February 26 events in history

364 Valentinian I is proclaimed Roman Emperor
1233 Mongol–Jin War: The Mongols capture Kaifeng, the capital of the Jin dynasty, after besieging it for months
1266 Battle of Benevento: An army led by Charles, Count of Anjou, defeats a combined German and Sicilian force led by King Manfred of Sicily. Manfred is killed in the battle and Pope Clement IV invests Charles as king of Sicily and Naples
1794 The first Christiansborg Palace in Copenhagen burns down
1815 Napoleon Bonaparte escapes from Elba
1876 Japan and Korea sign a treaty granting Japanese citizens extraterritoriality rights, opening three ports to Japanese trade, and ending Korea's status as a tributary state of Qing dynasty China
1909 Kinemacolor, the first successful color motion picture process, is first shown to the general public at the Palace Theatre in London
1914 HMHS Britannic, sister to the RMS Titanic, is launched at Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast
1917 The Original Dixieland Jass Band records the first jazz record, for the Victor Talking Machine Company in New York
1919 President Woodrow Wilson signs an act of the U.S. Congress establishing most of the Grand Canyon as a United States National Park - the Grand Canyon National Park
1920 The first German Expressionist film and early horror movie, Robert Wiene's The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, receives its première in Berlin
1929 President Calvin Coolidge signs an Executive Order establishing the 96,000 acre Grand Teton National Park in Wyoming
1935 Robert Watson-Watt carries out a demonstration near Daventry which leads directly to the development of radar in the United Kingdom
1935 Adolf Hitler orders the Luftwaffe to be re-formed, violating the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles
1936 In the February 26 Incident, young Japanese military officers attempt to stage a coup against the government
1946 Finnish observers report the first of many thousands of sightings of ghost rockets
1952 Vincent Massey is sworn in as the first Canadian-born Governor-General of Canada
1960 A New York-bound Alitalia airliner crashes into a cemetery in Shannon, Ireland, shortly after takeoff, killing 34 of the 52 persons on board
1966 Vietnam War: The ROK Capital Division of the South Korean Army massacres 380 unarmed civilians in South Vietnam
1966 Apollo program: Launch of AS-201, the first flight of the Saturn IB rocket
1971 U.N. Secretary General U Thant signs United Nations proclamation of the vernal equinox as Earth Day
1972 The Buffalo Creek Flood caused by a burst dam kills 125 in West Virginia
1980 Egypt and Israel establish full diplomatic relations
1987 Iran–Contra affair: The Tower Commission rebukes President Ronald Reagan for not controlling his national security staff
1991 Gulf War: United States Army forces capture the town of Al Busayyah
1992 Nagorno-Karabakh War: Khojaly Massacre: Armenian armed forces open fire on Azeri civilians at a military post outside the town of Khojaly leaving hundreds dead
1993 World Trade Center bombing: In New York City, a truck bomb parked below the North Tower of the World Trade Center explodes, killing six and injuring over a thousand
1995 The United Kingdom's oldest investment banking institute, Barings Bank, collapses after securities broker Nick Leeson, loses $1.4 billion by speculating on the Singapore International Monetary Exchange using futures contracts
2012 A train derails in Burlington, Ontario, Canada killing at least three people and injuring 45
2013 A hot air balloon crashes near Luxor, Egypt, killing 19 people