In Marbury v. Madison, the Supreme Court of the United States establishes the principle of judicial review
1809 London's Drury Lane Theatre burns to the ground, leaving owner Richard Brinsley Sheridan destitute
1822 The first Swaminarayan temple in the world, Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Ahmedabad, is inaugurated
1826 The signing of the Treaty of Yandabo marks the end of the First Anglo-Burmese War
1831 The Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, the first removal treaty in accordance with the Indian Removal Act, is proclaimed. The Choctaws in Mississippi cede land east of the river in exchange for payment and land in the West
1848 King Louis-Philippe of France abdicates the throne
1863 Arizona is organized as a United States territory
1868 Andrew Johnson becomes the first President of the United States to be impeached by the United States House of Representatives. He is later acquitted in the Senate
1875 The SS Gothenburg hits the Great Barrier Reef and sinks off the Australian east coast, killing approximately 100, including a number of high profile civil servants and dignitaries
1881 China and Russia sign the Sino-Russian Ili Treaty
1895 Revolution breaks out in Baire, a town near Santiago de Cuba, beginning the Cuban War of Independence, that ends with the Spanish–American War in 1898
1916 Governor-General of Korea established clinic called Jahyewon in Sorokdo to segregate Hansen's disease patients
1917 World War I: The U.S. ambassador to the United Kingdom is given the Zimmermann Telegram, in which Germany pledges to ensure the return of New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona to Mexico if Mexico declares war on the United States
1918 Estonian Declaration of Independence
1920 The Nazi Party is founded
1942 The Battle of Los Angeles, one of the largest documented UFO sightings in history; the event lasted into the early hours of February 25
1942 An order-in-council passed under the Defence of Canada Regulations of the War Measures Act gives the Canadian federal government the power to intern all "persons of Japanese racial origin"
1944 Merrill's Marauders: The Marauders begin their 1,000-mile journey through Japanese occupied Burma
1945 Egyptian Premier Ahmad Mahir Pasha is killed in Parliament after reading a decree
1968 Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive is halted; South Vietnam recaptures Hué
1971 The All India Forward Bloc holds an emergency central committee meeting after its chairman, Hemantha Kumar Bose, is killed 3 days earlier. P.K. Mookiah Thevar is appointed as the new chairman
1976 Cuba: national Constitution is proclaimed
1980 The United States Olympic Hockey team completes their Miracle on Ice by defeating Finland 4-2 to win the gold medal
1981 An earthquake registering 6.7 on the Richter scale hits Athens, killing 16 people and destroying buildings in several towns west of the city
1983 A special commission of the U.S. Congress releases a report that condemns the practice of Japanese internment during World War II
1984 Tyrone Mitchell perpetrates the 49th Street Elementary School shooting in Los Angeles, killing two children and injuring 12 more
1989 Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini offers a US$3 million bounty for the death of The Satanic Verses author Salman Rushdie
1989 United Airlines Flight 811, bound for New Zealand from Honolulu, rips open during flight, blowing 9 passengers out of the business-class section
1996 The last occurrence of February 24 as a leap day in the European Union and for the Roman Catholic Church
1999 The U.S. state of Arizona executes Karl LaGrand, a German national convicted of murder during a botched bank robbery, in spite of Germany's legal action to attempt to save him
2006 Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo declares Proclamation 1017 placing the country in a state of emergency in attempt to subdue a possible military coup
2007 Japan launches its fourth spy satellite, stepping up its ability to monitor potential threats such as North Korea
2008 Fidel Castro retires as the President of Cuba after nearly fifty years
2011 Final Launch of Space Shuttle Discovery (OV-103)