Died on February 25

777 Saint Walpurga an English missionary to the Frankish Empire. She was canonized on 1 May 870 by Pope Adrian Walpurgis Night is the name for the eve of her day, which coincides with May Day
805 Emperor Dezong of Tang an emperor of the Chinese Tang Dynasty and the oldest son of his father Emperor Daizong. His reign of 26 years was the third longest in the Tang dynasty. Emperor Dezong started out as a diligent and frugal emperor and he tried to reform the governmental finances by introducing new tax laws. His attempts to destroy the powerful regional warlords and the subsequent mismanagement of those campaigns, however, resulted in a number of rebellions that nearly destroyed him and the Tang Dynasty. After those events, he dealt cautiously with the regional governors, causing warlordism to become unchecked, and his trust of eunuchs caused the eunuchs' power to rise greatly. He was also known for his paranoia about officials' wielding too much power, and late in his reign, he did not grant much authority to his chancellors
806 Patriarch Tarasios of Constantinople Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 25 December 784 until his death on 25 February 806.
814 Sufyan ibn `Uyaynah a prominent eighth-century Islamic religious scholar from Mecca. He was from the third generation of Islam referred to as the Tābi`u al-Tābiʻīn, "the followers of the followers". He specialized in the field of hadith and Qur'an exegesis and was described by al-Dhahabī as shaykh al-Islam—a preeminent Islamic authority. Some of his students achieved much renown in their own right, establishing schools of thought that have survived until the present
1220 Albert II Margrave of Brandenburg a member of the House of Ascania. He was Margrave of Brandenburg from 1205 until his death in 1220
1246 Dafydd ap Llywelyn Prince of Gwynedd from 1240 to 1246. He was the first ruler to claim the title Prince of Wales
1247 Henry IV Duke of Limburg the duke of Limburg and count of Berg from 1226 to his death. He was the son of Waleran III, count of Luxembourg and duke of Limburg, and Cunigunda, daughter of Frederick I, Duke of Lorraine
1265 Ulrich I Count of Württemberg count of Württemberg from about 1241 until his death.
1362 John II of Chalon-Arlay a member of the House of Chalon-Arlay. He succeeded his father Hugh I of Chalon-Arlay to this title, and was himself succeeded by his son, Hugh II of Chalon-Arlay
1362 Hugh I of Chalon-Arlay lord of Arlay and of Vitteaux, and belonged to the house of Chalon-Arlay. He was the son of lord John I of Charlon-Arlay and of Marguerite of Burgundy , and his grandfather John, Count of Chalon was count-regent from the death of count Otto III onwards. On 13 February 1302 Hugh I married Béatrice de la Tour du Pin. They had one child, John II of Chalon-Arlay , who succeeded his father to the Chalon-Arlay title
1495 Sultan Cem a pretender to the Ottoman throne in the 15th century.
1522 William Lily (grammarian) an English classical grammarian and scholar. He was an author of the most widely used Latin grammar textbook in England and was the first headmaster of St Paul's School, London
1536 Berchtold Haller a German Protestant reformer. He was the reformer of the city of Bern, Switzerland
1547 Vittoria Colonna an Italian noblewoman and poet. She developed an artistic friendship with Michelangelo Buonarroti, with whom she exchanged verse. The early death of her husband, in 1525, gave Colonna the opportunity to develop and maintain her literary contacts and become one of the most popular poets of sixteenth-century Italy
1553 Hirate Masahide a Japanese samurai who served the Oda clan for two generations. His original name was Hirate Kiyohide
1558 Eleanor of Austria born an Archduchess of Austria and Infanta of Castile from the House of Habsburg, and subsequently became Queen consort of Portugal and of France. She also held the Duchy of Touraine as dower. She is called "Leonor" in Spanish and Portuguese and "Eléonore" or "Aliénor" in French
1565 Marcin Zborowski a Polish castellan of Kalisz , voivod of Kalisz , voivod of Poznań and castellan of Kraków. He was one of the leaders of execution movement, co-initiator of the Chicken War and also supporter of the Reformation. Zborowski participated in the fourth war of the Muscovite-Lithuanian Wars and in the Battle of Orsha. Murderer of Dymitr Sanguszko
1601 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl of Essex an English nobleman and a favourite of Elizabeth Politically ambitious, and a committed general, he was placed under house arrest following a poor campaign in Ireland during the Nine Years' War in 1599. In 1601, he led an abortive coup d'état against the government and was executed for treason
1634 Albrecht von Wallenstein a Bohemian military leader and politician, who offered his services, and an army of 30,000 to 100,000 men during the Thirty Years' War , to the Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand He became the supreme commander of the armies of the Habsburg Monarchy and a major figure of the Thirty Years' War.
1643 Marco da Gagliano an Italian composer of the early Baroque era. He was important in the early history of opera and the development of the solo and concerted madrigal
1655 Daniel Heinsius one of the most famous scholars of the Dutch Renaissance.
1656 Henriette Catherine de Joyeuse the daughter of Henri de Joyeuse and Catherine de Nogaret. She married her first husband, Henri de Bourbon, Duke of Montpensier, on 15 May 1597 and her second husband, Charles, Duke of Guise, on 6 January 1611
1682 Alessandro Stradella an Italian composer of the middle baroque. He enjoyed a dazzling career as a freelance composer, writing on commission, and collaborating with distinguished poets, producing over three hundred works in a variety of genres
1686 Abraham Calovius a Lutheran theologian, and was one of the champions of Lutheran orthodoxy in the 17th century.
1689 Khushal Khan Khattak a Pashtun poet, warrior and scholar, and chief of the Khattak tribe of the Pashtuns. Khushal preached the union of all Pashtuns, and encouraged revolt against the Mughal Empire promoting Pashtun nationalism through poetry. Khushal is the first Afghan mentor who presents his theories for the unity of the Pashtun tribes against foreign forces and the creation of a nation-state. Khushal wrote many works in Pashto but also a few in Persian. Khushal is considered the "father of Pashto literature" and the national poet of Afghanistan
1700 James Douglas 2nd Marquess of Douglas the son of Archibald Douglas, Earl of Angus and 1st Earl of Ormonde, and Lady Anne Stuart.
1704 Isabella Leonarda an Italian composer from Novara. At the age of 16, she entered the Collegio di Sant'Orsola, an Ursuline convent, where she stayed for the remainder of her life. Leonarda is most renowned for the numerous compositions that she created during her time at the convent, making her one of the most productive woman composers of her time
1710 Daniel Greysolon Sieur du Lhut the first European known to have visited the area where the city of Duluth, Minnesota is now located and the headwaters of the Mississippi River near Grand Rapids. His name is sometimes anglicized as "DuLuth", and he is the namesake of Duluth, Minnesota as well as Duluth, Georgia. Daniel Greysolon signed himself "Dulhut" on surviving manuscripts
1713 Frederick I of Prussia Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia in personal union. The latter function he upgraded to royalty, becoming the first King in Prussia. From 1707 he was in personal union the sovereign prince of the Principality of Neuchâtel. He was also the paternal grandfather of Frederick the Great
1715 Pu Songling a Qing Dynasty Chinese writer, best known as the author of Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio.
1723 Christopher Wren one of the most highly acclaimed English architects in history. He was accorded responsibility for rebuilding 52 churches in the City of London after the Great Fire in 1666, including his masterpiece, Paul's Cathedral, on Ludgate Hill, completed in 1710
1756 Eliza Haywood an English writer, actress and publisher. Since the 1980s, Eliza Haywood’s literary works have been gaining in recognition and interest. Described as "prolific even by the standards of a prolific age" , Haywood wrote and published over seventy works during her lifetime including fiction, drama, translations, poetry, conduct literature and periodicals. Haywood is a significant figure of the 18th century as one of the important founders of the novel in English. Today she is studied primarily as a novelist
1774 Johann Georg Chevalier de Saxe a Saxon Field Marshal and Governor of Dresden.
1796 Samuel Seabury (bishop) the first American Episcopal bishop, the second Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church, USA, and the first Bishop of Connecticut. He had been a leading Loyalist in New York City during the American Revolution
1798 Louis Jules Mancini Mazarini a French diplomat and writer. He was the sixth member elected to occupy seat 4 of the Académie française in 1742. In English, his title is written, the Duke of Nivernais
1805 Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt Queen consort of Prussia as the second wife of King Frederick William II.
1805 Thomas Pownall a British politician and colonial official. He was governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay from 1757 to 1760, and afterward served in the British Parliament. He travelled widely in the North American colonies prior to the American Revolutionary War, opposed Parliamentary attempts to tax the colonies, and was a minority advocate of colonial positions until the Revolution
1815 Stanoje Glavaš a Serbian hajduk and hero in the First Serbian Uprising.
1816 Friedrich Wilhelm Freiherr von Bülow a Prussian general of the Napoleonic Wars.
1818 George Cranfield Berkeley a highly experienced, popular, yet controversial naval officer and politician in late eighteenth and early nineteenth century Britain. Serving on several ships, Cranfield-Berkeley saw action at all three Battles of Ushant, commanded fleets in the West Indies and off Ireland and governed the supply routes to Portugal and Spain which kept Wellington's armies in the field during the Peninsula War. He also enjoyed an extensive political career, reforming military practices in Britain and participating in several prominent scandals including feuds with Charles James Fox and Hugh Palliser
1819 Francisco Manoel de Nascimento the reputed son of a Lisbon boat-owner.
1822 William Pinkney an American statesman and diplomat, and the seventh U.S. Attorney General
1826 Peter Ludwig von der Pahlen a Russian courtier who played a pivotal role in the assassination of Emperor Paul. He became a general in 1798, a count in 1799, and was the Military Governor of Petersburg from 1798 to 1801
1828 Yury Neledinsky-Meletsky a soldier, senator and secretary of state of the Russian Empire and a Russian poet.
1831 Friedrich Maximilian Klinger a German dramatist and novelist. His play Sturm und Drang gave name to the Sturm und Drang artistic epoch. He was a childhood friend of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and is often closely associated with Jakob Michael Reinhold Lenz. Klinger worked as a playwright for the Seylersche Schauspiel-Gesellschaft for two years, but eventually left the Kingdom of Prussia to become a General in the Imperial Russian Army
1841 Philip Pendleton Barbour a U.S. Congressman from Virginia and an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court. He was also the brother of Virginia governor and U.S. Secretary of War James Barbour as well as the first cousin of John Barbour and first cousin, once removed of John Barbour, Jr
1850 Daoguang Emperor the eighth emperor of the Manchu Qing dynasty and the sixth Qing emperor to rule over China, from 1820 to 1850. His reign was marked by "external disaster and internal rebellion," that is, by the First Opium War, and the beginning of the Taiping Rebellion which nearly brought down the dynasty. The historian Jonathan Spence characterizes Daoguang as a “well meaning but ineffective man," who promoted officials who "presented a purist view even if they had nothing to say about the domestic and foreign problems surrounding the dynasty."
1852 Thomas Moore an Irish poet, singer, songwriter, and entertainer, now best remembered for the lyrics of The Minstrel Boy and The Last Rose of Summer. He was responsible, with John Murray, for burning Lord Byron's memoirs after his death. In his lifetime he was often referred to as Anacreon Moore
1856 George Don a Scottish botanist.
1860 Friedrich Thiersch a German classical scholar and educationist.