Born on February 25

586 Prætextatus (bishop of Rouen) the bishop of Rouen from 549 until his assassination in 586.
1304 Ibn Battuta a Moroccan explorer of Berber descent. He is known for his extensive travels, accounts of which were published in the Rihla. Over a period of thirty years, Ibn Battuta visited most of the known Islamic world as well as many non-Muslim lands. His journeys included trips to North Africa, the Horn of Africa, West Africa and Eastern Europe, and to the Middle East, South Asia, Central Asia, Southeast Asia and China. Ibn Battuta is generally considered one of the greatest travellers of all time
1337 Wenceslaus I Duke of Luxembourg the first Duke of Luxembourg from 1354. He was the son of John the Blind, King of Bohemia, and Beatrice of Bourbon
1475 Edward Plantagenet 17th Earl of Warwick the son of George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence, and a potential claimant to the English throne during the reigns of both Richard III and his successor, Henry VII. He was also a younger brother of Margaret Pole, 8th Countess of Salisbury
1540 Henry Howard 1st Earl of Northampton a significant English aristocrat and courtier. He was suspect as a crypto-Catholic throughout his life, and went through periods of royal disfavour, in which his reputation suffered greatly. He was distinguished for learning, artistic culture and his public charities. He built Northumberland House in London and superintended the construction of the fine house of Audley End. He founded and planned several hospitals. Francis Bacon included three of his sayings in his Apophthegms, and chose him as "the learnedest councillor in the kingdom to present to the king his Advancement of Learning." Although he died before it went to trial it was discovered that he had been involved in the murder of Sir Thomas Overbury
1543 Sharaf Khan Bidlisi a medieval Kurdish emir and a politician from the Emirate of Bitlis.
1552 Magdalene of Lippe a German noblewoman. She was a Countess of Lippe by birth. By her marriage to George I, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt she was the first Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt
1555 Alonso Lobo a Spanish composer of the late Renaissance. Although not as famous as Tomás Luis de Victoria, he was highly regarded at the time, and Victoria himself considered him to be his equal
1591 Friedrich Spee a German Jesuit and poet, most noted as an opponent of trials for witchcraft. Spee was the first person in his time who spoke strongly and with arguments against torture in general. He may be considered the first who ever gave good arguments why torture is not a way of obtaining truth from someone undergoing painful questioning
1628 Claire-Clémence de Maillé-Brézé a French noblewoman from the Brézé family and a niece of Cardinal Richelieu. She married Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé, known as Le Grand Condé , and became the mother of Henri Jules. She was Princess of Condé and Duchess of Fronsac
1643 Ahmed II the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1691 to 1695. Ahmed II was born at Topkapı Palace, Constantinople, the son of Sultan Ibrahim by Valide Sultan Hatice Muazzez, and succeeded his brother Suleiman II in 1691
1649 Johann Philipp Krieger a German Baroque composer and organist. He was the elder brother of Johann Krieger
1651 Quirinus Kuhlmann a German Baroque poet and mystic. Known for his travels throughout Europe, Kuhlmann spent the last years of his life in Russia, where he was executed because he was considered politically dangerous
1655 Carel de Moor a Dutch Golden Age etcher and painter. He was a pupil of Gerard Dou
1663 Peter Anthony Motteux an English author, playwright, and translator. Motteux was a significant figure in the evolution of English journalism in his era, as the publisher and editor of The Gentleman's Journal, "the first English magazine," from 1692 to 1694
1682 Giovanni Battista Morgagni an Italian anatomist, celebrated as the father of modern anatomical pathology.
1692 Karl Ludwig von Pöllnitz a German adventurer and writer from Issum.
1707 Carlo Goldoni an Italian playwright and librettist from the Republic of Venice. His works include some of Italy's most famous and best-loved plays. Audiences have admired the plays of Goldoni for their ingenious mix of wit and honesty. His plays offered his contemporaries images of themselves, often dramatizing the lives, values, and conflicts of the emerging middle classes. Though he wrote in French and Italian, his plays make rich use of the Venetian language, regional vernacular, and colloquialisms. Goldoni also wrote under the pen name and title "Polisseno Fegeio, Pastor Arcade," which he claimed in his memoirs the "Arcadians of Rome" bestowed on him
1708 Felix Benda a Bohemian composer and organist. He was a member of the Benda musical family
1714 René Nicolas Charles Augustin de Maupeou a French lawyer,politician and chancellor of France, whose attempts at reform signalled the failure of enlightened despotism in France. He is best known for his effort to destroy the system of parlements, which were powerful regional courts, in 1770-74. When King Louis XV died in 1774, the parlements were restored and Maupeou lost power
1714 Sir Hyde Parker 5th Baronet a British naval commander.
1725 Karl Wilhelm Ramler a German poet.
1726 Princess Wilhelmina of Hesse-Kassel a Prussian princess, married to prince Henry of Prussia.
1727 Armand-Louis Couperin a French composer, organist, and harpsichordist of the late Baroque and early Classical periods. He was a member of the Couperin family of musicians, of which the most notable were his great uncle Louis and his cousin François
1728 John Wood the Younger an English architect, working principally in the city of Bath, Somerset. He was the son of the architect John Wood, the Elder. His designs were highly influential during the 18th century and the Royal Crescent is considered to be one of the best examples of Georgian Neo-Classical architecture in Britain
1735 René de Girardin Jean-Jacques Rousseau's last pupil. He created the first French landscape garden at Ermenonville. It was inspired by Rousseau's ideas. De Girardin was the author of De la composition des paysages , which strongly influenced the style of the modern French landscape garden
1737 August Wilhelm Hupel a Baltic German publicist, estophile and linguist.
1746 Charles Cotesworth Pinckney "C. C." Pinckney , was an early American statesman of South Carolina, Revolutionary War veteran, and delegate to the Constitutional Convention. He was twice nominated by the Federalist Party as their presidential candidate, but he did not win either election
1749 Jean Bon Saint-André a French politician of the Revolution era.
1752 John Graves Simcoe a British army officer and the first Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada from 1791 to 1796. Then frontier, this was modern-day southern Ontario and the watersheds of Georgian Bay and Lake Superior. His bicameral Legislature founded York and was instrumental in introducing institutions such as the courts, trial by jury, English common law, freehold land tenure, and the abolition of slavery. Slavery was ended in Upper Canada long before it was abolished in the British Empire as a whole; by 1810, there were no slaves in Upper Canada, but the Crown did not abolish slavery throughout the Empire until 1834
1755 François René Mallarmé a French statesman of the French Revolution and a supporter of Napoleon Bonaparte and the French Empire. His career is of particular interest because he was among political figures such as Joseph Fouché who at first aggressively supported the Terror, only to betray its leaders and support the various conservative reactionary régimes that followed. His was a chevalier de l'Empire from 22 November 1808 and a baron de l'Empire from 31 January 1810
1756 Lorenzo Litta an Italian littérateur and churchman, who became a Cardinal.
1768 Friedrich von Adelung a German-Russian linguist, historian and bibliographer. His best known works are in the fields of bibliography of Sanskrit language and the European accounts of the Time of Troubles in Russia
1777 Fleury François Richard a painter of the École de Lyon. A student of Jacques-Louis David, Fleury-Richard and his friend Pierre Révoil were precursors of the Troubador style
1778 José de San Martín an Argentine general and the prime leader of the southern part of South America's successful struggle for independence from the Spanish Empire. Born in Yapeyú, Corrientes, in modern Argentina, he left his mother country at the early age of seven to study in Málaga, Spain
1783 Władysław Grzegorz Branicki a Polish nobleman, senator and Russian general.
1790 Juan Álvarez Mendizábal a Spanish economist and politician.
1792 Johann Georg Christian Lehmann a German botanist.
1794 Gerrit Schimmelpenninck a Dutch businessman and statesman, whose views ranged from liberal to conservative. He was the son of Grand Pensionary Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninck and a member of the Dutch Reformed Church
1806 Friedrich Welwitsch an Austrian explorer and botanist who in Angola discovered the plant Welwitschia mirabilis. His report received wide attention among the botanists and general public, comparable only to the discovery of two other plants in the 19th century, namely Victoria amazonica and Rafflesia arnoldii
1807 George Trenholm a prominent politician in the Confederate States of America and served as the Secretary of the Treasury during the final year of the American Civil War.
1809 George Washington Cullum an American soldier, engineer and writer. He served as a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War, primarily serving in the Western Theater
1809 Morgan C. Hamilton an American merchant, politician from Alabama and Texas, and brother of Andrew Jackson Hamilton. Both men were unusual as Unionists in Texas during the American Civil War
1810 Princess Pauline of Württemberg (1810–1856) a member of the House of Württemberg and a Princess of Württemberg by birth. Through her marriage to William, Duke of Nassau, Louise was also a member of the House of Nassau-Weilburg and Duchess consort of Nassau. Pauline is an ancestor of the present Belgian, Danish, British, Dutch, Luxembourg, Norwegian, and Swedish Royal families
1812 Carl Christian Hall born at Christianshavn. Hall served as the Council President of Denmark , first from 1857 to 1859 and again from 1860 to 1863
1816 Giovanni Morelli an Italian art critic and political figure. As an art historian, he developed the "Morellian" technique of scholarship, identifying the characteristic "hands" of painters through scrutiny of diagnostic minor details that revealed artists' scarcely conscious shorthand and conventions for portraying, for example, ears
1818 David Catchings Dickson an American politician and physician in early Texas who served as the fourth Lieutenant Governor of Texas and as Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives. He was also a State Senator and unsuccessfully ran for governor of Texas
1820 Alois von Brinz a German jurist and politician.
1822 Lev Mei a Russian dramatist and poet.
1825 Berthold Carl Seemann a German botanist. He travelled widely and collected and described plants from the Pacific and South America