Died on February 26

420 Porphyry of Gaza Saint Porphyry , Bishop of Gaza 395–420, known from the account in his Life for Christianizing the recalcitrant pagan city of Gaza, and demolishing its temples.
1154 Roger II of Sicily King of Sicily, son of Roger I of Sicily and successor to his brother Simon. He began his rule as Count of Sicily in 1105, became Duke of Apulia and Calabria in 1127, and then King of Sicily in 1130. By the time of his death at the age of 58, Roger had succeeded in uniting all the Norman conquests in Italy into one kingdom with a strong centralized government
1266 Manfred King of Sicily the King of Sicily from 1258 to 1266. He was a natural son of the emperor Frederick II of Hohenstaufen but his mother, Bianca Lancia , is reported by Matthew of Paris to have been married to the emperor while on her deathbed
1275 Margaret of England Queen of Scots as the wife of King Alexander III.
1289 Przemko of Ścinawa Duke of Żagań from 1278 to 1284 and Duke of Ścinawa from 1284 until his death.
1360 Roger Mortimer 2nd Earl of March an English nobleman and military commander during the Hundred Years' War.
1361 William V Duke of Jülich a German nobleman. Some authors call him William I, because he was the first Duke of Jülich; the earlier Williams had been Count of Jülich. Other authors call the subject of this article "William VI"; they count the son and co-ruler of William IV as William V
1552 Heinrich Faber a German music theorist, composer, and Kantor.
1556 Frederick II Elector Palatine Prince-elector of the Palatinate from 1544 to 1556.
1561 Jorge de Montemor a Portuguese novelist and poet, who wrote almost exclusively in Spanish. His most famous work is a pastoral prose romance, the Diana
1577 Eric XIV of Sweden King of Sweden from 1560 until he was deposed in 1568. Eric XIV was the son of Gustav I and Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg. He was also ruler of Estonia, after its conquest by Sweden in 1561
1587 Magdalene of Lippe a German noblewoman. She was a Countess of Lippe by birth. By her marriage to George I, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt she was the first Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt
1591 Vespasiano I Gonzaga an Italian nobleman, diplomat, writer, military engineer and condottiero. He is remembered as a patron of the arts and the founder of Sabbioneta, a town in Lombardy designed according to the Renaissance principles of the "ideal city"
1603 Maria of Austria Holy Roman Empress the spouse of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia and Hungary. She was the daughter of Emperor Charles V and twice served as regent of Spain
1611 Antonio Possevino a Jesuit protagonist of Counter Reformation as a papal diplomat and a Jesuit controversialist, encyclopedist and bibliographer. He acted as papal legate and the first Jesuit to visit Moscow, vicar general of Sweden, Denmark and northern islands, Muscovy, Livonia, Rus, Hungary, Pomerania, Saxony between 1578 and 1586
1630 William Brade an English composer, violinist, and viol player of the late Renaissance and early Baroque eras, mainly active in northern Germany. He was the first Englishman to write a canzona, an Italian form, and probably the first to write a piece for solo violin
1638 Claude Gaspard Bachet de Méziriac a French mathematician, linguist, poet and classics scholar born in Bourg-en-Bresse, at that time belonging to Duchy of Savoy.
1666 Armand de Bourbon Prince of Conti a French nobleman, the younger son of Henri, Prince of Condé and brother of le Grand Condé and Anne Geneviève, Duchess of Longueville. As a member of the reigning House of Bourbon, he was a Prince du Sang
1723 Thomas d'Urfey an English writer and wit. He composed plays, songs, and poetry, in addition to writing jokes. He was an important innovator and contributor in the evolution of the Ballad opera
1726 Maximilian II Emanuel Elector of Bavaria a Wittelsbach ruler of Bavaria and a Kurfürst of the Holy Roman Empire. He was also the last governor of the Spanish Netherlands and duke of Luxembourg. An able soldier, his ambition led to conflicts that limited his ultimate dynastic achievements
1733 Johann Adam Birkenstock a German composer and violinist. He was regarded as one of the foremost violinists in his days
1747 Johann Nicolaus Mempel a German musician.
1770 Giuseppe Tartini an Italian Baroque composer and violinist.
1785 Barbara Erni a Liechtenstein woman known for stealing from inns throughout western Europe using a confidence trick. Known in Liechtenstein legend as Golden Boos, Erni was the last person to be executed by Liechtenstein
1790 Sir Joshua Rowley 1st Baronet the fourth son of Admiral Sir William Rowley. Sir Joshua was from an ancient English family, originating in Staffordshire and was born on 1 May 1734 in Dublin Rowley served with distinction in a number of battles throughout his career and was highly praised by his contemporaries. Unfortunately whilst his career was often active he did not have the opportunity to command any significant engagements and always followed rather than led. His achievements have therefore been eclipsed by his contemporaries such as Keppel, Hawke, Howe and Rodney. Rowley however remains one of the stalwart commanders of the wooden walls that kept Britain safe for so long
1802 Esek Hopkins the only Commander in Chief of the Continental Navy during the American Revolutionary War. He was also an accomplished merchant captain and privateer
1806 Thomas-Alexandre Dumas a general in Revolutionary France and the highest-ranking person of color of all time in a European army. He was the first person of color in the French military to become brigadier general, the first to become divisional general, and the first to become general-in-chief of a French army. Dumas shared the status of the highest-ranking black officer in the Western world only with Toussaint Louverture until 1975, when the American Daniel "Chappie" James Jr became a four star General in the United States Air Force, the closest American equivalent of Général d'Armée, Dumas' highest rank
1813 Robert R. Livingston (chancellor) an American lawyer, politician, diplomat from New York, and a Founding Father of the United States. He was known as "The Chancellor", after the office he held for 25 years
1814 Johan Tobias Sergel a Swedish neoclassical sculptor, born in Stockholm.
1815 Prince Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld a general in the Austrian service.
1821 Joseph de Maistre a Savoyard philosopher, writer, lawyer, and diplomat. He defended hierarchical societies and a monarchical State in the period immediately following the French Revolution. Maistre was a subject of the King of Piedmont-Sardinia, whom he served as member of the Savoy Senate , ambassador to Russia , and minister of state to the court in Turin
1828 Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein a German painter. He was a descendant of the Tischbein family of painters, and a pupil of his uncle Johann Jacob Tischbein
1831 John Sims (taxonomist) an English physician and botanist.
1834 Alois Senefelder a German actor and playwright who invented the printing technique of lithography in 1796.
1839 Sybil Ludington famous for her night ride on April 26, 1777 to alert American colonial forces to the approach of the British. Her action was similar to that performed by Paul Revere, though she rode more than twice the distance of Revere and was only 16 years old at the time of her action. She was an aunt of Harrison Ludington, the Governor of Wisconsin
1845 Domenico Gilardi a Swiss architect who worked primarily in Moscow, Russia in Neoclassicist style. He was one of key architects charged with rebuilding the city after the Fire of 1812. Gilardi’s legacy survives in public buildings like Moscow Orphanage, Widows’ House, Catherine’s Institute and the Old Hall of Moscow University
1856 Phillip Parker King an early explorer of the Australian and Patagonian coasts.
1858 Thomas Tooke an English economist known for writing on money and his work on economic statistics. After Tooke's death the Statistical Society endowed the Tooke Chair of economics at King's College London, and a Tooke Prize
1864 Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine the first Canadian to become Prime Minister of the United Province of Canada and the first head of a responsible government in Canada. He was born in Boucherville, Lower Canada in 1807. A jurist and statesman, Lafontaine was first elected to the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada in 1830. He was a supporter of Papineau and member of the Parti canadien. After the severe consequences of the Rebellions of 1837 against the British authorities, he advocated political reforms within the new Union regime of 1841
1875 Svetozar Marković an influential Serbian political activist, literary critic and philosopher. He developed an activistic anthropological philosophy with a definite program of social change. He was called the Serbian Nikolay Dobrolyubov
1878 Angelo Secchi an Italian astronomer. He was Director of the Observatory at the Pontifical Gregorian University for 28 years. He was a pioneer in astronomical spectroscopy, and was one of the first scientists to state authoritatively that the Sun is a star
1881 Emmanuel Louis Marie Guignard vicomte de Saint-Priest a French politician and diplomat during the Bourbon Restoration. He was the son of François-Emmanuel Guignard, comte de Saint-Priest, one of King Louis XVI of France's last ministers. Born during the opening days of the French Revolution, he was the godson of Queen Marie Antoinette
1883 Alexandros Koumoundouros a Greek politician. Born in Kampos located in the Messenian side of the Mani Peninsula, he was the son of Spirìdonas-Galànis Koumoundoùros who was the Bey of the area during the last period of the administration of the region by the Ottoman Empire
1887 Anandi Gopal Joshi one of the first two Indian and South Asian women to obtain a degree in Western medicine in 1886. She is also believed to be the first Hindu woman to set foot on American soil
1889 Mićo Ljubibratić a Serbian voivoide , Orthodox priest, writer and translator that participated in the many uprisings in the Herzegovina region. He was the first person in the Balkans to translate the Koran into Serbo-Croatian. Greek, Bulgarian, Romanian and Albanian translations would follow in the 20th century
1889 Karl Davydov a Russian cellist of great renown during his time, and described by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky as the "star of cellists". Arensky dedicated his first piano trio to Davydov's memory. He was also a composer, mainly for the cello
1896 Arsène Houssaye born at Bruyères , near Laon. His real surname was Housset
1899 Count Johann Bernhard von Rechberg und Rothenlöwen an Austrian statesman.
1903 Richard Jordan Gatling an American inventor best known for his invention of the Gatling gun, the first successful machine gun.
1905 Marcel Schwob a Jewish French symbolist writer best known for his short stories and his literary influence on authors such as Jorge Luis Borges and Roberto Bolaño. He has been called a "surrealist precursor". In addition to over a hundred short stories, he wrote journalistic articles, essays, biographies, literary reviews and analysis, translations and plays. He was extremely well known and respected during his life and notably befriended a great numbers of intellectuals and artists of the time